Tuesday, October 6, 2015









        Pollution Science 101 - China


                                  Edited by Michael Ross

                                   
                         Http://MonsantoInvestigation.com


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Chapter 1: Industrial pollution in China
Chapter 2: Animal cruelty in China
Chapter 3: China & Corruption
Chapter 4: Conflict & Corruption
Chapter 5: China & Genetically modified organisms
Chapter 6: China, North Korea, Uranium & Nuclear technology
Chapter 7: Islam & China
Chapter 8: The Vatican & China
Chapter 9: Pyramids in China ( Masonry)
Chapter 10: The Empire of China & royal dynasties
Chapter 11: Mao Zedong
Chapter 12: Agenda 21 & China
Chapter 13: China & the Arctic
Chapter 14: Himalayas 
Chapter 15: Chemical pollution
Chapter 16: The Council on Foreign Relations & China
Chapter 17: War & Peace


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Chapter 1: Industrial pollution in China


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 The Chinese government has currently made it illegal, for the Chinese media and Chinese citizens to criticize the government of China. We can see much of the environmental damage, and injustice, in the political realm in China.  The government of China, does not have the best interests of the people of China, including the living-beings of this world. We love the Chinese people. including their long history of culture, technology and inventions. It is the job of journalists, to uncover environmental and political injustice, no matter what part of the world it is in. We need to help the Chinese people. We need a culture revolt, against oppressive governments, and allow freedom of speech. We should have governments encouraging its citizens, to challenge the unsustainable ways of current governments, such as China.



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High C8 Levels in DuPont’s Chinese Workers’ Blood

 November 6, 2008

In “DuPont finds high levels of C8 in Chinese workers,” Ken Ward of the Charleston Gazette writes that workers at the Changshu, China plant had average blood concentration of about 2,250 ppb of perfluorooctanoate (PFOA), an agent used to make the non-stick compound Teflon.  Ward writes:
“DuPont Co. has found high levels of the toxic chemical C8 in the blood of workers at a new Teflon plant in China, despite company promises to greatly reduce exposures and emissions.  …DuPont installed its new Echelon technology.  DuPont says this technology allows it to make ‘low-PFOA’ products. The plant was also to include controls to limit C8 emissions and worker exposures.”
Yet, despite the company’s promises that the new technology would limit workers’ exposure to C8, Ward reports on data submitted to EPA by DuPont (as required under TSCA) that concentrations of C8 in the workers’ blood is already comparable to levels in U.S. workers.  The Changshu China plant has only been open for a year.


http://scienceblogs.com/thepumphandle/2008/11/06/high-c8-levels-in-duponts-chinese-workers-blood/


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The World's Toxic Waste Dump: Choking on Chemicals in China

November 28, 2005

China's rise as a global power, achieved with high economic growth rates, is reminiscent of the conditions in the era of early capitalism. Everything that drives production is good, and everything that slows it down -- safety technology, for example, that prevents industrial accidents from leading to massive factory explosions -- is harmful. The result is exploding tanks, burning factories, collapsing mine pits and all manner of toxic leaks. According to official statistics, 350 Chinese die each day in industrial accidents, but the unofficial figure is likely to be much higher. "Occupational safety is a serious problem, because the number of accidents and deaths remains high," said Wang Dexue, Deputy Director of the State Office of Occupational Safety, commenting on the horrifying figures from the country's manufacturing industries...

 http://www.spiegel.de/international/spiegel/the-world-s-toxic-waste-dump-choking-on-chemicals-in-china-a-387392.html





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China Tries to Clean Up Toxic Legacy of Its Rare Earth Riches




TIANJIN, China — In northern China, near the Mongolian border, radioactively contaminated leaks from two decades of rare earth refining have been slowly trickling underground toward the Yellow River, a crucial water source for 150 million people.
In Jiangxi province in south-central China, the national government has seized control of rare earth mining districts from provincial officials after finding widespread illegal strip-mining of rare earth metals.
And in Guangdong province in southeastern China, regulators are struggling to repair rice fields and streams destroyed by powerful acids and other runoff from open-pit rare earth mines that are often run by violent organized crime syndicates.

http://www.nytimes.com/2013/10/23/business/international/china-tries-to-clean-up-toxic-legacy-of-its-rare-earth-riches.html?partner=rss&emc=rss



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Story of illegally dumped chromium in China wins environmental press award

 August 16, 2011
Last summer, 5,000 tonnes of toxic chromium tailings were dumped near a Yunnan reservoir, contaminating water supplies and killing livestock. Feng Wei, winner of the 'best scoop' category in the 2012 China Environmental Press Awards, uncovered the story

http://www.theguardian.com/environment/2012/apr/11/poisoning-exposed-illegally-dumped-chromium-china


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Cancer mortality in a Chinese population exposed to hexavalent chromium in drinking water.


2008 Jan

In 1987, investigators in Liaoning Province, China, reported that mortality rates for all cancer, stomach cancer, and lung cancer in 1970-1978 were higher in villages with hexavalent chromium (Cr+6)-contaminated drinking water than in the general population. The investigators reported rates, but did not report statistical measures of association or precision.

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/18091413

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China: The electronic wastebasket of the world


 May 30, 2013

Did you ever wonder what happens to your old laptop or cellphone when you throw it away?
Chances are some of your old electronic junk will end up in China.
According to a recent United Nations report, "China now appears to be the largest e-waste dumping site in the world."


Toxic tech
Studies by the Shantou University Medical College revealed that many children tested in Guiyu had higher than average levels of lead in their blood, which can stunt the development of the brain and central nervous system.
Piles of technological scrap had been dumped in a muddy field just outside of town. There, water buffalo grazed and soaked themselves in ponds surrounded by piles of electronic components with labels like Hewlett-Packard, IBM, Epson and Dell.
The enormous animals casually stomped through mounds of sheet glass, which clearly had been removed from video monitors.
Flat screen displays often use mercury, a highly toxic metal.
"Releases of mercury can occur during the dismantling of equipment such as flat screen displays," wrote Greenpeace, in a report titled "Toxic Tech." "Incineration or landfilling can also result in releases of mercury to the environment...that can bioaccumulate and biomagnify to high levels in food chains, particularly in fish."
Most of the workers in Guiyu involved in the e-waste business are migrants from destitute regions of China and poorly educated. Many of them downplayed the potential damage the industry could cause to their health. 

Used to be worse
Despite the environmental degradation and toxic fumes permeating the air, many in Guiyu said that conditions have improved dramatically over the years.
"I remember in 2007, when I first came here, there was a flood of trash," said Wong, a 20-year-old man who ferried bundles of electronic waste around on a motorcycle with a trailer attached to it.
"Before people were washing metals, burning things and it severely damaged people's lungs," Wong added. "But now, compared to before, the [authorities] have cracked down pretty hard."

http://www.cnn.com/2013/05/30/world/asia/china-electronic-waste-e-waste/


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Toxic dumping linked to hundreds of deaths in Chinese factory village

  October 9, 2009


At first glance, there is little to distinguish Yuanfeng from any other village amid the vast urban sprawl that makes up China’s factory-scape of Dongguan.
This clump of brick farmhouses and small shops sandwiched between clothing, plastics and electronics factories is one of China’s dozens of “cancer villages,” – small towns where industrial pollution and other toxins have created cancer clusters. At least a dozen of the village’s 400 residents have died of cancer here in recent years, many of them young, many of them felled by very rare cancers. Higher-than-average cancer rates have also been reported in nearby villages.


http://coldtruth.com/2009/agriculture/industrial-dumping-linked-to-hundreds-of-deaths-in-chinese-factory-village/



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China's Cancer Villages

 May 15, 2012

Dateline investigates the increase in cancer cases in rural China, which is being blamed on toxic industrial waste poisoning the water supply.


 https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=O1pbNTvkYSA

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China 'cancer villages' linked to water pollution

Aug 09 2013

A new study in China has confirmed the existence of 'cancer villages' along certain rivers that have been linked to levels of water pollution. Areas along the Huaihe River have been found to have rates of cancer that are dramatically higher than the national average, according to Yang Gonghuan, the former deputy director of the Chinese Centre for Disease Control and Prevention.

Water surveillance data has been used in the new study, which looked at correlations between the data collected since the 1980s and the cancer rates of the region around the Huaihe River from 1970 to 2005. It was found that in the area affected by water pollution, the cancer rate was around 50 per cent higher than the national average between 2004 and 2005.


http://www.pollutionsolutions-online.com/news/water-wastewater/17/breaking_news/china_cancer_villages_linked_to_water_pollution/26416/


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Santa's Workshop - Inside China's Slave Labour Toy Factories

Dec 3, 2011

 Sometimes we have no choice, we work till dawn. When you work all night you become dizzy and your eyes hurt because you can't take any breaks. SANTA'S WORKSHOP takes you to the real world of China's toy factories. Workers tell us about long working hours, low wages, and dangerous work places. Those who protest or try to organize trade unions risk imprisonment. Low labor costs attract more and more companies to China. Today more than 75% of our toys are made in China. But this industry takes its toll on the workers and on the environment.

The European (and American) buyers blame bad conditions on the Chinese suppliers. But they say that increasingly hard competition gives them no option. Who should we believe? And what can you do to bring about a fairer and more humane toy trade?

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=yF8jUDzz5bE

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SOS Note In Made in China Kmart Halloween Decorations

 Jun 18, 2013

 If you buy products that say made in China, you might get more than you bargained for. Last Halloween, Julie Keith discovered a handwritten note in her Kmart Halloween decorations that had been written by the Chinese prisoner who made it. He was among scores of other prisoners at the Masanjia labor camp, otherwise known as hell on earth. Torture, long hours of slave labor...isn't it nice to know this is how America get's its cheap goods? And a recent New York Times article has discovered whom this prisoner was-an adherent of the Falun Gong spiritual practice, widely considered to be the most persecuted group inside the camp.

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=UBepRHBm_LY

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As More Toys Are Recalled, Trail Ends in China


 June 19, 2007

China manufactured every one of the 24 kinds of toys recalled for safety reasons in the United States so far this year, including the enormously popular Thomas & Friends wooden train sets, a record that is causing alarm among consumer advocates, parents and regulators.


 http://www.nytimes.com/2007/06/19/business/worldbusiness/19toys.html?pagewanted=all&_r=0

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China's Latest Tainted Export: Toxic Drywall

 July 13, 2009

Litigation surges over thousands of boom-era homes in the South that may harbor noxious, corrosive gases from gypsum mined in China

China has been blamed for a raft of dangerous exports to the U.S.??ead-tainted toys, melamine-spiked pet food, and contaminated blood thinners. Now one of the biggest homebuilders in the U.S. says defective drywall from China is the culprit for fumes that have damaged 400 houses in Florida.
It won't be easy for homeowners to collect damages. Many builders responsible for purchasing and installing suspect drywall have gone out of business during the recession, while others didn't keep sufficiently detailed records to track the origin of the drywall they placed, notes Jean Harrison, a senior partner who specializes in construction law at Nashville-based Harrison Law Group.

 http://www.businessweek.com/stories/2009-07-13/chinas-latest-tainted-export-toxic-drywallbusinessweek-business-news-stock-market-and-financial-advice


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DECKER & TRIPLETT: China’s poisonous exports


  November 15, 2011

 The Chinese have peddled numerous toxic products to American consumers, including everything from children’s toys to adult vitamins to pet food. The U.S. government regularly stops more poisonous or faulty products at the border that were imported from the PRC than from any other nation. In April 2011, for example, the Food and Drug Administration issued 197 import refusals for Chinese goods, compared to 107 for India and 105 for Mexico, the two next most prolific purveyors of bad merchandise. Some of the 197 goods refused for entry into America included hazardous cardiograph machines, cosmetics, pet medicine, diet drugs, orthodontic parts, surgical bandages, frozen spinach, asparagus and candy.

 http://www.washingtontimes.com/news/2011/nov/15/chinas-poisonous-exports/


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Look at how many resources it takes, to ship goods from China, to the entire globe. This is why many new laws and regulations are being put in place, to restrict international shipping, on many different items. Many think this is a good idea. Some people think that this will restrict free trade. Many think that we should have a more efficient means, for being able to distribute goods. A good example would be using an electric or hydrogen powered train or chunnel, to move many goods. It is often debated if we should have open-track, or closed-track conditions, for high-speed trains.

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Big polluters: one massive container ship equals 50 million cars


 April 23, 2009

 April 23, 2009 The Guardian has reported on new research showing that in one year, a single large container ship can emit cancer and asthma-causing pollutants equivalent to that of 50 million cars. The low grade bunker fuel used by the worlds 90,000 cargo ships contains up to 2,000 times the amount of sulfur compared to diesel fuel used in automobiles. The recent boom in the global trade of manufactured goods has also resulted in a new breed of super sized container ship which consume fuel not by the gallons, but by tons per hour, and shipping now accounts for 90% of global trade by volume.

 http://www.gizmag.com/shipping-pollution/11526/



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Toxic Shipping Containers May Be Contaminating Your Food And Clothes

2013-03-06
 http://www.worldcrunch.com/world-affairs/toxic-shipping-containers-may-be-contaminating-your-food-and-clothes/shipping-health-cancer-imports-ikea/c1s10701/


ROTTERDAM - Governments are well aware of the danger, but consumers have no idea. One out of five freight containers arriving in European ports has been fumigated with extremely dangerous, carcinogenic or neurotoxic gases.
It is a vast phenomenon: one million containers filled with imported goods arrive in Europe by ship every week. These toxic substances are odorless, colorless and can affect everyone from port workers, customs officials, logisticians, drivers, warehousemen, store employees and even consumers.

In 2010 in the Netherlands, two workers unpacking a container from China filled with glass packed in timber pallets were severely contaminated. One of them spent five days in a coma while the other experienced serious health problems: major weight loss, loss of smell and taste.

These toxic gases are left over from the fumigation process, a necessary – sometimes mandatory – operation to kill micro-organisms and pests before transport, in order to prevent the introduction of parasites, bacteria and diseases into the importing country.

The fumigation process is usually subject to many precautions. Shipping containers must be sprayed with gas and then ventilated before goods can be loaded. They must display specific labels on the door specifying the date of fumigation and the fumigation gas used.

 http://www.worldcrunch.com/world-affairs/toxic-shipping-containers-may-be-contaminating-your-food-and-clothes/shipping-health-cancer-imports-ikea/c1s10701/

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'Organic' from China exposed: The shocking truth about 'organic' foods grown in the world's worst environmental cesspool


February 21, 2013


http://www.naturalnews.com/039195_organic_foods_china_pollution_nightmare.html


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Toxic vegetables expose hidden practices, loopholes

 2012-05-07

JINAN, May 7 (Xinhua) -- Reports of formaldehyde-tainted Chinese cabbage in east China's Shandong province, the country's largest vegetable production base, have exposed some clandestine market practices and triggered a new wave of food safety concerns.


 http://news.xinhuanet.com/english/china/2012-05/07/c_131573079.htm

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Food safety incidents in China


https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Food_safety_incidents_in_China

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2008 Chinese milk scandal


The 2008 Chinese milk scandal was a food safety incident in China. The scandal involved milk and infant formula along with other food materials and components being adulterated with melamine.

China reported an estimated 300,000 victims in total. Six infants died from kidney stones and other kidney damage with an estimated 54,000 babies being hospitalised. The chemical gives the appearance of higher protein content when added to milk, leading to protein deficiency in the formula. In a separate incident four years prior, watered-down milk had resulted in 13 infant deaths from malnutrition.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/2008_Chinese_milk_scandal

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Chinese Whistleblower Attacked with Sulfuric Acid | China Uncensored


 Jul 11, 2013

 Chinese Whistle blower Li Jianxin has been attacked with sulfuric acid. Makes you wonder why NSA whistle blower Edward Snowden felt China was such a great place to hideout. China has a history of offering little protection to whistleblowers. With no national law protecting them, many have suffered the consequences for their activism. On this episode of China Uncensored, Chris Chappell also takes a look at toxic milk whistleblower Jiang Weisuo, AIDS activist Gao Yaojie, and finally, Zhu Ruifeng, citizen journalist at the center of a sex tape scandal that has already taken down 11 high-ranking officials.


 https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=hia27RPziLo

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China's Centuries Old Underground Coal Fires | China Uncensored


 Aug 21, 2013

Underground coal seam fires have been raging underneath China for not decades, but hundreds, even thousands of years. The coal spews out toxic columns of mercury, lead, arsenic, carbon monoxide and sulfur dioxide and temperatures can sore to 1000 degrees Fahrenheit. And they're next to impossible to put out. It's one of the most dangerous environmental disasters plaguing the planet, and few have ever heard of it. All it takes is a single spark to turn a coalmine into a deadly inferno.

 https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=GI2wkwYIU8c



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Chinese Apple suppliers face toxic heavy metal water pollution charges

Foxconn denies allegations, Apple reiterates zero-tolerance stance

 The hill of chemical waste beside Farmer Wu Shuliang’s rice paddy began to take shape in the 1990s.

“It was yellow and green and it smelled terrible," says Wu, standing on the edge of his rice paddy in rural Yunnan, in China's southwest. The waste was from a factory next door, a byproduct from making chemicals used for tanning leather.



http://www.marketplace.org/topics/world/chinas-toxic-harvest-growing-tainted-food-cancer-villages



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After ‘Cadmium Rice,’ now ‘Lead’ and ‘Arsenic Rice’


April 25, 2014

Soil in China’s leading rice-producing region shows high levels of heavy metal contamination, in a study that suggests that the proximity of mining and industry to agricultural areas is posing serious threats to the country’s food chain.

 http://sinosphere.blogs.nytimes.com/2014/04/25/after-cadmium-rice-now-lead-and-arsenic-rice/?_r=0

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 China’s Water Pollution Crisis

According to one report, “up to 40 percent of China’s rivers were seriously polluted” and “20 percent were so polluted their water quality was rated too toxic even to come into contact with.”

http://thediplomat.com/2013/01/22/forget-air-pollution-chinas-has-a-water-problem/

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Fluoride, arsenic and iodine in China's drinking water poisons 50 million people

  23 June, 2015

Fluoride levels in more than 1,000 counties are too high, while arsenic poses a threat to about 600,000 mainlanders, magazine reports.

 Tens of millions of mainland Chinese are being poisoned by unsafe levels of fluoride and arsenic in drinking water, despite decades of official efforts to improve supplies, state media say.

 http://www.scmp.com/news/china/society/article/1825033/chinas-unsafe-drinking-water-afflicts-millions-disease-state

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 Toxic tap water spurs panic buying in China city

April 11, 2014

Tap water in a Chinese city was found to contain excessive levels of the toxic chemical benzene, prompting residents to rush to buy bottled water, state media said on Friday.

Tests conducted on Thursday and Friday showed that tap water in Lanzhou, the capital of northwestern Gansu province, had as much as 200 micrograms of benzene per litre, 20 times the national limit, the official Xinhua news agency said, citing local environment authorities.


 http://phys.org/news/2014-04-toxic-spurs-panic-china-city.html#jCp


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20 Images of China’s Severe Water Pollution


 http://gallagher-photo.com/2013/03/20/20-images-of-chinas-severe-water-pollution/




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After China's multibillion-dollar cleanup, water still unfit to drink

  Feb 20, 2013

 

China aims to spend $850 billion to improve filthy water supplies over the next decade, but even such huge outlays may do little to reverse damage caused by decades of pollution and overuse in Beijing's push for rapid economic growth.

 

http://www.reuters.com/article/2013/02/20/us-china-pollution-water-idUSBRE91J19N20130220



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Even the water, including the soil in Bangladesh, is suffering from trans-boundary pollution from China.


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101 East - Bangladesh's poisoned gift

Aug 12, 2010

On this edition of 101 East, we look at how a plan to help one of the world's poorest countries went horribly wrong.

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=chO-i2uzsbg

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China Uncensored - Dam it! - China Uncensored - NTDonChina


 Mar 22, 2013

Guess what? A Chinese official says foreigners and green technology is to blame for China's pollution. Pollution in China is out of hand. Whether it's air, water, or land pollution, the damage to China's environment unparalleled. But now things are going to change. One Chinese official has figured out what is causing all of Beijing's pollution—foreigners! On this episode of China Uncensored, Chris Chappell takes a look at some of the more inventive ways that Chinese officials have come up with of dealing with China's environmental pollution.

 https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=wsRXINQeq-o&feature=youtu.be

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Trans boundary water issues between Kazakhstan and China

 http://iosrjournals.org/iosr-jhss/papers/Vol19-issue1/Version-3/M019139194.pdf



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Soil erosion threatens land of 100m Chinese, survey finds

 

21 November, 2008


http://www.theguardian.com/world/2008/nov/21/china-soil-erosion-population

Almost 100 million people in south-west China will lose the land they live on within 35 years if soil erosion continues at its current rate, a nationwide survey has found.

Crops and water supplies are suffering serious damage as earth is washed and blown away across a third of the country, according to the largest-scale study for 60 years.

Harvests in the north-east, known as China's breadbasket, will fall 40% within half a century on current trends, even as the 1.3 billion population continues to grow.

While experts cited farming and forestry as the main causes, contributing to over a third of the area affected, the research team said erosion was damaging industrial areas and cities as well as remote rural land. About 4.5bn tonnes of soil are scoured away each year, at an estimated cost of 200bn yuan (£20bn) in this decade alone.

The poor will be worst hit, warns the report from China's bio-environment security research team, which worked on the survey for three years. Almost three-quarters of them already live in erosion-hit areas.
The country's 80,000 reservoirs are also affected, with sand and mud reducing their storage capacity each year. Like soil deposits along rivers, that increases the risk of flooding.

"If we don't conduct effective measures, erosion will cause major damage to social and economic development," Chen Lei, the director of the Ministry of Water Resources, told the official People's Daily newspaper.

The state news agency Xinhua said more than 3.5m square kilometres were affected in total, with 1.6m square kilometres scoured by water and 2m square kilometres by wind.

Professor Mu Xingming of the Institute of Soil and Water Conservation told the Guardian that overpopulation was largely to blame. He said his analysis of north-east China over the last century showed the effects of increasing population density.

New roads and railways were also contributing to the problem and people were less aware of the need for environmental protection than in other countries, he added.

Mu cited the Yellow River as one of the areas worst hit. "Historically, it got its name because of its colour - because the water contains more mud and sand than other rivers. But now it's yellower because of human activities," he said.

Beijing has been concerned about the desertification of China's northern grasslands for many years, and scaled back logging after deforestation contributed to flooding along the Yangtze in the late 1990s. Mu said more work was needed to restore forests and grasslands and suggested humans would have to leave some areas entirely if they were to recover.

 

 http://www.theguardian.com/world/2008/nov/21/china-soil-erosion-population



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China blames weather for hampering efforts to banish smog


 Oct 22, 2013

 China's battle against a persistent air pollution crisis, which all but shut down a city of 11 million this week, is being hampered by tough weather conditions, an environmental official said on Tuesday.


http://www.reuters.com/article/2013/10/22/us-beijing-environment-idUSBRE99L0G620131022?feedType=RSS&feedName=environmentNews

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 Here's what China's epic smog looks like from space
Here's what China's epic smog looks like from space - See more at: http://humanitariannews.org/20131021/heres-what-chinas-epic-smog-looks-space#sthash.wpDKxGGA.dpuf

21 October, 2013 - 22:50

Beijing, China is having insane smog right now, so heavy that flights and concerts are being canceled. Officially, visibility is around 160 feet, although people are reporting being able to see only a few yards in front of their faces, and small-particle pollution is 40 times higher than the safe limit recommended by the World Health Organization. And here is what it looks like from space, as photographed by NASA satellites:

http://humanitariannews.org/20131021/heres-what-chinas-epic-smog-looks-space

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 The pollution in China is so bad it's keeping the government from spying on people

6 November, 2013

The Chinese government is trying to keep tabs on its citizens with at least 20 million cameras, installed across the country to watch people's every move. Only problem with that plan: The smog in many Chinese cities is so thick that it's keeping government agents from actually seeing what's going on in front of the cameras' eyes.

The pollution in China is so bad it's keeping the government from spying on people


The Chinese government is trying to keep tabs on its citizens with at least 20 million cameras, installed across the country to watch people's every move. Only problem with that plan: The smog in many Chinese cities is so thick that it's keeping government agents from actually seeing what's going on in front of the cameras' eyes.
- See more at: http://humanitariannews.org/20131106/pollution-china-so-bad-its-keeping-government-spying-people#sthash.TTCaHtjt.dpuf
http://humanitariannews.org/20131106/pollution-china-so-bad-its-keeping-government-spying-people


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Can this air pollution vacuum cleaner fix Beijing’s smog?

 

Sure, we could institute personal lifestyle changes, increase financial incentives for using cleaner fuels, and support research into alternative energy — but sometimes, isn’t the simplest way the best way? What if we could just clean up polluted air by vacuuming it? Dutch designer Daan Roosegaarde and his electrostatic vacuum cleaner are fixing to find out.

http://grist.org/list/can-this-air-pollution-vacuum-cleaner-fix-beijings-smog/?
utm_source=syndication&utm_medium=rss&utm_campaign=feed

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Top 10 Most Polluted Places 2007



http://www.worstpolluted.org/






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Chinese Dare Officials to Swim in Polluted Rivers



BEIJING — A Chinese businessman angry about a filthy river made an equally dirty dare: He’ll give an environmental official about $32,000 just for swimming in the polluted waterway.
Local businessman Jin Zengmin posted on his microblog photos of a garbage-filled river in Rui’an city in the eastern province of Zhejiang. He dared the local environmental protection chief, Bao Zhenming, to swim in it for a prize of 200,000 yuan.
The challenge, made Saturday, reflects growing frustration among the Chinese public over widespread pollution and lack of governmental action. It quickly inspired at least one other offer: A posting on Tuesday under an alias on an online forum offered a 300,000 yuan ($48,000) cash prize to the environmental protection chief in the nearby county of Cangnan if the official swam in polluted rivers there...


http://www.irrawaddy.org/asia/chinese-dare-officials-to-swim-in-polluted-rivers.html

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Adsorption and desorption behavior of herbicide diuron on various Chinese cultivated soils.

2010 Jan 25

The adsorption-desorption behaviors of diuron were investigated in six cultivated soils of China. The effect of system pH and temperature were also studied. The data fitted the Freundlich equation very well. The adsorption K(F) values indicated the adsorption of diuron in the six soils was in the sequence of black soil (D)>yellow earth (F)>paddy soil (B)>yellow-brown soil (C)>yellow-cinnamon soil (A)>lateritic red earth (E). The adsorption K(F) and Freundlich exponents n were decreased when temperature was increased from 298 K to 318 K. However, the Gibb's free energy values were found less negative with the increasing temperature. Meanwhile, the extent of diuron adsorption on soil was at rather high level under low pH value conditions and decreased with increasing pH value. In addition, the desorption behavior of diuron in the six soils was in the sequence of lateritic red earth (E)>yellow-cinnamon soil (A)>paddy soil (B)>yellow earth (F)>yellow-brown soil (C)>black soil (D). At the same time, desorption hysteresis of diuron were observed in all of the tested soils. And the soil organic matter content may play an important role in the adsorption-desorption behavior.

 http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20153105

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The chemical called Diuron, is mass-produced in China. Recent tests have found that this harmful chemical, is now harming the Great Barrier Reef. 

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Farm toxins flow to Barrier Reef

September 22, 2011

A COMMONLY used farm chemical has been found in a Great Barrier Reef catchment at levels an alarming 50 times higher than those considered safe. Diuron is found in more than 100 products and is primarily used in sugar cane, cotton and weed spraying and in anti-fouling paints. A newly released State Environment Department study found the highest readings in Barratta Creek, a popular fishing location about 50km south of Townsville in north Queensland.

Farm chemicals metolachlor and atrazine were also found at 11 sites, all of which flow into Great Barrier Reef waters. It's the third environmental contamination incident in days, with a major study last week finding poisonous industrial pollutants such as DDT, dioxins and PCBs in birds' eggs in Brisbane and fishing being banned at Gladstone due to diseased fish. WWF-Australia seized on the diuron research, saying it was evidence the Australian Pesticides and Veterinary Medicines Authority was too slow to act. Spokesman Nick Heath said while the APVMA had been investigating diuron for nine years, eight of the sites investigated were being contaminated at toxic levels. "This paper (Environment Department) is the smoking gun," he said. "Here we have clear evidence that at least three chemicals which are approved for sale, one of which is known to cause cancer, are present in the Great Barrier Reef environment and in our internationally recognised wetlands, at unacceptably toxic levels."

The study found that diuron, which is poisonous to some marine plants and animals, accounted for 97 per cent of the toxicity in Barratta Creek, between Mackay and Townsville.

http://www.couriermail.com.au/ipad/farm-toxins-flow-to-reef/story-fn6ck51p-
1226142990123


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Chapter 2: Animal cruelty in China


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China's Expanding Middle Class Fuels Poaching, Decadence in Myanmar

 December 04, 2014

In the remote jungle city of Mong La, endangered animals are sold as aphrodisiacs, traditional medicines, and gastronomic delicacies.


 http://news.nationalgeographic.com/news/special-features/2014/12/141205-myanmar-burma-poachers-endangered-animals/

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Poaching for Chinese Markets Pushes Tigers to the Brink

12/05/2014

Tiger Deaths Increase Inside Protected Areas
Inflamed By Poaching, Record-High Tiger Deaths Reported In India
What You Don't Know About the Tiger Trade Is Killing Them
Tiger Poaching On The Rise With 73 Established Trade Hubs In India
Forest Dept Tries To Explain Away Missing Tigers
Malayan Tiger 'Critically Endangered'

These are just a few of this fall's tiger headlines. It's been a barrage of bad news.
Legions of dedicated individuals are deep in the fight to save this majestic creature, the largest of the world's cats. It's an animal that faces myriad threats, as all carnivores do, but one factor is largely responsible for their current slide: poaching, driven by the Chinese demand for tiger products.
http://www.huffingtonpost.com/sharon-guynup/poaching-for-chinese-mark_b_6276984.html

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Tigers in Traditional Chinese Medicine

 April 29, 2014

 http://voices.nationalgeographic.com/2014/04/29/tigers-in-traditional-chinese-medicine-a-universal-apothecary/

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 Tigers in China Massacred to Make Bone Wine | China Uncensored

May 30, 2013

Sorry Poppins, a spoon full of sugar may make the medicine go down, but if it's medicinal tiger wine tonic, that stuff's not getting into my stomach. There are only 3500 tigers left in the wild but over 5000 in captivity in China. But these tiger farms are serving up tiger steaks and starving tigers to death so their bones can be used to brew wine. Classical and traditional Chinese medicine is cool, acupuncture, qigong, tai chi, all that stuff. But please, let's leave these tigers alone before they're extinct.


https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=BjmDVbYXDbk




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Poaching is the second main reason why giant pandas are nearing extinction. The definition of poaching differs as you ask different people. Some say it means to capture a panda but others say it means killing. In the end it leads to the same thing happening, killing a panda. The main reason why people poach a panda is for its skin. Since pandas are such rare animals their skin is treasured and can be sold for a lot of money. A panda skin was sold for $65,000 once! In addition to this, it isn’t too hard to capture a panda from the wild. Groups of around 6-10 people go out into the wild and when they find a panda they have some heavy duty material in between two sticks of bamboo and put the panda onto the material and carry it to their car then drive off with it.

https://pandasaes.wordpress.com/poaching/

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The Wild World of Chinese Zoos! | China Uncensored

  Aug 16, 2013

Come one, come all to the wild world of Chinese Zoos! A bicycle race between a pair of monkeys and a bear? A dog passed off as a lion? A chance to feed live ducklings to a crocodile?! Yes, all of this and more at disturbingly unregulated zoos in China. From animal abuse and cruelty to Shanghai's Wild Animal Park's Wild Animal Olympics, this episode of China Uncensored will bring out the kid in you. If that kid were destined to become a serial killer.

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=xs4ewgx8onA

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Eco Warriors Undercover: Bear bile farming


February 10th 2009

Posing as buyers and suppliers in the illegal wildlife trade, eco warriors have taken hidden cameras where some of the most heinous crimes against nature are taking place: on bear bile farms in China. Other Earth saviors have packed unhidden cameras when they’ve gone on rescue missions to record the conditions of the bears they save and the ones they have to tragically leave behind. These are their photos, their stories, and the history of bear bile farming.


 http://sunbears.wildlifedirect.org/2009/02/10/eco-warriors-undercover-bear-bile-farming/



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Animal testing


https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Animal_testing

Care and use of animals

The Three Rs



 The Three Rs (3Rs) are guiding principles for more ethical use of animals in testing. These were first described by W.M.S. Russell and R.L. Burch in 1959.

Despite the widespread acceptance of the 3Rs, many countries—including Canada, Australia, Israel, the United Kingdom, and Germany—have reported rising experimental use of animals in recent years with increased use of mice and, in some cases, fish while reporting declines in the use of cats, dogs, primates, rabbits, guinea pigs, and hamsters. Along with other countries, China has also escalated its use of GM animals, resulting in an increase in overall animal use.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Animal_testing

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China, the world’s biggest ivory consumer, wants to help Zimbabwe stop poaching






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China agrees to phase out its ivory industry to combat elephant poaching

 29 May 2015

Conservationists hail China’s first ever commitment to phase out legal, domestic manufacture and sale of ivory products as a victory in the fight to save Africa’s elephants

http://www.theguardian.com/environment/2015/may/29/china-agrees-to-phase-out-its-ivory-industry-to-combat-elephant-poaching

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China's Wealthy Are Banking on Extinction.

The country’s elite hopes to profit by investing in illegal wildlife products in anticipation that they will be worth more if the animals are exterminated.


http://www.takepart.com/feature/2015/03/24/china-endangered-species-banking-extinction-poaching-elephants-tigers-rhinos

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101 East - China's animal crusaders

Jul 15, 2011

China has for centuries raised dogs, cats and other animals for food and for use in traditional medicines. But now animal rights activism is flourishing with increasing numbers of people seeing animals as pets, not protein.

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=DKVWfQrut-k



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China Uncensored - There's a Lot of Dead Ducks Here! - China Uncensored - NTDonChina

  Mar 25, 2013

1000 dead ducks? 16,000 dead pigs? No, that's not the recipe for a great barbeque. It's the amount of dead animals washing up in rivers across China. On this episode of China Uncensored, Chris Chappell makes an update to a story last week about 6,000 dead pigs turning up in Shanghai's Huangpu river. Turns out pig farms were pretty busy dumping another ten thousand more diseased animals into the drinking water. But once again, authorities are saying the water is perfectly safe to drink. Cheers to that.


 https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=4ulENjcENO8&src_vid=SpHcPHPMuy0&annotation_id=5123475a-0-2b0e-9082-47d7bdc088e&feature=iv


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Guess What's Washing Up in Chinese Rivers Now? | China Uncensored

Apr 3, 2013

 Guess what's washing up in Chinese rivers now? They've already had over 16,000 dead pigs wash up in Shanghai's Huangpu River. A thousand dead ducks in Sichuan Province. And all the while Chinese environmental officials say the water is still safe to drink. But did you know that every year, hundreds of human corpses are found in the Yellow River, the second longest river in China? People called body fishers comb the waters outside of Lanzhou City, Gansu Province looking for these corpses so they can charge families of the deceased to view the body. But where are these bodies coming from? On this episode of China Uncensored, Chris Chappell takes a look at the booming business of body fishing and pokes a hole in recent announcements by the Ministry of Public Security that China's murder rate is one of the lowest in the world.

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=BTIBc0qn4GU


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List of endangered and protected species of China


 https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_endangered_and_protected_species_of_China



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Holocene extinction


 https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Holocene_extinction

The Holocene extinction, sometimes called the Sixth Extinction, is a name proposed to describe the currently ongoing extinction event of species during the present Holocene epoch (since around 10,000 BCE) mainly due to human activity. The large number of extinctions span numerous families of plants and animals including mammals, birds, amphibians, reptiles and arthropods. Although 875 extinctions occurring between 1500 and 2009 have been documented by the International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources,[1] the vast majority are undocumented. According to the species-area theory and based on upper-bound estimating, the present rate of extinction may be up to 140,000 species per year.[2]
The Holocene extinction includes the disappearance of large mammals known as megafauna, starting between 9,000 and 13,000 years ago, the end of the last Ice Age. This may have been due to the extinction of the mammoths whose habits had maintained grasslands which became birch forests without them.[3] The new forest and the resulting forest fires may have induced climate change.[3] Such disappearances might be the result of the proliferation of modern humans. These extinctions, occurring near the Pleistocene–Holocene boundary, are sometimes referred to as the Quaternary extinction event. The Holocene extinction continues into the 21st century.
There is no general agreement on whether to consider this as part of the Quaternary extinction event, or as a distinct event resulting from human-caused changes.[3][4] Only during the most recent parts of the extinction have plants also suffered large losses. Overall, the Holocene extinction can be characterized by the human impact on the environment.


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Overfishing

 https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Overfishing

Overfishing is a form of overexploitation where fish stocks are reduced to below acceptable levels. Overfishing can occur in water bodies of any size, such as ponds, rivers, lakes or oceans, and can result in resource depletion, reduced biological growth rates and low biomass levels. Sustained overfishing can lead to critical depensation, where the fish population is no longer able to sustain itself. Some forms of overfishing, for example the overfishing of sharks, has led to the upset of entire marine ecosystems.[1]
The ability of a fishery to recover from overfishing depends on whether the ecosystem's conditions are suitable for the recovery. Dramatic changes in species composition can result in an ecosystem shift, where other equilibrium energy flows involve species compositions different from those that had been present before the depletion of the original fish stock. For example, once trout have been overfished, carp might take over in a way that makes it impossible for the trout to re-establish a breeding population.


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Out to lunch: Extraordinary moment thousands of Chinese trawlers head out to sea after three-month ban on fishing is lifted 



Thousands of Chinese trawlers rushed out into the East China Sea today after a three-month-long summer fishing moratorium ended.
These incredible images of boats setting out from a harbour in Ningbo, Zhejiang Province, show just why China harvests more fish than any other country.
Although China has one fifth of the world's population, it consumes a third of the world's fish - some 50million tonnes a year.


http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-2762395/Out-lunch-Extraordinary-moment-thousands-Chinese-trawlers-head-sea-three-month-ban-fishing-lifted.html

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Detective work uncovers under-reported overfishing

 02 April 2013

 http://www.nature.com/news/detective-work-uncovers-under-reported-overfishing-1.12708

Excessive catches by Chinese vessels threaten livelihoods and ecosystems in West Africa.


 Fisheries scientists find the latest assessment startling. “So that’s where my fish were going!” says Didier Gascuel at the European University of Brittany in Rennes, France, who is a member of the scientific committee that advises Mauritania and the EU on fishing agreements. Year after year, Mauritanian populations of bottom-dwelling species such as octopus, grouper and sea bream have remained stubbornly low — a sign of over­fishing by bottom-scraping trawlers, he says. “We had no idea the Chinese catch was so big and of course we never included it our models,” he says.



It is a whopper of a catch, in more ways than one: China is under-reporting its overseas fishing catch by more than an order of magnitude, according to a study1 published on 23 March. The problem is particularly acute in the rich fisheries of West Africa, where a lack of transparency in reporting is threatening efforts to evaluate the ecological health of the waters.
“We can’t assess the state of the oceans without knowing what’s being taken out of them,” says Daniel Pauly, a fisheries scientist at the University of British Columbia in Vancouver, Canada, who led the study. The unreported catch is crippling the artisanal fisheries that help to feed West African populations, he says.
Fisheries experts have long suspected that the catches reported by China to the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) in Rome are too low. From 2000 to 2011, the country reported an average overseas catch of 368,000 tonnes a year. Yet China claims to have the world’s biggest distant-water fishing fleet, implying a much larger haul, says the study, which was funded by the European Union (EU). Pauly and his colleagues estimate that the average catch for 2000–11 was in fact 4.6 million tonnes a year, more than 12 times the reported figure (see ‘A colossal catch’). Of that total, 2.9 million tonnes a year came from West Africa, one of the world’s most productive fishing grounds.
Liu Xiaobing, director of the division of international cooperation of China’s bureau of fisheries, put the yearly overseas catch at 1.15 million tonnes in a speech to the EU last June. Pauly says that figure would be accurate if it referred to the amount brought back to China, rather than the total catch. Liu did not respond to an e-mailed request for comment.

 http://www.nature.com/news/detective-work-uncovers-under-reported-overfishing-1.12708

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The shark fin message is not getting through

 10 December, 2010,

 http://www.scmp.com/article/732941/shark-fin-message-not-getting-through


 Shark's fin has been banned by Hong Kong Disneyland and the University of Hong Kong, while 52 restaurants and hotels have promised to provide at least one banquet menu without it. Surveys consistently show that a majority of people are willing to break with tradition and would opt for alternatives, if offered.
They have good reason to feel this way. Many species of shark, as with all large fish, are endangered by overfishing. The finning industry is worth an estimated US$1.2 billion annually and it is rapidly expanding as China becomes more prosperous and appetite for the dish increases. Demand and the difficulty of managing and monitoring fishing are driving some species to extinction.
Sustainability aside, it is the cruelty that provokes most anger. In some cases the fins are hacked from live sharks and the bodies tossed overboard. It is not known how widespread the practice is, but there is ample evidence at ports, on seabeds and in the videos of shark protection groups.
There are too many unknowns about fin fishing to support it. More than 55 per cent of the global trade comes to our city or passes through it, so we have got particular reason to want transparency and regulation. Until the industry can get its house in order, restaurants and food guides should be better attuned to attitudes and expectations.


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Overfishing pushes 80% of Chinese fishermen towards bankruptcy


19.10.2012









Catches of the four main species in the South China Sea – the Japanese Spanish mackerel, eel and the large and small yellow croaker – have plummeted.
 
 In mid-September, the fishing season got under way as usual in Ningbo, on China’s east coast, after the three-month season when fishing is forbidden. Over 2,000 steel-hulled boats headed out to sea. But, on board, there was little cause for optimism.

“For the last two years profits from coastal fishing have been low,” explained Chen Jiming, chief engineer at Hainan Fisheries Research Institute. “Early estimates show that, with increasing fuel and labour costs, about 80% of fishermen will suffer losses without a diesel subsidy or similar support.”


https://www.chinadialogue.net/article/show/single/en/5221-Overfishing-pushes-8-of-Chinese-fishermen-towards-bankruptcy 


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China's growing appetite for luxury seafood will push up prices

 22 April, 2015,

 http://www.scmp.com/comment/insight-opinion/article/1773369/chinas-growing-appetite-luxury-seafood-will-push-prices

Mark Godfrey says Chinese consumers' rising demand will benefit Western producers but consumers will have to pay more


Ambitious fish farming plans will increase seafood production significantly in western European nations like Ireland, Scotland and Norway. But the expansion is not because locals are eating more fish. Rather, it's to meet rising Chinese demand for high-end species that Ireland, Norway and Scotland are all seeking to expand salmon farms off their coasts. French companies, meanwhile, are seeking licences to breed oysters on Ireland's Atlantic coastline to meet demand in China.
Rising incomes have fuelled the appetite for luxury seafood in China. And it's not just European aquaculture that aims to cash in. Traders in Cape Town pay agents to gather lobsters from the beaches of remote African countries before shipping them live through air freight hubs such as Dubai.


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Extreme Animal Lover - Rescues Stray Dogs and Cats from Chinese Restaurants & Medical Experiments

 Apr 8, 2009

 https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=0zYnQCw9gYY

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Chapter 3: China & Corruption


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China's Secret Holocaust Part 1 | NTD China Uncensored

 Apr 10, 2013

 Forced organ harvesting of living prisoners of conscience in China—evidence suggests the gruesome legacy of the Holocaust continues under the Chinese regime. Chris Chappell breaks through the silence of the Western media and exposes a horrific new crime against humanity, and at a US Congressional hearing Congressman Dana Rohrabacher calls "SHAME" on the failure of journalists to report.

 https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=l5pojQ12lRI&feature=iv&src_vid=Ixc5j6VoY_c&annotation_id=annotation_4023237197



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Yes, China still harvests organs from executed prisoners


 

 China is the world's leader in capital punishment, executing "thousands" every year, according to Amnesty International's best guess of the officially secret statistic. A U.S.-based NGO estimates 4,000 executions in 2011 alone, which is actually half of their projected 8,000 in 2007. By comparison, second-ranked Iran used the death penalty 360 times in 2011. The U.S., ranked fifth, used it 43 times...


https://www.washingtonpost.com/news/worldviews/wp/2012/11/05/yes-china-still-harvests-organs-from-executed-prisoners/




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China's hi-tech 'death van' where criminals are executed and then their organs are sold on black market




Death will come soon for Jiang Yong. A corrupt local planning official with a taste for the high life, Yong solicited money from businessmen eager to expand in China's economic boom.
Showering gifts on his mistress, known as Madam Tang, the unmarried official took more than £1 million in bribes from entrepreneurs wanting permission to build skyscrapers on land which had previously been protected from development.
But Yong, a portly, bespectacled figure, was caught by the Chinese authorities during a purge on corrupt local officials last year.
He confessed and was sentenced to death. China executed 1,715 people last year, so one more death would hardly be remarkable.


But there will be nothing ordinary about Yong's death by lethal injection. Unless he wins an appeal, he will draw his final breath strapped inside a vehicle that has been specially developed to make executions more cost-effective and efficient.
In chilling echoes of the 'gas-wagon' project pioneered by the Nazis to slaughter criminals, the mentally ill and Jews, this former member of the China People's Party will be handcuffed to a so-called 'humane' bed and executed inside a gleaming new, hi-tech, mobile 'death van.'
After trials of the mobile execution service were launched quietly three years ago - then hushed up to prevent an international row about the abuse of human rights before the Olympics last summer - these vehicles are now being deployed across China.
The number of executions is expected to rise to a staggering 10,000 people this year (not an impossible figure given that at least 68 crimes - including tax evasion and fraud - are punishable by death in China).


 http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-1165416/Chinas-hi-tech-death-van-criminals-executed-organs-sold-black-market.html

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Execution van


The execution van, also called a mobile execution unit, was developed by the government of the People's Republic of China and was first used in 1997. There is evidence that mobile execution chambers existed before 1997: the state of Delaware in the United States of America purchased a mobile lethal-injection chamber in 1986. The prisoner is strapped to a stretcher and killed inside the van. The van allows death sentences to be carried out without moving the prisoner to an execution ground. The vans also require less manpower per execution, requiring four persons to assist with the injection. The PRC states that the vans are more humane than previous forms of execution. Human-rights groups predict that the execution rate in China will increase because of mobile capital punishment

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Execution_van


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Are Plastinated Bodies Murdered Chinese Prisoners of Conscience? | China Uncensored



Jul 24, 2013


A new article in the Weekly Standard by China researcher Ethan Gutmann asks the question: do the plastinated bodies in Body Worlds and rival exhibit Bodies: the Exhibition come from murdered Falun Gong prisoners of conscience? Body Worlds creator Gunther Von Hagens and his former right hand man Sui Hongjin set up their plastination factory in Dalian City, Liaoning Province in 1999, the same year as the start of a nationwide crackdown of Falun Gong adherents in China. And with no functioning organ donation system in China, and the greatest number of disappearances of Falun Gong practitioners happened in Liaoning, many have wondered if there's a connection. Ethan Gutmann has come up with a solution that could clear Von Hagen of these accusations that have dogged him for years-DNA testing of his still preserved corpses.
 

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Ebm5yDcV_pU  

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What is Falun Gong and Why is it Persecuted? | China Uncensored


  Jul 17, 2014

 July 20 marks the anniversary of the Chinese Communist Party's persecution of the Falun Gong, or Falun Dafa, qigong meditation practice. In 1999, then leader of China Jiang Zemin declared the Party must eradicate Falun Gong? But why? What really is Falun Gong? On this episode of China Uncensored, the truth will be revealed.

 https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ayH0oyV5Xwo


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Chinese Judge Calls Himself "Hooligan" in Torture Video

 Feb 27, 2013

Wuhan businessman Xu Chongyang is a free man after being arrested in 2011 for speaking out about forced demolition. He was freed on January 5th, and now a shocking video of his torture has surfaced.

Chinese rights activist Hu Jia obtained footage. He published it on Boxun, an overseas news portal.

In the video, shot between April and June 2011, Xu is stripped naked and hung up, his nose and mouth are bleeding, and a judge is cursing him loudly. His ribs are broken and his teeth knocked out. 


 https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=SpHcPHPMuy0&feature=iv&src_vid=TYryQLlBCOc&annotation_id=annotation_586969

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Kim Jong-Un's Chinese Godfather Zhou Yongkang | China Uncensored

 May 6, 2013


 On this episode of China Uncensored, Chris Chappell introduces you to the man behind the curtain. You've probably never heard of Zhou Yongkang, but that's a name you'll want to know. The shadowy figure was master of China's vast network of police and secret police and one of the most powerful and sinister figures in the Chinese Communist Party. And he may have plans for North Korea and Kim Jong-un.

 https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=TYryQLlBCOc&feature=iv&src_vid=HKbndddW-wk&annotation_id=annotation_93396



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China's Dino Juice (aka oil) | NTD China Uncensored

 Nov 12, 2012

 Big Oil is great. When you think about it, oil is really nothing more than concentrated dino oil. Yet a few thousand protesters shook Ningbo city, Zhejiang Province last month all because one little oil plant (actually the largest in China) wanted to expand and produce several hundred thousand tons of a potentially deadly chemical. On this episode of China Uncensored, Chris Chappell takes you to the streets of Ningbo, and also shows why China's oil industry is making the world a better place.

 https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=CG2hqJn7zvo&feature=iv&src_vid=TYryQLlBCOc&annotation_id=annotation_203859

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Casualties Pile Up in China's Internal Political War | China Uncensored

Sep 3, 2013

This is one seriously bad dude, and his downfall could be the prelude to the end of the Chinese Communist Party. Zhou Yongkang was the mastermind behind China's vast network of secret police, paramilitary police, spies and held considerable clout within the Chinese Communist Party. But now his political rivals have woven a net around him so close, that he can't escape. He's going down. And it all began with the trial of Bo Xilai. Chinese leader Xi Jinping looks like he's finishing the battle started by leader Hu Jintao and premier Wen Jiabao and is taking out the 'Shanghai clique,' a group of corrupt Chinese leaders with Jiang Zemin at the head and Zhou Yongkang and Bo Xilai, making up the top ring. Together they've been accused of engaging in crimes against humanity including forced organ harvesting of still living prisoners of conscience, genocide against Falun Gong, and a host of other crimes. Is Xi Jinping positioning himself to take down the Communist Party by taking out '"he flies and tigers?" What's next for China? Find out on this episode of China Uncensored!

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Ixc5j6VoY_c

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Beware Chinese Leaders Bearing Gifts | China Uncensored

 Apr 23, 2013

What do Chinese leader Xi Jinping, soon-to-be Premier Li Keqiang, and Jack Skellington Pumpkin King of Halloween Town have in common (besides a beautiful singing voice)? That's right, they're all tyrannical leaders who ignored the rule of law! Xi Jinping and Li Keqiang are on a mission to fight corruption in China and they'll crush anyone they have to to do it! Now that's exciting China news. On this episode of China Uncensored, Chris Chappell takes a look at why nearly two dozen petitioners from Enshi Village begged Li Keqiang never to return to their little village after a publicity tour. Plus labor camps and black jails!

 https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=BMj9SX0xY-Q&feature=iv&src_vid=Fvr1h-38J9Q&annotation_id=annotation_714247

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China's Secret War Against the US | China Uncensored


 Jun 19, 2015

For over a decade, the Communist Party of China has been engaged in a full scale war with the United States. But the average American doesn't know, because China never declared war or fired a single bullet. Nonetheless, the Communist Party of China is engaged in a full-scale, multi-billion-dollar war with the United States, and it threatens every American worker and taxpayer.

 https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Hlr_AUIxvIs


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EMERGENCY ALERT: Communist Chinese Now Taking Over US Media

 Jan 26, 2017

 https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ZeG7C7X36yI

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China Uncensored : China Declares War on Chinese People - China Uncensored - NTDonChina

 Mar 12, 2013

You think China's military is scary? That's nothing compared to Chinese police. The Ministry of Public Security that handles China's army of police, paramilitary police, and secret police consistently gets billions more than the budget for the People's Liberation Army. And there's a good reason for that—the only way the Communist Party can stay on top is if it keeps the Chinese people on the bottom. On this episode of China Uncensored, Chris Chappell takes you to Shangpu village, where villagers made a grab at democratic reform and elections and were met with an army of police. They never stood a chance. 

 https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=iJUNlABoGcI

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This Is Why They Don't Allow Guns in China | NTD China Uncensored


 Nov 26, 2012

You know what they say, if you can't beat 'em, BUILD YOUR OWN ROCKET LAUNCHER! On this episode of China Uncensored, Chris Chappell shows you just why it is the Chinese government doesn't allow its citizens to own guns. HINT: its because they'd be able to fight back. Forced evictions are on the rise as corrupt officials seize land from homeowners and offer little in the way of compensation. Unless you count brutally beating people who resist compensation, in which case you probably need a psychologist. The result is "nail houses," solitary homes that are left sticking out of construction sites like nails. And whether its self-immolation, homemade cannons, or even an online video game, Chinese people are finding ways to fight back.

 https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=HVvYTpW5ctE&feature=iv&src_vid=iJUNlABoGcI&annotation_id=annotation_21517



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Cute Chinese Kids Brainwashed into Killing Machines | China Uncensored


 Jun 5, 2013


Ah, the innocence of youth. There's nothing quite like taking their pure, untainted minds and brainwashing them into killing machines.

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=CUMmklXluBg&feature=iv&src_vid=M3zKZj45OkE&annotation_id=annotation_2596626773
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Chinese Middle School Students Dress Up Like SWAT Team | China Uncensored



Oct 15, 2013

In most countries, the line between middle school students and SWAT Teams is pretty clear. Not in China. 2500 middle school students were forced to dress up in military and SWAT uniforms and go to a construction site over 750,000 square feet big so the local government could intimidate the residents being forcibly evicted. It's just a shame these kids weren't going to school in Shenzhen, otherwise they could have been forced into doing totally cool things, like work on Foxconn assembly lines making PlayStation 4's, Wii U's, and iPhone 5's! Now that's real world working experience! If real world experience is not standing up to authorities when they threaten you if you don't cave to their stupid demands.


 https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=M3zKZj45OkE

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China Uncensored - US Hit By China's Military Hackers - China Uncensored - NTDonChina

  Feb 23, 2013

DON'T WATCH THIS EPISODE!!! It is very hurtful to feelings of the Chinese people because China's military does not hack the kindly people of the United States. Chris Chappell's China Uncensored could damaging US-Sino relations. Mandiant don't even know Unit 61398. The New York Times is perhaps lies that China hack them? Apple too I think. US President Obama and President Xi Jinping will make good friend because they loving of freedom. Security, too.

 https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Fvr1h-38J9Q

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China Tells US Tech Companies to "Cooperate" | China Uncensored



Sep 25, 2015
Nothing says China's "peaceful development" quite like forcing US tech companies to hand over their intellectual property. While Chinese leader Xi Jinping visits the United States, a larger effort by the Chinese regime to control American tech companies is going on behind the scenes. . They want to make them sign a pledge to, among other things, not "harm national security." Find out more on this episode of China Uncensored!


 https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=vOflKhTsv14

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China Uncensored - Why is the US Giving Free Money to China? - China Uncensored - NTDonChina

 Mar 27, 2013

China is the world's fastest growing economy, the second largest consumer of energy, maintains the largest standing army and holds about 1.2 trillion dollars of American debt. It's also technically a developing nation and so get's millions of dollars of aid money from around the world. Makes perfect sense, doesn't it? On this episode of China Uncensored, Chris Chappell reveals how the Chinese regime manipulates its image as a superpower and developing nation by keeping the coastal cities rich and the rural areas poor.

 https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ZEyeYhJ6Pgc


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Bribery Probe Launched Into JPMorgan Hiring Chinese Executives' Children | China Uncensored


 Aug 20, 2013

JPMorgan Chase, the largest multinational bank in the United States, is the subject of a bribery probe by the SEC (Securities and Exchange Commission). Scandal has dogged JP Morgan Chase as eight different federal agencies, a state regulator and two foreign nations are investigating the multinational. Sure JP Morgan was involved in financing two of the largest subprime lenders, Countrywide and Ameriquest, that were in part responsible for the 2008 financial meltdown, and sure JPMorgan may have hidden loses of billions in the London Whale Scandal, but this time it's questionable dealings with China that's gotten the SEC's attention. The multinational may have hired children of important Chinese executives to secure contracts. But proving bribery will be no easy task.

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=YV1q_lSO8oo

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China Poised to DEMAND US Land As Payment for Debt

 Jun 4, 2015


Could real estate on American soil owned by China be set up as “development zones” in which the communist nation could establish Chinese-owned businesses and bring in its citizens to the U.S. to work?

That’s part of an evolving proposal Beijing has been developing quietly since 2009 to convert more than $1 trillion of U.S debt it owns into equity.

Under the plan, China would own U.S. businesses, U.S. infrastructure and U.S. high-value land, all with a U.S. government guarantee against loss.

Yu Qiao, a professor of economics in the School of Public Policy and Management at Tsighua University in Beijing, proposed in 2009 a plan for the U.S. government to guarantee foreign investments in the United States.

WND has reliable information that the Bank of China, China’s central bank, has continued to advance the plan to convert China’s holdings of U.S. debt into equity owned by China in the U.S.

The Obama administration, under the plan, would grant a financial guarantee as an inducement for China to convert U.S. debt into Chinese direct equity investment. China would take ownership of successful U.S. corporations, potentially profitable infrastructure projects and high-value U.S. real estate.

The plan would be designed to induce China to resume lending to the U.S. on a nearly zero-interest basis.

 https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Iln_HcAgLTs

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America is Up for Sale! | China Uncensored

 Mar 30, 2013

Even if the rest of the world doesn't, China still believes in buying American. So much so that the Chinese government has started buying up land, communities, businesses, infrastructures...the US owes China over a trillion dollars in debt and pays millions of dollars A DAY in interest on that. Is the Chinese Communist Party silently taking over the country? Has the Chinese regime become the nation's greatest enemy? Suddenly my student loan debt doesn't sound so terrifying.

 https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=uK9fWNuC3U0

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 The policy of America, is for the people of America, to not go into debt, with foreign countries, such as China. George W, Bush, authorized many illegal events in his presidency. This includes the illegal torture of people, to putting the American people in debt, to a foreign country. This goes against the laws of America. We know that different countries are trying to bribe American officials, while trying to control the infrastructure of America.


 The American people should not be forced into paying over a twenty Trillion dollar debt, to pay off illegal loans to a government, such as China. We need to ensure that corrupt governments, such as China, do not get away with trying to control the politics of other countries.

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American Jobs Lost to China On NYC's Verrazano Bridge Renovation | China Uncensored

Aug 6, 2013

$34 million dollars worth of American jobs have been sent to China after New York's MTA decided to hire on China for part of the Verrazano-Narrows Bridge Renovation project. And considering that 6 bridges have collapsed in China since 2011, you got to wonder if safety concerns were ever a part of the equation. But many things are being made in China these days. You might be surprised at what.

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ZTBFKEVQjXo

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The Craziest Immigration Plot You'll Ever Hear | China Uncensored

Sep 25, 2013

There's nothing more joyous than a bouncing bundle of joy, especially when that baby can be used by Chinese parents to get green cards. They're called "anchor babies." Chinese parents are using surrogate mothers in the United States to birth what would be an illegal second child, according to China's One Child Policy. The child, born in America, automatically has US citizen ship and when they turn 21, can apply for green cards for the whole family. It's a growing business and the "labor" involved is minimal.

 https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=uYWZtnjHmvY


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Why Are China's Rich Moving to the US? | China Uncensored


 Oct 2, 2015

 China's wealthy are moving to the US and they seem to have taken an interest in real estate. What does their immigration mean for China? Find out on this episode of China Uncensored!

 https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=pcORDNGqsMQ&list=PLTSP8TRXTny79I-F2E8LWQoiBAfqHznmK


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Is China Fueling The Drug War?


Jul 12, 2015

Synthetic drug labs are popping up across China, and their products are turning up in the United States. So, how is China fueling illegal drug trade?

 https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=8oekSnRNvOo


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11 Ways China Is Breaking Bad | China Uncensored


 Feb 12, 2015

 China is fueling meth addiction by supplying precursor chemicals to drug lords and gangs around the world. These basic chemical ingredients can be used to make Methamphetamine, and have fed a growing drug problem in the United States through Mexican drug cartels. In recent years, Chinese authorities have launched several high-profile drug busts. But authorities are also looking the other way, or in some cases, are directly involved in synthetic drug trade. On this episode of China Uncensored, here are 11 ways that the Chinese Communist Party is breaking bad.

 https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=V3mqwkgv_PQ



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Why Western Companies Are Being Targeted in China | China Uncensored

Jan 15, 2015

 There's one huge reason why Western companies are being persecuted in Mainland China in a growing anti-monopoly campaign. But most Western companies, and even groups like the US Chamber of Commerce, are in the dark. It's hit Microsoft, JP Morgan and Chase, GlaxoSmithKline, car companies like General Motors, Volkswagen Audi, and through subsidiaries, Mercedes-Benz, and almost 30 others. On this episode of China Uncensored, find out how a power battle between Xi Jinping and Jiang Zemin affects American business in China.



https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=f67UW6rqX6g

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China's Tsinghua to buy Western Digital stake in U.S. tech push



(Reuters) – China’s state-backed Tsinghua Holdings Co Ltd [TSHUAA.UL] plans to buy a 15 percent stake in U.S. data storage company Western Digital Corp, a deal that could draw regulatory scrutiny amid increased national security concerns.
http://newsdaily.com/2015/09/chinas-unisplendour-to-invest-3-78-billion-in-western-digital/#4KkokSbE5WoHeBuu.99



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10 Signs China's Military Is Weaker Than You Think | China Uncensored

 May 27, 2015

 Sure China has the largest standing army in the world, with 2.3 million people, a military budget of 120 billion dollars, and experimental spider tanks. But it turns out that China's People's Liberation Army might not be as powerful as you think. And here are 10 reasons why.



 https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=eGs_dcXt-3k

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Why Does China Have So Many Billionaires?

 Aug 8, 2015

With over 300 billionaires, China's group of mega-wealthy citizens is rapidly expanding. So, why does China have so many billionaires?

 https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=CSCmc6ezllU&list=PLS0CO0PT_kEL-Qtb6i1L1ZmKanTGD4Ib-

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Socialist China's Billionaire Playboys

 Jan 28, 2013

 https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=xuTnHSRQZYY


 The Orient Excess (2013): Inside the decadent society that has resulted from three decades of Chinese economic liberalization

For downloads and more information visit: http://www.journeyman.tv/?lid=64918

Three decades of economic liberalization have radically changed the face of China. With the number of Chinese billionaires increasing rapidly, the red ideals of the past may have been discarded forever.

"You can never have enough money. Money helps me fulfill my dreams", says Li Chao, for whom expensive hobbies like motor racing are no longer out of reach. He represents a new generation of pioneering red capitalists: immodest, accustomed to success and able to spend more money in one luxury evening in Shanghai or Beijing than others can earn in a year. Others, like the real estate developer Wang Dafu, were born into poverty, but are fast becoming the embodiment of the Chinese dream. "When I started working I sometimes couldn't afford a beer and a bowl of noodles." His personal fortune is now estimated at half a billion Euros. With more and more people splashing the cash the Chinese auto market is now the largest in the world, the luxury goods market "is huge" and the art market is "booming". This is life in the new China and it's one focused on a particularly unique ideology; what one party member labels, "socialism with Chinese characteristics". But not everyone is happy with the way things are going."The Communist Party is nothing but a capitalist party through and through."




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Are China's Most Powerful Trying to Kill Each Other? | China Uncensored

 Dec 17, 2013

Xi Jinping is in Godfather mode! While trying to give off a saintly image as a progressive reformer, behind the scenes he's taking out all the other jerks that get in his way! After taking down Bo Xilai, it's now Zhou Yongkang's turn. It's said he's been put under either house arrest or shuanggui, the ultra shady internal disciplinary system of the Communist Party. Zhou is the former head of the Political and Legislative Affairs Committee and retired Politburo Standing Committee member. He also may have tried to assassinate Xi. Twice. After years as the head of China's police and security forces, torturing dissidents, and committing human rights abuses, Zhou may get a taste of his own medicine. Look out for his trail in 2014!

 https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=jMF3pqhiyPc

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China and the United Nations | China Uncensored

 Mar 27, 2014


What is China's relationship with the United Nations? One of the world's biggest violators of human rights and frequent aggressor in territorial conflicts sits not on the United Nations Security Council, but also the UN Human Rights Council as well as a democracy building committee. On top of that, it's an open secret that the Chinese Communist Party is behind several Chinese NGOs and they use them to push government policy and intimidate and spy on dissidents abroad. On this episode of China Uncensored, discover how the Chinese Communist Party manipulates the United Nations for its own purposes.

 https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=0mmfHjfNNzk


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Russia, China continue to allow human trafficking

 





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Sex Trafficking and China’s One Child Policy

 

http://thediplomat.com/2014/11/sex-trafficking-and-chinas-one-child-policy/

Trafficking of women has been an issue in China for many centuries, thanks to a long history of gender ratio imbalance and male preference.  Traditional patriarchal structures reinforce gender inequality, especially in rural areas where women are often times not afforded the same opportunities as men and are forced to submit to male authority. This inequality leaves women increasingly marginalized and vulnerable to trafficking. In the last several decades, sex trafficking has been exacerbated even further by the one child policy.

The Chinese Criminal Law defines trafficking as “the abduction, kidnapping, trading, and transporting of women and children for the purpose of selling.” Forced labor and other trafficking-related crimes are punished as other crimes and not as trafficking offenses.
Despite the ambiguity of its laws, China is not blind to the horrific violation of human dignity and rights that befalls victims of sex trafficking. It has recognized that crimes of trafficking in women and children seriously violate the individual rights of women and children and greatly harm the physical and psychological health of trafficking victims.




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Human trafficking in the People's Republic of China

 China is a source, transit, and destination country for men, women, and children who are subjected to trafficking in persons, specifically forced labor and forced prostitution. Women and children from neighboring countries including Burma, Vietnam, Laos, Mongolia, Russia and North Korea, and from locations as far as Romania and Zimbabwe are trafficked to China for commercial sexual exploitation and forced labor.

Types of Human Trafficking

Child Labor

Sex Trafficking

Forced Organ Harvesting

Surrogacy


 https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Human_trafficking_in_the_People's_Republic_of_China
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Chapter 4: Conflict & Corruption

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 The following video explains different connections, that China has to different bankers, including the Rothschilds and Rockefellers. This includes different members of Skull and Bones, and their connections to Chinese politicians and officials.


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China and the New World Order


 Nov 9, 2014

( Corbett Report )

 https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5M1KD7Dnq4s

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India and Russia back China's call for 'new world order'

February, 2015

 Russia and India added their voices on Monday to China's call for a new world order and endorsed Beijing's plans to mark the 70th anniversary of the end of the second world war...

http://www.scmp.com/news/china/article/1699900/india-russia-back-call-new-world-order?page=all



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WAR WITH CHINA IS FAST APPROACHING...

Sep 2, 2015

In today's video, Christopher Greene of AMTV reports on the China War 2015.

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=mqYSEZoNW1w

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BBC Documentary Our World Flashpoint: South China Sea english subtitles

 Jul 12, 2015


 https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=pTMpyjrUR0M


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Confucius Says, "FIGHT THE POWER!" | China Uncensored

 Aug 19, 2013

Confucius is considered China's greatest teacher and his words of wisdom have been quoted throughout the ages. Confucius also said it was the duty of the people to rebel if their leaders lack virtue. Naturally he must be destroyed. That's why the Chinese Communist Party launched an anti-Confucius campaign in the 60's and 70's. But when that didn't work out say well, they tried something different. Namely, subvert his name by creating the Confucius Institute. It's a deal with the devil basically. The Confucius Institute, operating under full support of the Chinese government, offers universities free Mandarin classes and teachers. In exchange, well, just don't question whatever they tell students in those classes.

 https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=GxyBwCC9AHE



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Why Is Hong Kong Protesting Against China?

Sep 30, 2014

 Thousands of protesters in Hong Kong have gained widespread attention in their response to recent electoral changes imposed by the Chinese Government. What exactly are these changes, and how do they affect Hong Kong's democratic aspirations?

 Protest marches and vigils are fairly common in Hong Kong, but what began on Friday and escalated dramatically on Sunday is unprecedented. Mass acts of civil disobedience were met by a shocking and swift police response, which has led to clashes in the streets and popular outrage so great that analysts can only guess at what will happen next.

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=2wzpPjVu5tg

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Taiwan's Battle To Keep China Out

Apr 29, 2015

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=kEXSF7e3d9c

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China Shows Taiwan How to Handle Protesters | China Uncensored

Apr 3, 2014

China just proved democracy doesn't work! Chinese state-run media has been criticizing Taiwan following massive protests against a China-Taiwan trade pact, and now it's China's chance to show Taiwan how it handles protesters. In the city of Maoming, Guangdong Province, people took to the streets protesting a paraxylene addition to their already existing petrochemical plant. It was a deal between local officials and state-owned oil giant Sinopec. Local officials followed protocol for how the Chinese Communist Party handles issues: the government does whatever it wants until it pushes people too far, an explosion happens, violent crackdown follows, word of it spreads on the Chinese Internet, censors try to keep pace deleting things, international media attention spotlights the problem, state-run media steps in to reassure everyone, and the local government bends.

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1uiRONEi59k&feature=iv&src_vid=xBW1lQw_WrI&annotation_id=annotation_3588593301

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China's Professional Trolls, the 50 Cent Brigade! | China Uncensored


Oct 14, 2013

China's 50 Cent Brigade, sometimes called the 50 Cent Party, are essential professional trolls. It's their job to trawl through websites, both inside and outside of China, and monitor what the public is saying about the regime and draw the conversation away from anything critical of China by instead criticizing the United States, Western involvement in international affairs, or by pointing out the flaws of democracy. China Uncensored gets plenty of these guys. Ironic since Youtube, along with Facebook and Twitter are actually banned in China. So it's not just Sina Webio these guys are on. And since China employs 2 million of Internet monitors, more than the 1.5 million the People's Liberation Army, this is clearly a new form of cyber warfare. The weapons are hacking or virus, but a careful and systematic propaganda push. And Snoopybabe.

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=SFdr4gWsGog

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 Human Flesh Search and Egyptian Graffiti | China Uncensored

 May 28, 2013

 100 points to whoever guesses where today's intro came from. Don't. Mess. With. The. Chinese. Internet. That's what 15-year-old schoolboy Ding Jinhao discovered after he at some point defaced a 3,000-year-old ancient Egyptian temple in Luxor, Egypt. It was not the mummy's curse that got him, but the HUMAN FLESH SEARCH!!!!

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=trViiLmjNGs


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Even weapons for different militaries around the world, are made in Ukraine. By invading a country such as Ukraine, the invading army trying to take over Ukraine, would try to gain more resources. This includes gaining control over the weapons market, in Ukraine.


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Chinese aircraft carrier Liaoning

 http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chinese_aircraft_carrier_Liaoning

Liaoning (16) (Chinese: 中国人民解放军海军辽宁舰; pinyin: Zhōngguó Rénmín Jiěfàngjūn Hǎijūn Liáoníng Jiàn), is the first aircraft carrier commissioned into the People's Liberation Army Navy Surface Force. She is classified as a training ship, intended to allow the Navy to practice with carrier usage.

Originally laid down as the Admiral Kuznetsov class multirole aircraft carrier Riga for the Soviet Navy, she was launched on December 4, 1988, and renamed Varyag in 1990. The stripped hulk was purchased in 1998 by the People's Republic of China and towed to Dalian Shipyard in north eastern China. After being completely rebuilt and undergoing sea trials, the ship was commissioned into the PLAN as Liaoning on September 25, 2012.

The ship was laid down as Riga at Shipyard 444 (now Nikolayev South) in Mykolaiv, Ukraine, on December 6, 1985. Design work was undertaken by the Nevskoye Planning and Design Bureau. Launched on December 4, 1988, the carrier was renamed Varyag in late 1990, after the famous cruiser. Often referred to as an aircraft carrier, the vessel's design implied a mission different from carriers of the United States Navy, Royal Navy or French Navy. The Russian term used by her builders to describe the ships is "тяжёлый авианесущий крейсер" tyazholiy avianesushchiy kreyser (TAKR or TAVKR) "heavy aircraft-carrying cruiser", intended to support strategic missile-carrying submarines, surface ships, and maritime missile-carrying aircraft of the Russian fleet. The Soviet Union and later Russia argued that the ships are not aircraft carriers under the Montreux Convention and not subject to the tonnage limits imposed on these ships in traveling through the Bosphorus.

Construction ceased by 1992, with the ship structurally complete but without electronics. With the dissolution of the Soviet Union, ownership was transferred to Ukraine; the ship was laid up, unmaintained. Ukraine immediately began searching for possible customers, and made overtures to China, which sent a high-level expert delegation in 1992. Although the delegation made a positive report on the condition of the ship, recommending a purchase, the Beijing leadership declined because of the international diplomatic situation at the time. Nevertheless, the People's Liberation Army Navy (PLAN, the Chinese navy) did not lose interest, and four years later took an independent initiative under cover of a commercial purchase.

In April 1998, Ukrainian Trade Minister Roman Shpek announced the winning bid of US$20 million from Chong Lot Travel Agency, a Hong Kong-based company, which proposed to tow Varyag out of the Black Sea, through the Suez Canal and around southern Asia to Macau, where the ship would be moored and converted into a floating hotel and casino, similar to the Kiev in Tianjin and Minsk at Minsk World in Shenzhen. Before the auction was closed, officials in Macau had warned Chong Lot that it would not be permitted to berth Varyag in the harbor. Chong Lot is owned by Chin Luck (Holdings) Company of Hong Kong; four of Chin Luck's six board members live in Yantai, China, the location of a major navy shipyard; the chairman Xu Zengping is a former career military officer and captain of a basketball team with the People's Liberation Army.[4] The sale of the carrier was successfully closed in 1998


http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chinese_aircraft_carrier_Liaoning

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BREAKING – SHOCK: Report Claims China Warships Dock in Syria to Support Russia’s Alliance With Assad

 



There is absolutely zero question Russia is positioning for proxy war with the United States. In fact, many current events indicate Russia is already at war with U.S. interests.

Take Ukraine, for instance. The U.S. wanted Ukraine aligned with NATO while Russia pushed against. The result was civil war with Russia invading Eastern Ukraine and U.S. backing forces pushing from the west.

Now Russia is moving war planes and military infrastructure into Syria to support Assad. Russia is also reportedly working with Iranian interests in preparation to confront ISIS alongside Assad. This in and of itself is incredibly dangerous. This means Iran and Russia will be fighting for Assad while the U.S. fights against him.

But it may be getting worse. Much worse.
A new report claims a Chinese aircraft carrier docked in a Syrian port while a Chinese guided missile cruiser anchored not far away. The report implies China could be preparing to join Russia and Iran in Syria.

 http://libertynews.com/2015/09/breaking-shock-report-claims-china-warships-dock-in-syria-to-support-russias-alliance-with-assad/


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Bo Xilai: Inside the Scandal - A WSJ Documentary

Jun 29, 2012

The fall of Bo Xilai, once a rising star in Chinese politics, has plunged the country into its biggest crisis since Tiananmen Square. In this documentary, The Wall Street Journal examines how his downfall has altered the debate about China's future.

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=XqaQcOS7juU


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Chinese Fake -Trillion Dollars Business | Counterfeiting (Full Documentary)


Sep 6, 2014

 https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=tVXubFu7GZM

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Sichuan Earthquake Catches CCTV in a Lie | China Uncensored

  Apr 29, 2013

Sometimes, CCTV does the work for me. On this episode of China Uncensored, Chris Chappell looks at a recent report about epidemic prevention measures being taken in Lushan following the recent Sichuan earthquake. And you'll never guess what they let slip. I'll give you a hint: it involves 16,000 dead pigs and might have something to do with the bird flu.

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=W8hj8XM6Dbk

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In China, Stomachs Turn at News of 40-Year-Old Meat Peddled by Traders

 

From rat meat masquerading as lamb to tainted milk to exploding watermelons, Chinese consumers have become inured to stomach-churning food scandals. But on Tuesday, countless people were forced to ponder the benefits of vegetarianism after news reports emerged that unscrupulous meat traders had been peddling tons of beef, pork and chicken wings that in some cases had been frozen for 40 years...

 http://www.nytimes.com/2015/06/25/world/in-china-stomachs-turn-at-news-of-traders-peddling-40-year-old-meat.html?_r=0


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China Uncensored - An Invitation to Tea (I'm Going to Kill You Bwhaha!) - China Uncensored - NTDonChina

 Jan 16, 2013

There's nothing quite as threatening as a tea party. At least, that is, when the invitation come from Chinese authorities. In a recent censorship protest outside the Chinese Newspaper, Southern Weekly, demonstrators were hauled away by police. But a select few went so far that they got "invitation to tea" messages from local top guns. And in a country that has state sponsored murder for organs, there's probably nothing at all sinister about an invitation. It's kind of like an invitation from Hannibal Lecter to drink a nice bottle of Chianti with some liver. Or from Sarah Palin.

 https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=wcW9PbSFVqQ




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 Do as Rome does

China is building the most extensive global commercial-military empire in history

 

http://qz.com/415649/china-is-building-the-most-extensive-global-commercial-military-empire-in-history/

 In any case, not all this will necessarily happen. In a recent note to clients, China observer Jonathan Fenby of the research firm Trusted Sources suggested that it may all be too ambitious. China has had a history of announcing and then shelving projects, such as a $3.7 billion railway canceled by Mexico in February amid allegations of local nepotism. Meanwhile, Japan has begun to challenge Chinese plans. It has launched rival bids for billion-dollar high-speed rail and other projects in Indonesia, Thailand and elsewhere, with relatively low-interest loans and sometimes better technology (paywall).
But Beijing seems to recognize its own limits. Rather, the world may help to build at least some of the infrastructure through another Chinese creation—the Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank, with its 57 founding members, modeled loosely on the World Bank. Projects backed by the bank are meant to be good for the country where they are built. But given China’s outsize influence in the institution, they are certain to include some that fit into its grand scheme of global infrastructure.
Xi has pledged $250 billion in investment in South America over the next 10 years. The centerpiece is a $10 billion, 3,300-mile, high-speed railroad (dotted red line above) that would start in Acu, near Rio de Janeiro, crossing the Amazon rainforest and the Andes Mountains, and terminate on the Peruvian coast. (NPR’s Tom Ashbrook conducted an excellent hour-long program on the railroad.)
On top of that, there’s an advanced proposal by Chinese billionaire Wang Jing to build a 170-mile-long, $50 billion canal through Nicaragua.

…and also across Africa


In January, China agreed with the African Union to help build railroads (map 4), roads, and airports to link all 54 African countries. These plans are already under way, including a $13 billion, 875-mile-long coastal railroad in Nigeria; a $3.8 billion, 500-mile-long railroad connecting the Kenyan cities of Nairobi and Mombasa; a $4 billion, 460-mile railway linking the Ethiopian cities of Addis Ababa and Djibouti; and a $5.6 billion, 850-mile network of rail lines in Chad.
Then there are China’s maritime ambitions. These envision modern ports in the Tanzanian capital, Dar es Salaam; the Mozambican capital, Maputo; Libreville, Gabon; the Ghanaian city of Tema; and the Senegalese capital, Dakar.
All these land and marine projects align with existing Chinese natural-resource investments on the continent. For example, the China National Petroleum Corporation (CNPC) has large oil projects in Chad and Mozambique, and Chinese manufacturers are fast setting up Ethiopian factories that rely on cheap local labor.


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China Doesn't Have a Military? | China Uncensored

Mar 31, 2013

What if George W. Bush or Barack Obama, dissolved the US military and set up their own army? Well, that's basically what's happened in China. China doesn't have an army, or any military for that matter. The People's Liberation Army, or PLA belongs entirely to the Chinese Communist Party and its job is to protect the Chinese Communist Party, not the Chinese people. On this episode of China Uncensored, Chris Chappell explains the BIG difference between the Chinese government and the Chinese Communist Party.

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=0iMz-wQ7eeE&feature=iv&src_vid=zTu5xkZhd6E&annotation_id=annotation_944683

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How Powerful Is China?

Sep 4, 2014

It's predicted that China's economy will be the largest in the world by the end of the year. On top of that, heavy defense investment could soon help them have the strongest military in the world. Is China swiftly becoming the world's biggest superpower? Not exactly, and here's why.

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=4qaoz_eXM4k

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The Hard Life of a Chinese Athlete | China Uncensored


 Jul 8, 2013


This is the cost in blood of China's lust for Olympic gold. Chinese athletes have a hard life of training in China. Take away from family, friends, even school, they train nonstop, often at the expense of an education or prospects for life after retirement. Jet Li and Yao Ming are some of the lucky ones. Others in China's fleet of gymnasts, weight lifters, sprinters, and swimmers come to a less happy ending.

 https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=k6V0JH8sOcM

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How China Spreads Hate Overseas | China Uncensored

 Aug 24, 2014

The Chinese government is controlling hate groups overseas by funneling money to them through controlled businesses. Hate crimes, intimidation, assault - all part of the game. But these groups have become more active after the fall of Zhou Yongkang. What does it mean? And how is Falun Gong tied into this? Find out on this episode of China Uncensored

 https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=RR85PbiVdY4

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Is Chinese Propaganda Invading Our Schools? | China Uncensored

Jun 25, 2014

Sure, the Confucius Institute sounds like a harmless language program being offered at your university. But it's also been accused of engaging in industrial and military espionage, has been called "an important part of China's overseas propaganda setup," by the former head of China's Propaganda Department, and is controlled by Chinese embassies and consulates. The Toronto District School Board almost got it's very own Confucius Institute. Until a massive outcry by parents unleashed a storm of protest, revealed some very shady dealings, and may have lead to the sudden retirement of Chris Bolton, the TDSB chair. Is Chinese Propaganda Invading Our Schools? Find out on this China Uncensored!


https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Tf6__FS6Y-0

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What Happened in Tiananmen Square?

Jun 4, 2015


It's been 26 years since the protests at Tiananmen Square, so we wanted to revisit the events that led up to the protests and the iconic photo of 'tank man'.

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=NdhVe2MmPbE

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World Media Summit: China's Attempt to Buy Off Your Media | China Uncensored

 Oct 25, 2013

Some of the biggest names in Western Media showed up to the World Media Summit in Hangzhou, China, but so why is it that a meeting with the likes of News Corp, The Associated Press, Reuters, CNN, the BBC, and Google didn't get reported on by any of those medias? Well that's because the event was organized by China's State-run Xinhua News Agency, essentially the mouthpiece of the Chinese Communist Party as a ploy to spread it's propaganda overseas. Perhaps it was shame keeping them quiet? On this episode of China Uncensored, see what's behind the Chinese regime's latest attempt to get its voice heard!

 https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=7RU2ZWaaiYU

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Private Investigators Under Investigation in China | China Uncensored

 Aug 2, 2013

Foreign businesses in China rely on private investigators to see through the rampant corruption and corporate fraud inherent in business dealing in China. But with the detention of two private eyes, Peter Humphrey and his Yu Yingzeng-the founders of private investigation firm ChinaWhys-the Chinese government may be sending a message that its tolerance for privation investigation is at an end. But what will that mean for the future of business in China? And whats the relation with drug maker GlaxoSmithKline?

 https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=e4xBbTPy3kY


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Chapter 5: China & Genetically modified organisms

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Chinese Government Sued for Genetically Modified Food

April 21, 2015



Chinese citizens have filed a lawsuit against China's Ministry of Agriculture, demanding that the agency make public an animal study used to approve Monsanto's Roundup herbicide nearly three decades ago.

Monsanto provided the animal test to the Ministry in 1985, but to date the Chinese government has refused to release the report, citing Monsanto's right to protect their commercial secrets.

The lawsuit is demanding increased transparency over Roundup, with Chinese citizens eager to review the supposed "safety" study used for its approval. The case has been accepted but a date for a hearing has not yet been set.


While genetically modified (GM) food crops are banned for cultivation in China, the government is reportedly "trying to foster positive public opinion of GMO food crops."

The country also imports 65 percent of the world's soybeans, many of which are GM and doused with Monsanto's Roundup. China is also the biggest producer of Roundup worldwide.



 http://articles.mercola.com/sites/articles/archive/2015/04/21/china-gmo-foods.aspx

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China launches media campaign to back genetically modified crop

 Sep 30, 2014


China's government has kicked off a media campaign in support of genetically modified crops, as it battles a wave of negative publicity over a technology it hopes will play a major role in boosting its food security.

The agriculture ministry earlier this week announced it would try to educate the public on GMO via TV, newspapers and the Internet.
It hopes to stifle anti-GMO sentiment that has gathered momentum in the wake of incidents such as reports that genetically-modified rice had been illegally sold at a supermarket in the center of the country.


 http://www.reuters.com/article/2014/09/30/us-china-gmo-idUSKCN0HP13X20140930

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China Stealing American GMO Seeds | China Uncensored

Dec 19, 2013

The FBI has been investigating two separate cases of involving theft of genetically modified wheat and rice seeds from American companies by China. The US loses billions in intellectual property theft to China. Of course, since many people seem to be afraid of GMO food and seeds because of the unknown consequences to the environment and health, you got wonder, would anyone really want Chinese knockoff GMO franken food?

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=9oc_MTAwQvs qqq



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Gene-edited 'micropigs' to be sold as pets at Chinese institute

The pigs are endearing but scientists warn that they may be a distraction from more serious research.



Cutting-edge gene-editing techniques have produced an unexpected byproduct — tiny pigs that a leading Chinese genomics institute will soon sell as pets.
BGI in Shenzhen, the genomics institute that is famous for a series of high-profile breakthroughs in genomic sequencing, originally created the micropigs as models for human disease, by applying a gene-editing technique to a small breed of pig known as Bama. On 23 September, at the Shenzhen International Biotech Leaders Summit in China, BGI revealed that it would start selling the pigs as pets. The animals weigh about 15 kilograms when mature, or about the same as a medium-sized dog.
At the summit, the institute quoted a price tag of 10,000 yuan (US$1,600) for the micropigs, but that was just to "help us better evaluate the market”, says Yong Li, technical director of BGI’s animal-science platform. In future, customers will be offered pigs with different coat colours and patterns, which BGI says it can also set through gene editing.

 http://www.nature.com/news/gene-edited-micropigs-to-be-sold-as-pets-at-chinese-institute-1.18448?WT.mc_id=SFB_NNEWS_1508_RHBox


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Scientists create glow-in-the-dark pigs using jellyfish DNA

 December 30, 2013

 Scientists at the South China Agricultural University announced last week that they had successfully engineered 10 piglets that could glow green under black light. By using a technique pioneered by the University of Hawaii at Manoa School of Medicine, the researchers were able to isolate a fluorescent protein in jellyfish DNA and inject it into pig embryos.

 http://www.theverge.com/2013/12/30/5256732/scientists-create-glow-in-the-dark-pigs-using-jellyfish-dna

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Top 10 Chinese Food Scandals

27 Apr 2011

 http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/worldnews/asia/china/8476080/Top-10-Chinese-Food-Scandals.html

Glow-in-the-dark pork
Reports and photographs surfaced last month showing pork that glowed an eerie, iridescent blue when the kitchen lights were turned off. Online users dubbed it “Avatar” meat and remained sceptical despite reassurances from the Shanghai Health Supervision Department which said the pork that has been contaminated by a phosphorescent bacteria and was still safe eat if well-cooked.

‘Lean meat powder’ pork
China has fought a long-running battle with the use of the steroid clenbuterol in pork production. Known as ‘lean meat powder’, it can cause dizziness, heart palpitations, diarrhoea and profuse sweating. The most recent case occurred last March in a stock market-listed pork producer, but China has acknowledged 18 outbreaks of food-related clenbuterol poisoning between 1998 and 2007, according to a report on the Shanghai Food Safety website.

Toxic take-away boxes
In April 2010 more than 7m toxic disposable food containers were seized in eastern province of Jiangxi. Although banned in 1999, the foam-boxes are still in widespread use in China, releasing toxic elements when warmed by food. The chemicals have the potential to damage livers, kidneys and reproductive organs.

‘Sewer’ oil
An undercover investigation by a professor from Wuhan Polytechnic University in March 2010 estimated that one in 10 of all meals in China were cooked using recycled oil, often scavenged from the drains beneath restaurants. The State Food and Drug Administration issued a nationwide emergency ordering an investigation into the scandal of the so-called ‘sewer’ oil, which further dented public confidence in the food industry.


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Chinese scientists genetically modify human embryos

Rumours of germline modification prove true — and look set to reignite an ethical debate.

In a world first, Chinese scientists have reported editing the genomes of human embryos. The results are published1 in the online journal Protein & Cell and confirm widespread rumours that such experiments had been conducted — rumours that sparked a high-profile debate last month2, 3 about the ethical implications of such work.
In the paper, researchers led by Junjiu Huang, a gene-function researcher at Sun Yat-sen University in Guangzhou, tried to head off such concerns by using 'non-viable' embryos, which cannot result in a live birth, that were obtained from local fertility clinics. The team attempted to modify the gene responsible for β-thalassaemia, a potentially fatal blood disorder, using a gene-editing technique known as CRISPR/Cas9. The researchers say that their results reveal serious obstacles to using the method in medical applications.

Serious obstacles

The team injected 86 embryos and then waited 48 hours, enough time for the CRISPR/Cas9 system and the molecules that replace the missing DNA to act — and for the embryos to grow to about eight cells each. Of the 71 embryos that survived, 54 were genetically tested. This revealed that just 28 were successfully spliced, and that only a fraction of those contained the replacement genetic material. “If you want to do it in normal embryos, you need to be close to 100%,” Huang says. “That’s why we stopped. We still think it’s too immature.”

His team also found a surprising number of ‘off-target’ mutations assumed to be introduced by the CRISPR/Cas9 complex acting on other parts of the genome. This effect is one of the main safety concerns surrounding germline gene editing because these unintended mutations could be harmful. The rates of such mutations were much higher than those observed in gene-editing studies of mouse embryos or human adult cells. And Huang notes that his team likely only detected a subset of the unintended mutations because their study looked only at a portion of the genome, known as the exome. “If we did the whole genome sequence, we would get many more,” he says.

Ethical questions

Huang says that the paper was rejected by Nature and Science, in part because of ethical objections; both journals declined to comment on the claim. (Nature’s news team is editorially independent of its research editorial team.)

 http://www.nature.com/news/chinese-scientists-genetically-modify-human-embryos-1.17378


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What 3-Parent Babies Mean For The Future Of Reproductive Medicine

Bespoke embryos raise ethical questions for lawmakers and bioethicists alike

February 10, 2015

Last week members of the British House of Commons passed a bill legalizing mitochondrial DNA transfers--a process that combines three different sets of DNA to create an embryo. That means one day, it could be possible for children in the United Kingdom to have DNA from three parents.
Although the bill cleared the Commons by a vote of 382-128, it needs approval from the House of Lords before it can be enacted. Even with overwhelming government support, however, debate about the procedure is far from over.

http://www.popsci.com/uk-one-step-closer-using-dna-3-people-make-babies

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Many different countries, have attempted to ban the use of genetically modified organisms, in the use of food.

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Russia Warns Obama of World War over Monsanto GMO Food and Syngenta!

 Jun 4, 2013

 Putin of Russia has come out and told John Kerry that if Obama and Company do Not change or fix this mess with Monsanto....That it Will lead to World War !

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=FYp6NidnFNs

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Russia Warns Obama: Global War Over “Bee Apocalypse” Coming Soon


May 10th, 2013

The shocking minutes relating to President Putin’s meeting this past week with US Secretary of State John Kerry reveal the Russian leaders “extreme outrage” over the Obama regimes continued protection of global seed and plant bio-genetic giants Syngenta and Monsanto in the face of a growing “bee apocalypse” that the Kremlin warns “will most certainly” lead to world war.
According to these minutes, released in the Kremlin today by the Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment of the Russian Federation (MNRE), Putin was so incensed over the Obama regimes refusal to discuss this grave matter that he refused for three hours to even meet with Kerry, who had traveled to Moscow on a scheduled diplomatic mission, but then relented so as to not cause an even greater rift between these two nations.

At the center of this dispute between Russia and the US, this MNRE report says, is the “undisputed evidence” that a class of neuro-active insecticides chemically related to nicotine, known as neonicotinoids, are destroying our planets bee population, and which if left unchecked could destroy our world’s ability to grow enough food to feed its population.

http://www.eutimes.net/2013/05/russia-warns-obama-global-war-over-bee-apocalypse-coming-soon/

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We need to have ethical ways, for producing food for the people of the planet. We can see the environmental damage, from companies such as Monsanto & DuPont. We do not want companies, such as Monsanto, to threaten the lives of the people of this planet. We can see some of the good things, coming from modified stem cells, for medical applications. However, we can see the problems with the harm that Monsanto has done to the planet. This is why we need to have more debates, about these types of scientific experiments. We do not need these events, to  lead to violence and war. For more information, view our website, Http://MonsantoInvestigation.com .

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Chapter 6: China, North Korea, Uranium & Nuclear technology


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Timeline of the North Korean nuclear program


This Chronology of the North Korean Nuclear Program has its roots in the 1950s and begins in earnest in 1989 with the end of the Cold War and the decline of the USSR as the main economic ally of North Korea. The Chronology mainly addresses the conflict between the United States and North Korea, while including the influences of the other members of the Six-Party Talks, China, Russia, South Korea, and Japan.



Phase I

  • 1956: The Soviet Union begins training North Korean scientists and engineers, giving them "basic knowledge" to initiate a nuclear program.
  • 1958: The U.S. deploys nuclear armed Honest John missiles and 280 mm atomic cannons to South Korea.
  • 1959: North Korea and the USSR sign a nuclear cooperation agreement.
  • 1962: The Yongbyon Nuclear Scientific Research Center opens.
  • 1965: The Yongbyon IRT-2000 research reactor reaches a power rating of 2 MW.
  • 1974: The Yongbyon IRT-2000 research reactor reaches a power rating of 4 MW.
  • Between the late 1970s and early 1980s North Korea begins uranium mining operations at various locations near Sunchon and Pyongsan.



Phase III


2002

  • 11 December: North Korean-made Scud missiles are found aboard a ship bound for Yemen. The US illegally detains the ship, but is later forced to allow the ship to go, conceding that neither country has broken any law.
  • 12 December: The North pledges to reactivate nuclear facilities for energy generation, saying the Americans' decision to halt oil shipments leaves it with no choice. It claims the US wrecked the 1994 pact.
  • 13 December: North Korea asks the UN's International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) to remove seals and surveillance equipment - the IAEA's "eyes and ears" on the North's nuclear status—from its Yongbyon power plant.
  • 22 December: The North begins removing monitoring devices from the Yongbyon plant.
  • 24 December: North Korea begins repairs at the Yongbyon plant. North-South Korea talks over reopening road and rail border links, which have been struggling on despite the increased tension, finally stall.
  • 25 December: It emerges that North Korea had begun shipping fuel rods to the Yongbyon plant which could be used to produce plutonium.
  • 26 December: The IAEA expresses concern in the light of UN confirmation that 1,000 fuel rods have been moved to the Yongbyon reactor.
  • 27 December: North Korea says it is expelling the two IAEA nuclear inspectors from the country. It also says it is planning to reopen a reprocessing plant, which could start producing weapons grade plutonium within months.[13]

Phase IV

2003

  • 2 January: South Korea asks China to use its influence with North Korea to try to reduce tension over the nuclear issue, and two days later Russia offers to press Pyongyang to abandon its nuclear programme.
  • 6 January: The IAEA passes a resolution demanding that North Korea readmit UN inspectors and abandon its secret nuclear weapons programme "within weeks", or face possible action by the UN Security Council.[16]
  • 7 January: The US says it is "willing to talk to North Korea about how it meets its obligations to the international community". But it "will not provide quid pro quos to North Korea to live up to its existing obligations".[17]
  • 9 January: North Korea sends diplomats to meet with New Mexico governor Bill Richardson about the nuclear crisis;[18] North Korea also agrees to hold cabinet-level talks with South Korea on 21 January.
  • 10 January: North Korea announces it will withdraw from the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty.

2006


9 October: North Korea announces that it has performed its first-ever nuclear weapon test.



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Why China Supports North Korea

 Dec 1, 2014

China is one of the few countries still maintaining a strong relationship with the most hostile country in the world: North Korea. Just how close are the two nations?

 https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Ffg7Xnoniho&feature=youtu.be&list=PLS0CO0PT_kEL-Qtb6i1L1ZmKanTGD4Ib-

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The China-North Korea Relationship


 August 22, 2014

 http://www.cfr.org/china/china-north-korea-relationship/p11097
An Historic Alliance Under Stress
China's support for North Korea dates back to the Korean War (1950-1953), when its troops flooded the Korean Peninsula to aid its northern ally. Since the war, China has lent political and economic backing to North Korea's leaders: Kim Il-sung (1912-1994), Kim Jong-il (1941-2011), and Kim Jong-un (1983-). But strains in the relationship began to surface when Pyongyang tested a nuclear weapon in October 2006 and China supported UN Security Council Resolution 1718, which imposed sanctions on Pyongyang.
Pyongyang's Gains
China provides North Korea with most of its food and energy supplies and comprises over sixty percent of its total trade volume. Nicholas Eberstadt, senior fellow at the American Enterprise Institute, says that since the early 1990s, China has served as North Korea's chief food supplier and has accounted for nearly 90 percent of its energy imports. North Korea's economic dependence on China continues to grow, as indicated by the significant trade imbalance between the two countries. Some experts see the $1.25 billion trade deficit as an indirect Chinese subsidy, given that North Korea cannot finance its trade deficit through borrowing.

Experts say China has also been ambivalent on the question of its commitment to intervene for the defense of North Korea in case of military conflict. The 1961 Sino-North Korean Treaty of Friendship, Cooperation, and Mutual Assistance says China is obliged to defend North Korea against unprovoked aggression. But Jaewoo Choo, assistant professor of Chinese foreign policy at Kyung Hee University in South Korea, writes in Asian Survey that "China conceives itself to have the right to make an authoritative interpretation of the "principle for intervention" in the treaty. As a result of changes in regional security in a post-Cold War world, he writes, "China now places more value on national interest, over alliances blinded by ideology." But, he argues, Chinese ambiguity deters others from taking military action against Pyongyang.

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How China Will Deal With North Korea - China Uncensored - NTDonChina

 Feb 19, 2013

China's been sheltering North Korea from serious UN intervention for years now. That's all well and good until they DETONATE A NUKE! You can't hug your children with nuclear arms. The radiation would kill them. The Chinese regime has been blocking stronger sanctions on the rogue nation because it makes the CCP look good by comparison. And it's pretty hard to find something that looks worse than Tiananmen Square. On this episode of China Uncensored, Chris Chappell examines China's tight rope relationship with North Korea and how it could be backfiring. Start stocking up on Twinkies. You'll need something to eat after nuclear Armageddon. 

 https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=2y3vhZczZzA&feature=iv&src_vid=zTu5xkZhd6E&annotation_id=annotation_865203

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Korean War in Colour (Documentary)

 Mar 29, 2013

 https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=iIobfyaiAUU




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North Korea and weapons of mass destruction


 https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/North_Korea_and_weapons_of_mass_destruction

Exports related to ballistic missile technology

Export partners

Many countries have bought North Korean ballistic missiles or have received assistance from North Korea to establish local missile production.

Pakistan
Iran
Egypt
Libya
Syria
United Arab Emirates
Vietnam
Yemen


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Radioactive coal ash from mines near uranium deposits falls on China cities



http://chinadailymail.com/2012/11/19/radioactive-coal-ash-from-mines-near-uranium-deposits-falls-on-china-cities/

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Even transporting uranium, can be hazardous to the environment.


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Uranium shipping is yet another industrial threat to the Great Barrier Reef

Tue 19 March 2013

 The announcement by the Queensland Government that it will not rule out shipping uranium through the Great Barrier Reef will escalate the threats to the Reef from rapid industrialisation, increased shipping and ship groundings, according to the Australian Marine Conservation Society.

Great Barrier Reef Campaign Director, Felicity Wishart, said yesterday’s announcement from the Queensland Government is alarming, given the push for development of mega-ports and a shipping super highway already underway along the Reef.

“This is yet another example of the Queensland Government being prepared to put the short-term profits of industry ahead of the long-term benefit of a $6 billion tourism industry that relies on a healthy Reef,” Ms Wishart said.

“In addition to constructing mega coal terminals, the Queensland Government is now considering allowing toxic radioactive uranium to be shipped inside the Reef.

“Current coal and gas expansion will see 7,000 ships criss-crossing the Reef every year, but that number could be even higher with uranium ships also allowed to cut through the Reef,” she said.

"The Great Barrier Reef is one of the great natural wonders of the world. We will be holding the government to account for every new plan they announce to trash the Reef.

http://www.marineconservation.org.au/news.php/49/uranium-shipping-is-yet-another-

industrial-threat-to-the-great-barrier-reef


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French energy giant signs uranium deal with Mongolia

Energy giant Areva will develop two uranium mines in the Gobi desert




French nuclear energy giant Areva signed a deal with Mongolia's state-owned Mon-Atom on Saturday to develop two uranium mines in the Gobi desert, officials said.

Areva said in a statement that the agreement would create a company that would be 66 percent owned by Areva and 34 owned by Mon-Atom, and that Japan's Mitsubishi Corporation would take an equity interest.


http://www.i24news.tv/en/news/economy/131026-french-energy-giant-signs-uranium-deal-with-mongolia

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 The Mitsubishi company used slave labor, from prisoners of war, in World War II. The family that runs the Mitsubishi corporation, controls a good portion of Japan, financially.


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Mitsubishi Materials apologizes for using US prisoners of war as slave labor

  19 July 2015

Japanese construction company regrets ‘the tragic events in our past’ when captured American soldiers were used as slave labor during second world war

 http://www.theguardian.com/world/2015/jul/20/mitsubishi-materials-apologizes-for-using-us-prisoners-of-war-as-slave-labor




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Fukushima nuclear materials reported off China coast near Taiwan — Official: “The authority will publish relevant information in a timely manner once any threat is detected”


March 21st, 2013
 http://enenews.com/fukushima-nuclear-materials-reported-off-china-coast-official-the-authority-will-publish-relevant-information-in-a-timely-manner-once-any-threat-is-detected


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Japanese researcher fears Mongolian nomads suffering from radiation exposure

December 18, 2013

 http://ajw.asahi.com/article/behind_news/people/AJ201312180006
 
A Japanese researcher has turned to the nomads of Mongolia to help her document the extent of radioactive contamination in the landlocked Asian nation.
Ryoko Imaoka, an associate professor of Mongolian studies at Osaka University, has been supplying used cameras to the nomads of the Mongolian steppe so they can document the frequency of deformed livestock, which appears to be on the increase, particularly near uranium mines.
“With the transition to a market-based economy rapidly in progress, environmental pollution is becoming a serious problem,” said Imaoka, 51. “When eating their livestock, nothing goes to waste--even the last drop of blood. That is Mongolian culture. (The disposal of nuclear waste there) would definitely affect the people.”
A French-Mongolian joint venture started experimental drilling three years ago in southern Mongolia in the search for uranium. Shortly thereafter, increased reports of deformities and birth defects in livestock near the area started to appear.
Even though the correlation between mining and the deformities has yet to be proven, reports included the birth of two-headed lambs and blind camels. Other animals are also suffering from skin ulcers and blood clots in their bodies.
News of the birth defects comes amid reports that both Japan and the United States are or were looking at the possibility of dumping spent nuclear waste in Mongolia.
In the abandoned mining town of Mardai, in northeastern Mongolia, one of the possible storage sites considered by Japan and the United States, radioactive waste left over from the large-scale Soviet mining operations still remains.
The Society of Mongolian Studies, which Imaoka belongs to, featured the nuclear issue in its journal this summer. It also carried an essay from Imaoka.
In addition, she is translating a Japanese booklet into Mongolian on how to protect children from radiation exposure.




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Different reports have surfaced, about the safety of nuclear power plants in Taiwan.



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Taiwan's First Nuclear Power Plant In Shihmen May Have Been Leaking Radioactive Water For 3 Years




http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2013/08/09/taiwan-nuclear-power-plant-leak_n_3729659.html

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Tritium release from nuclear power plants in Taiwan.

2003 Mar

 Tritium is produced in light water reactors from various sources and the design source terms for both BWR and PWR plants are reviewed. The chemical forms of tritium produced in the coolant are discussed in terms of water radiolysis and free radical reactions in the reactor core regions, and the major form of tritium released from the coolant systems is confirmed to be tritiated water. The tritium activity concentrations and inventories in various coolant systems have been measured, and the release pathways of tritium from nuclear power plants are also reviewed in this paper. Decreasing trends of tritium release from nuclear power plants in both liquid waste and ventilation sources have been observed in Taiwan. The impact of tritium release on environmental radiation is estimated with well-established screening models, and the results confirm that the impact is less than 1% of the regulatory limits and less than 0.1% of the natural radiation background.


http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/12645771

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Chapter 7: Islam & China

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Islam most popular religion with young Chinese



http://europe.newsweek.com/islam-most-popular-religion-young-chinese-329967

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China's Ruthless Crackdown On Its Muslim Population 

 Oct 1, 2014

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=C5IwwnP5e78

Crackdown: The report on Uigher protests that broke relations between China and Australia

Xinjiang province has long been the site of ethnic tensions between the Uighur population and Chinese rule. Amid fears that fanatical Uighurs are aligning with foreign extremists, the state crackdown is fiercer than ever.

"A normal person wouldn't raise a butcher's knife to the elderly and children. Can we still call them human beings?", asks policeman Ainiding Memtimin. In May he was on the scene when a group of extremists threw explosives into a busy Urumqi marketplace, killing 39 people. A Uighur himself, like most locals he is baffled by such drastic violent acts. Yet the tensions that have simmered in this region are sitting on a knife edge. "Injustice is everywhere here, but we can't talk about it", says one Uighur farmer in a snatched interview. On Xinjiang's highways, cars are now being stopped for full airport-style security checks. The government keeps a close eye on religious institutions and veils for women and beards for men are actively discouraged. Teaching in the Uighur language is disappearing in schools and it's almost non-existent at universities. And it isn't just the Uighurs feeling the crackdown; enormous numbers of Han Chinese have been pressed into the province to water down the Uighurs' presence and influence. In some towns, payments are being offered for inter-marriage. But is China's central government using a sledgehammer to crack a nut? This report doggedly pushes past the press restrictions and government minders to tackle this difficult question.
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Many Buddhists are concerned with Islamic expansion, in areas where there is heavy influence, from the Islamic religion. Many Buddhists have even gone to the extremes, to use violence against Muslims, in Burma. We can often see how different Islamic extremists, have used violence, in many different countries as well. Many question how we can solve these religious conflicts.

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Burma Buddhists kill scores of Muslims, says UN

Presidential spokesman Ye Htut said he “strongly objects” to the UN claims and called its information and figures “totally wrong.

 Jan 24 2014


YANGON, BURMA—The United Nations has confirmed that at least 48 Muslims appear to have been killed when Buddhist mobs attacked a village in an isolated corner of western Burma, violence that has been vehemently denied by the government since it was first reported by The Associated Press just over a week ago.

Presidential spokesman Ye Htut said he “strongly objects” to the UN claims and called its information and figures “totally wrong.”

 http://www.thestar.com/news/world/2014/01/24/burma_buddhists_kill_scores_of_muslims_says_un.html

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India calls Pakistan 'prime sponsor of terrorism', asks it to vacate PoK


WASHINGTON: Bluntly calling Pakistan a ''prime sponsor of terrorism,'' India on Wednesday asked Islamabad to vacate the part of Kashmir it has occupied, virtually laying down a new paradigm for any resolution of the issue.

''Pakistan is not primary victim of terrorism but of its own policies. It is in fact the prime sponsor of terrorism. Pakistan's instability arises from its breeding of terrorists. Blaming neighbors is not a solution,'' Spokesman of India's Ministry of External Affairs Vikas Swarup said in a series of tweets on Wednesday.
      http://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/india/India-calls-Pakistan-prime-sponsor-of-terrorism-asks-it-to-vacate-PoK/articleshow/49175779.cms        



 

 

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Did China Lie About Tiananmen Terrorist Attack? (w/t Chinese subtitles) | China Uncensored

 Nov 4, 2013

 Terrorism is pretty serious. I should know, I live in New York. That's why I would hope that if the Jeep that crashed through Tiananmen Square last week really was a suicide attack, the Chinese regime would be open and honest about the evidence for it. Instead they're blaming it on Uighur Muslim extremists from Xinjiang, while cracking down on any independent information or reporting on what happened. And since there are some pretty big questions lingering over the whole thing, the official response is making the whole thing sound pretty fishy.

 

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=d2ToOFkjRLA

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The Real Reason Putin is Fighting ISIS

 Sep 28, 2015

 https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=lX_mSGXRlsI

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 A big problem in the world is religious zealots, from different religions. Even wars have been fought, in the name of many different beliefs and religions. Some people even question, if the world would be better off, without many of these conflicts. Many people think that it is not always the fault of certain religions. They claim that the events of extremism, being carried about by individuals, in the name of a religion or faith, is harming the planet in many different ways. We should stop the spread of Islam across the globe.



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Putin: Who created ISIS?

 Sep 25, 2015

 https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=VbZDyr2LkdI

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Lavrov refutes accusations that Russian airstrikes did not target ISIS

Sep 30, 2015

 US military officials have alleged that Russia's air strikes against Islamic State are not actually hitting their stated target, according to the US Secretary of Defence Ashton Carter. Sergey Lavrov has refuted the rumors of Russian airstrikes hitting non-terrorist infrastructure in Syria as groundless, emphasizing that there have been no verified reports of any civilian casualties. RT's Egor Piskunov went deeper into Lavrov's answer to the American accusations.

 https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=VMZcOdNrRX4

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 Chapter 8: The Vatican & China
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Jesuit China missions

 https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jesuit_China_missions

 

Jesuits in China

The arrival of Jesuits



 The history of the missions of the Jesuits in China is part of the history of relations between China and the Western world. The missionary efforts and other work of the Society of Jesus, or Jesuits, between the 16th and 17th century played a significant role in continuing the transmission of knowledge, science, and culture between China and the West, and had an impact on Christian culture in Chinese society today.

 Contacts between Asia and the West already dated back hundreds of years, especially between the Papacy and the Mongol Empire in the 13th century. Numerous traders – most famously Marco Polo – had traveled between eastern and western Eurasia. Christianity was not new to the Mongols, as many had practiced Christianity of the Church of the East since the 7th century (see Christianity among the Mongols). However, the overthrow of the Mongol Yuan Dynasty by the Ming in 1368 resulted in a strong assimilatory pressure on China's Muslim, Jewish, and Christian communities, and outside influences were forced out of China. By the 16th century, there is no reliable information about any practicing Christians remaining in China.


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Jesuit China missions

http://www.newworldencyclopedia.org/entry/Jesuit_China_missions

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Rome Reborn: The Vatican Library & Renaissance Culture
How Rome Went to China

 http://www.loc.gov/exhibits/vatican/romechin.html

How Rome Went to China

From the 1540s, Jesuit missionaries in East Asia tried to convert the Chinese and Japanese to Christianity, as part of the Counter-Reformation drive to win the world back to Rome. The Japanese mission failed quickly, but the Chinese one seemed immensely promising. Jesuits like Matteo Ricci learned Chinese, mastered the canon of classic Confucian texts, dressed as mandarins, and joined the imperial court. They showed the Chinese intellectuals that the west had superior skills in some areas that the Chinese recognized as vital, like cartography and astronomy, and they translated accounts of western ideas and Christian doctrine into Chinese for their converts. For a time their mission prospered. Meanwhile the Vatican, which controlled and managed the missionary enterprise, became a great repository both of the works the Jesuits produced in Eastern languages and of texts and works of art that they sent back. By the middle of the seventeenth century, the famous Roman Jesuit Athanasius Kircher could try to study Chinese in Rome. He insisted that the Chinese tradition was as old and profound as that of the Egyptians (indeed, he saw Chinese ideograms and Egyptian hieroglyphs as deriving from the same roots). Some argued that Chinese culture was actually more moral and pious than European. Like earlier humanist efforts to find pagan sages who could teach Christians basic truths, the Jesuits' Chinese enterprise, too, eventually failed. But the Vatican's holdings wonderfully exemplify the fragile, fascinating bridge of texts and images which the Jesuits built in order to reach, understand--and convert--the most foreign of cultures.






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One World Religion: Former Israeli President Proposes Pope to Head ‘UN for Religions’

 May 4th, 2015


http://www.thedailysheeple.com/new-world-religious-order-former-israeli-president-proposed-for-pope-to-run-un-for-religions_052015

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Peres proposes ‘UN for religions’ to pope at Vatican

  09/05/2014

 http://www.jpost.com/Israel-News/Politics-And-Diplomacy/Peres-proposes-UN-for-religions-to-pope-at-Vatican-374526

VATICAN CITY – Former president Shimon Peres emerged from a Vatican City audience with Pope Francis Thursday after proposing a kind of United Nations for religions.

Peres, 91, who was the world’s oldest head of state until his term ended six weeks ago, met with Francis amid heightened tensions in the Middle East.

He used the talks to highlight human rights abuses from Hamas and to discuss the rise of anti-Semitism in Europe.

But the main topic of conversation was Peres’s idea to create a UN-like organization he called “the United Religions.”

Peres said the Argentina-born pontiff was the only world figure respected enough to bring an end to the wars raging in the Middle East and elsewhere in the world.

“In the past, most of the wars in the world were motivated by the idea of nationhood,” Peres said. “But today, wars are incited using religion as an excuse.”

Vatican spokesman Fr. Federico Lombardi confirmed to reporters that Peres had pitched his idea for “the United Religions” but said Francis did not commit to it.

“The pope listened, showing his interest, attention, and encouragement,” Lombardi said, adding that the pope pointed to the Pontifical Councils for Interreligious Dialogue and for Justice and Peace as existing agencies “suitable” for supporting interfaith peace initiatives.


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5 Chinese Leaders You Should Know

Kublai Khan (1279-1294)

 http://www.history.com/news/5-chinese-leaders-you-should-know

Mongol leader Genghis Khan began launching raids into present-day China almost immediately after uniting the nomadic tribes of the Mongolian plateau in 1206. His grandson Kublai Khan completed the conquest in 1279, bringing all of China under foreign rule for the first time. Kublai, who founded the Yuan Dynasty, deemed the Chinese legally inferior and recruited outsiders such as Venetian merchant Marco Polo to administer the realm.

But Kublai also tried hard to win the support of the populace, repairing the damage of war, loosening his predecessor’s draconian penal code, promoting the arts and expanding the efficient Mongolian postal system into China. Moreover, he posthumously gave his ancestors Chinese names and built a Chinese-style imperial capital in what is now Beijing. Despite suffering from depression and gout, not to mention morbid obesity, Kublai held a firm grip on power until his death in 1294. The Mongol empire started crumbling soon afterward, and the Yuan Dynasty was overthrown in 1368.


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In the year 1580, one of the predominant religions in Russia, was the Russian Orthodox Church.  During this time-period, many wars were taking place, including the invasion of Siberia.


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Russian Orthodox Church

 https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Russian_Orthodox_Church

The Russian Orthodox Church, alternatively legally known as the Moscow Patriarchate, is one of the autocephalous Eastern Orthodox churches, in full communion with other Eastern Orthodox patriarchates. The Primate of the ROC is the Patriarch of Moscow and all Rus'.

 https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Russian_Orthodox_Church


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Eastern Orthodox Church

 https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Eastern_Orthodox_Church

The Eastern Orthodox Church, officially the Orthodox Catholic Church, also referred to as the Orthodox Church, Eastern Orthodoxy, and Orthodoxy, is the second largest Christian Church in the world, with an estimated 225–300 million adherents. It tends to be the Church identified most often with the single term "Orthodox", as it is the largest among the Christian groups that call themselves by this name. The Orthodox Church is one of the oldest religious institutions in the world, teaching that it is the continuation of the One, Holy, Catholic and Apostolic Church established by Jesus Christ in his Great Commission to the apostles, and practicing what it understands to be the original faith passed down from the Apostles (Holy Tradition).

United in communion with the Latin Church for the first half of its history and with the Oriental churches for the first quarter of its history, Orthodoxy spread throughout the Roman and later Byzantine Empires and beyond, playing a prominent role in European, Near Eastern, Slavic, and some African cultures. Its most prominent episcopal see has resided in Constantinople since that city's founding in AD 324, centuries before the East–West Schism around 1054. Nevertheless, Orthodoxy has no Papacy or bishopric of similar authority. The commonly-used but unofficial designation of "eastern" derives from its geographical placement in relation to the "western" churches, which became (Roman) Catholic, and the historical function of Constantinople as the capital city of the eastern part of the Roman Empire.




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Russian conquest of Siberia

Conquest of the Khanate of Sibir

 https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Russian_conquest_of_Siberia

The Russian conquest of Siberia began in July 1580 when some 540 Cossacks under Yermak Timofeyevich invaded the territory of the Voguls, subjects to Küçüm, the Khan of Siberia. They were accompanied by 300 Lithuanian and German slave laborers, whom the Stroganovs had purchased from the tsar. Throughout 1581, this force traversed the territory known as Yugra and subdued Vogul and Ostyak towns. At this time, they also captured a tax collector of Küçüm.
Following a series of Tatar raids in retaliation against the Russian advance, Yermak's forces prepared for a campaign to take Qashliq, the Siberian capital. The force embarked in May 1582. After a three-day battle on the banks of the river Irtysh, Yermak was victorious against a combined force of Küçüm Khan and six allied Tatar princes. On 29 June, the Cossack forces were attacked by the Tatars but again repelled them.

Throughout September 1582, the Khan gathered his forces for a defence of Qashliq. A horde of Siberian Tatars, Voguls and Ostyaks massed at Mount Chyuvash to defend against invading Cossacks. On 1 October, a Cossack attempt to storm the Tatar fort at Mount Chyuvash was held off. On 23 October, the Cossacks attempted to storm the Tatar fort at Mount Chyuvash for a fourth time when the Tatars counterattacked. More than a hundred Cossacks were killed, but their gunfire forced a Tatar retreat and allowed the capture of two Tatar cannons. The forces of the Khan retreated, and Yermak entered Qashliq on 26 October.

Küçüm Khan retreated into the steppes and over the next few years regrouped his forces. He suddenly attacked Yermak on 6 August 1584 in the dead of night and defeated most of his army. The details are disputed with Russian sources claiming Yermak was wounded and tried to escape by swimming across the Wagay River which is a tributary of the Irtysh River, but drowned under the weight of his own chainmail. The remains of Yermak's forces under the command of Mescheryak retreated from Qashliq, destroying the city as they left. In 1586 the Russians returned, and after subduing the Khanty and Mansi people through the use of their artillery they established a fortress at Tyumen close to the ruins of Qashliq. The Tatar tribes that were submissive to Küçüm Khan suffered from several attacks by the Russians between 1584–1595; however, Küçüm Khan would not be caught. Finally, in August 1598 Küçüm Khan was defeated at the Battle of Urmin near the river Ob. In the course of the fight the Siberian royal family were captured by the Russians. However, Küçüm Khan escaped yet again. The Russians took the family members of Küçüm Khan to Moscow and there they remained as hostages. The descendants of the khan's family became known as the Princes Sibirsky and the family is known to have survived until at least the late 19th century.


https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Russian_conquest_of_Siberia


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 We can see the influence in Catholicism, in many different cultures and regions in the world. 

There are many different versions of Christianity.

Often, Christianity gets blamed as a whole, for many of the actions of war, including the Crusades, carried out by the offices of the Vatican, in past history.



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 The Jesuits in Japan



 http://www.reformation.org/jesuits-in-japan.html

True Christianity reached China and Japan 2000 years:
Behold, these shall come from afar: and, lo, these from the north and from the west; and these from the land of Sinim (Isaiah 49:12).
The land of Sinim refers to China in the Holy Bible. China had millions of Christians, which the Latin Church derisively referred to as Nestorians or heretics. Marco Polo in his Travels refers to the millions of Christians he found in China.
The vast multitude of Chinese Christians were later exterminated by the Mongols and the Muslims. The Japanese had their own version of the Spanish Armada when the Mongols tried to invade Japan.
The first 3 Jesuits to enter Japan were Francis Xavier, Alessandro Valignano and Francisco Cabral.

The Jesuits first entered Japan around 1549 and were warmly received by the Japanese Emperor.
The Jesuits called themselves "Christians" and said that they had come to preach "Christianity."
Isolated on their island empire, the Japanese had no knowledge of world history.


At first the Jesuits were warmly welcomed by the Japanese emperor who was eager for contact with the Western world. The Emperor, Daimyo Nobunaga, welcomed them and actually gave them land in Kyoto:
Daimyo Nobunaga, sixteenth century military dictator of Japan, welcomed the Jesuit missionaries who came with the Western traders. Contrary to popular belief, when Japan first came into contact with the West she was eager for the interchange of ideas and commercial commodities. Nobunaga granted the Roman Catholics freedom to propagate their religion, donated them land in Kyoto and promised them a yearly allowance of money. Soon missions were established throughout the country and converts were made by the thousands." (Vietnam, Why Did We Go?, p. 146).
The Japanese welcomed the Jesuits who told them that they were "Christians" and had come to spread "Christianity."
The Japanese soon found out that the "missionaries" were just the first troops in a conquering army meant to subjugate and annex them to the Spanish Empire.



That love soon turned to hate however when the astute Japanese found out that the "missionaries" were just the vanguard of an invading army:
In 1596 a Spanish galleon, the San Felipe, was shipwrecked off the providence of Tosa. Hideyoshi ordered the ship and its goods confiscated. The angry Spanish captain, wishing to impress or intimidate the Japanese officials, indulged in some boasting how Spain had acquired a great world empire. For proof the captain showed the Japanese officials a map of all the great Spanish dominions. His astonished hearers asked how it had been possible for a nation to subjugate so many lands. The Spanish captain boasted that the Japanese would never be able to imitate Spain, simply because they had no Catholic missionaries. He confirmed that all Spanish dominions had been acquired by first sending in missionaries to convert their people, then the Spanish troops to coordinate the final conquest.
When this conversation was reported, Hideyoshi's anger knew no bounds. His suspicions about the use of missionaries as a first stepping-stone for conquest was confirmed. He recognized this pattern of cunning conquest at work within his own empire.(Vietnam, Why Did We Go?, pp. 151-152).
When the Japanese emperor found out about this Jesuit "missionary" spearhead to conquer his country, his fury knew no bounds. 



Daimyo Hideyoshi began placing severe restrictions on the Jesuit "missionaries."

His successor, Tokugawa Ieyasu, banned all foreigners from the country, and hermetically sealed Japan until the arrival of Commodore Perry in 1854.



Japan became strategically important after the loss the Papal States in 1870
After the loss of the Papal States in 1870, Japan became strategically important to the Vatican because of its proximity to Russia. 


After 1870, Japan began a major armaments program with their navy patterned after the Royal Navy.
They also studied the Prussian military system being impressed with their lighting victory over the French in 1870.
In 1894, they began the conquest of Korea and sought to end Chinese influence in that country.


Russia was one of the first countries to recognize the newly united kingdom of Italy with Rome as its headquarters. Russia was also the most powerful country in Europe and its conquest was the key to regaining the lost states.
The Russo-Japanese war of 1905
The Russians were in constant pursuit of a warm water port on the Pacific Ocean, for their navy as well as for maritime trade. The recently established Pacific seaport of Vladivostok was the only active Russian port that was reasonably operational during the summer season; but Port Arthur would be operational all year. Negotiations between the Tsar's government and Japan between the end of the First Sino-Japanese War and 1903, had proved futile. The Japanese chose war to maintain exclusive dominance in Korea.


 The Russo-Japanese war was a disaster for Russia and almost led to the overthrow of Tsar Nicholas II. 


The Tripartite Pact
In September 1940, Nazi Germany, Italy and Japan entered into a military alliance called the Tripartite Pact, which officially founded the Axis Powers of World War II that opposed the Allied Powers.

 http://www.reformation.org/jesuits-in-japan.html

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UNIT 731 Documentary | Japanese Invasion of China | Second Sino-Japanese War | 1937-45

 Feb 25, 2015Unit 731 (731部隊 Nana-san-ichi butai, Chinese: 731部队) was a covert biological and chemical warfare research and development unit of the Imperial Japanese Army that undertook lethal human experimentation during the Second Sino-Japanese War (1937–1945) and World War II. It was responsible for some of the most notorious war crimes carried out by Japanese personnel. Unit 731 was based at the Pingfang district of Harbin, the largest city in the Japanese puppet state of Manchukuo (now Northeast China).

It was officially known as the Epidemic Prevention and Water Purification Department of the Kwantung Army (関東軍防疫給水部本部 Kantōgun Bōeki Kyūsuibu Honbu). Originally set up under the Kempeitai military police of the Empire of Japan, Unit 731 was taken over and commanded until the end of the war by General Shiro Ishii, an officer in the Kwantung Army. The facility itself was built between 1934 and 1939 and officially adopted the name "Unit 731" in 1941.

Between 3,000 and 12,000 men, women, and children - from which around 600 every year were provided by the Kempeitai - died during the human experimentation conducted by Unit 731 at the camp based in Pingfang alone, which does not include victims from other medical experimentation sites. Almost 70% of the victims who died in the Pingfang camp were Chinese, including both civilian and military. Close to 30% of the victims were Russian. Some others were South East Asians and Pacific Islanders, at the time colonies of the Empire of Japan, and a small number of Allied prisoners of war. The unit received generous support from the Japanese government up to the end of the war in 1945.

Many of the researchers involved in Unit 731 went on to prominent careers in post-war politics, academia, business, and medicine. Some were arrested by Soviet forces and tried at the Khabarovsk War Crime Trials in 1949; most remained under American Forces occupation. These researchers were not tried for war crimes by the Americans so that the information and experience gained in bio-weapons could be co-opted into the U.S. biological warfare program. On 6 May 1947, Douglas MacArthur, as Supreme Commander of the Allied Forces, wrote to Washington that "additional data, possibly some statements from Ishii probably can be obtained by informing Japanese involved that information will be retained in intelligence channels and will not be employed as 'War Crimes' evidence." The immunity deal concluded in 1948.http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Unit_731



 https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=YdM3_kzhscM

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Chapter 9: Pyramids in China ( Masonry)

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Giant Mummies and Pyramids of China

  Apr 4, 2011

Perfectly preserved Caucasoid mummies and pyramids discovered in China, thousands of years before the Silk road, the earliest inhabitants to the area.

Yingpan Man, his 2.00 meter (six-foot, six-inch) long body and the clothes and artifacts discovered in the surrounding tombs suggest the highest level of civilization in the ancient Tarim Basin region. Buddhism origins.

 https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=C76MafUXNec


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 Documentary: China's Pyramids National Geographic

Aug 31, 2013


https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=WV8dq4ToRmA


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China's Underwater Atlantis "Discovered" | China Uncensored

Oct 2, 2013

The Qiandao Lake in China's Zhejiang Province is home to natural wonder! Qiandao literally means 1000 islands. But what lies underneath is even more mysterious. Deep under these waters is as an ancient submerged city, dating back to the Eastern Han Dynasty (25-200 AD). It was once known as Lion City, named after the 5 Lion Mountain it's nestled under. The 100 feet deep waters have perfectly preserved this city from antiquity. They call it China's Atlantis Rediscovered. Except, rediscovered might not quite be the right word, since it's only been under water for about 50 years and it's only underwater because they flooded it when they built a dam.

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=c5arb4vzSIc

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Solar symbol

 A solar symbol is a symbol which symbolises the Sun. Solar symbols can have significance in psychoanalysis, symbolism, semiotics, astrology, religion, mythology, mysticism, divination, heraldry, and vexillology, among other fields.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Solar_symbol

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 You will notice that many cultures that had pyramids, had symbols of the Sun. This also includes symbols of serpents.


Many historians will tell you, that a lot of Japanese culture, is influenced from China. This includes the age of the samurai, which were a warlike culture. As we know, pyramids and monoliths, exist around Russia, Siberia, China, including Japan. Many people question, if the same people who were handed down the technology to build these giant structures, traveled throughout the world. Many question what type of stone Masons, could have created the pyramids of southeast Asia. Often these groups would worship a Sun deity. The Pharaoh's of Egypt believed that they were the direct descendants of the Sun God. Many people often worshiped a solar deity, during different ancient Egyptian cultures. Many Sun symbols can be found in the Pyramids of Egypt.


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Solar deity


 A solar deity (also sun god or sun goddess) is a sky deity who represents the Sun, or an aspect of it, usually by its perceived power and strength. Solar deities and sun worship can be found throughout most of recorded history in various forms. Hence, many beliefs have formed around this worship, such as the "missing sun" found in many cultures.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Solar_deity



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FREEMASON

 http://www.masonicdictionary.com/freemason.html


  1.  A member of the Free and Accepted Masons, an international fraternal and philosophical organization.

 William Tyler Olcott offers the following in his Sun Lore of All Ages, an interesting but uncritical book, where, on page 304, we may read: "The word 'Masonry is said to be derived from a Greek word which signifies 'I am in the midst of heaven,' alluding to the sun. Others derive it from the ancient Egyptian 'Phre,' the sun, and 'Mas,' a child, Phre-mas, i.e., children of the sun, or sons of light. From this we get our word 'Freemason."'

 The excellent Cyclopedia of Fraternities, compiled and edited by Albert C. Stevens, prefers to define the term by means of a description, a wise method. Freemasonry, so we read, "is a secret fraternity, founded upon man's religious aspirations, which, by forms, ceremonies, and elaborate symbolism, seeks to create a universal brotherhood, to relieve suffering, cultivate the virtues, and join in the endless search for truth."

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 Many historians will tell you, that a lot of Japanese culture, is influenced from China. This includes the age of the samurai, which was a warlike culture. As we know, pyramids and monoliths, exist around China, including Japan. Many people question, if the same people who were handed down the technology to build these giant structures, traveled through the world. Many question what type of stone Masons, could have created the pyramids of southeast Asia.


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Why Japan is Called the Land of the Rising Sun


Ancient, China developed all of the hallmarks of advanced civilization, including written language, advanced cities, specialized labor and bronze technology, as much as 2000 years before Japan. As a result, China, and its culture, had an enormously large influence on the younger culture, sharing its philosophies, political structures, architecture, Buddhism, clothing styles and even its written language. In fact, the earliest known written account of Japan was found in a Chinese book.
With such a powerful influence, it stands to reason that, when Japan was described early in its development, it was from a Chinese perspective. And when the Chinese looked east to Japan, they looked in the direction of the dawn.

Early Japanese History

By the time the first Japanese ambassador was sent to the Chinese Han eastern capital in 57 AD, Japan was called Wa (Wo), a name that also designated the Japanese people. According to contemporary Chinese accounts, these early Japanese:
Lived on raw vegetables, rice and fish . . . had vassal-master relations, collected taxes, had provincial granaries and markets . . . [and] had violent succession struggles.
In the first century AD, one clan, the Yamato, began to dominate its neighbors, and by the 5th century AD, Yamato became a synonym for Japan. As a single, central government emerged, Japan increasingly followed Chinese culture, including its methods of administration.
By about 600 AD, the Prince Regent of Japan, Shotoku (574-622 AD), who was a big fan of Chinese culture, introduced a wide array of Chinese influences to Japan:
Under Shotoku’s direction, Confucian models of rank and etiquette were adopted . . . [He also] adopted the Chinese calendar, developed a system of highways, built numerous Buddhist temples, had court chronicles compiled, sent students to China to study Buddhism and Confucianism, and established formal diplomatic relations with China.
In addition, Shotoku is widely credited in Japan with coining the name Nippon (“Sun Origin”) for Japan:
Prince Umayado [Prince Shotoku], in the year 607, at the time of the first embassy to the Sui dynasty, sent a letter to the Sui emperor, Yangdi, ‘from the Son of Heaven in the land where the sun rises to the Son of Heaven in the land where the sun sets.
Apparently, the Chinese were offended that Shotoku tried to put himself as “Son of Heaven” on the same plane as the Chinese emperor, also “Son of Heaven.”
Regardless, in 645 AD, according to Japanese history, a palace coup led to the introduction of the Taika (meaning “great change”) Reform. Intended to further centralize the government, the reform eliminated private ownership of lands and put them under the control of the centralized government – with the “people direct subjects of the throne.” As part of this reform, Nippon, Nihon (both meaning “origin of the sun”) and Dai Nippon (Great Japan) were used “in diplomatic documents and chronicles” in place of Wa (Wo).
In Chinese records, the change of the name was less well received and their accounts differ:
Nippon appeared in history only at the end of the 7th century. Old Book of Tang, one of the Twenty-Four Histories, stated that the Japanese envoy disliked his country’s name Wonguo and changed it to Nippon, or “Origin of the Sun.” Another 8th century chronicle, True Meaning of Shiji, however, states that the Chinese Empress Wu Zetian ordered a Japanese envoy to change the country’s name to Nippon.
Another Chinese account of the transformation, found in the official history of the Tang dynasty, the Xin Tang Shu, reported:
In . . . 670, an embassy came to the Court [from Japan] to offer congratulations on the conquest of Koguryo. Around this time, the Japanese who had studied Chinese came to dislike the name Wa and changed it to Nippon. According to the words of the Japanese envoy himself, that name was chosen because the country was so close to where the sun rises.
In any event, the name stuck, and for the last 1400 years or so, the world has referred to Japan as Nippon, the land of the rising sun.






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Twelve Symbols of Sovereignty

The Twelve Symbols of Sovereignty (十二章紋) representing Chinese imperial authority appeared on the five-clawed dragon robes (Traditional Chinese: 龍袍 Chinese: 龙袍 lóng páo) of the emperor since the Western Zhou Dynasty (1050-771 B.C.)


 http://www.nationsonline.org/oneworld/Chinese_Customs/symbols_of_sovereignty.htm

#1: Sun (日 - rì)

The Sun symbolises the source of life. In the context of sovereignty, the Sun is the symbol of enlightenment and is sometimes depicted by the three legged bird (crow) on a red disc.

[The three-legged bird is a creature of various mythologies, it inhabits and represents the Sun.]





#5: The five-clawed dragon is the emperor's sacred symbol of imperial power, representing its dignity.

Even though dragons are mythological animals, they are symbols of the natural world, they are the rulers of the seas and the skies.
The rain divinity is associated with heavenly beneficence and fecundity.
Dragons symbolise adaptability as they are capable of transformations, they also symbolise power and they are the highest symbol of good luck in the animal kingdom.

In Chinese art the dragon evolved from a limbless snake-like creature in the pre Qin dynasty (pre 221 BC) to the composite creature, a combination of many animals, including the horns of a stag, ears of a bull, eyes of a rabbit, claws of a tiger and the scales of a fish, all on a long serpent’s body.

 http://www.nationsonline.org/oneworld/Chinese_Customs/symbols_of_sovereignty.htm



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The Rise of the Red Dragon

China has very suddenly become a major world power—a strong ally to some, but a threat to others. Its economic growth and ability to produce goods is virtually unrivaled. But what are the implications? What lies ahead for China, and how will it affect the world?

 http://realtruth.org/articles/324-trotrd.html

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The Rise of Red China, The Devil Schemes of Rothschild’s Israel, and the Beatdown of America


The Great Red Dragon and the Illuminati's Oriental Express


http://www.texemarrs.com/092010/oriental_express.htm

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 THE HUNG SOCIETY AND FREEMASONRY THE CHINESE WAY
Part 1—Hung Society to Chinese Masonic Society
Part 2—Regular Freemasonry in China



 by R.W.Bro. Graham Stead
Secretary of W H Green Memorial Masonic Study Circle
Townsville, Queensland, Australia.

 http://www.freemasons-freemasonry.com/chinese-masonic-society.html

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Freemasonry in Asia

This is a general survey on the historical and modern presence of Freemasonry in countries located in Asia.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Freemasonry_in_Asia

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Different types of pyramids and megaliths, exist all around the world. It is often debated, what ancient cultures, helped in building these ancient structures.


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Is there an ancient 'dark pyramid' in Alaska?

 30 Nov 2012

 http://www.sott.net/article/254605-Is-there-an-ancient-dark-pyramid-in-Alaska

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Huge Underwater Pyramid Found Near Portugal Has Portuguese Navy Investigating, Link to Atlantis?



 http://www.collective-evolution.com/2014/01/10/underwater-pyramid-found-near-portugal-has-portuguese-navy-investigating-link-to-atlantis/#sthash.HyrAXM1r.dpuf


 Further investigations are beginning to point to the possibility of an underwater volcanic hill based on more recent scans.[3] More information should come to the surface. Some believe this new explanation may be a cover up but that position is currently based on a belief only.
Portuguese news reported the discovery of a very large under water pyramid first discovered by Diocleciano Silva between the islands of São Miguel and Terceira in the Azores of Portugal. According to claims, the structure is said to be perfectly squared and oriented by the cardinal points. Current estimates obtained using GPS digital technology put the height at 60 meters with a base of 8000 square meters. The Portuguese Hydrographic Institute of the Navy currently has the job of analyzing the data to determine whether or not the structure is man-made.



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 America's Stonehenge: New Hampshire rocks history or hoax?

September 20, 2015

http://phys.org/news/2015-09-america-stonehenge-hampshire-history-hoax.html


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 The following video talks about structural mounds in Illinois.


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Native America before European Colonization

 Apr 8, 2013

 https://youtu.be/7FItlStGMY4?t=3m14s



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Cuban underwater city


https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cuban_underwater_city

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What Happened to the Sunken City of Cuba?


22 July, 2014 
 http://www.ancient-origins.net/ancient-places-americas/what-happened-sunken-city-cuba-001883


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Many pyramids that exist in Mexico and Central America, have similar designs to the temples found in Cambodia.


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World-Pyramids

 http://world-pyramids.com/


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To continue this topic on pyramids around the world, view the article " Pollution Science 101 - Russia."- PollutionScience101Russia.blogspot.com (Coming soon).


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Crimean Prehistoric pyramid technology the cause of Russian Reclaim of her historic territory ?

 What is the cause of the Russian sudden move on Crimea after federating it in 1954 and surrendering it to  Ukraine in 1991.  Many suspect that a new ancient advanced technology  inside the  underground pyramid found in 2012 by Dr.Gokh near Sebastopol.

 http://www.eppf.net/5778/crimean-prehistoric-pyramid-technology-the-cause-of-russian-reclaim-of-her-historic-territory/

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Is This The Cause of War? Oldest Pyramid On Earth Found Buried In Crimea, Ukraine!


 Mar 3, 2014

 https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=-aNLvFKPvPc

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Merheleva Ridge

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Merheleva_Ridge

Merheleva Ridge (Ukrainian: ????????? ?????, also transliterated (Mergeleva) is the site of an Eneolithic temple and burial complex consisting primarily of four large stone mounds or kurgans situated near Perevalsk, Luhansk oblast, Ukraine, about 30 km to the west-to-southwest of the city of Luhansk. Its name is Ukrainian adaptation of word marlstone which is a type of limestone common in the region.[1] Supposedly the site was built in about 4000 BC, corresponding to the Dnieper-Donets or early Yamna culture, and remained in use throughout the Bronze Age and well into the Iron Age, until 5th century BC Sarmatia. It was discovered in 2004, and the discovery officially announced on 7 September 2006.


The site was discovered in 2004 by school children participating in an archaeology camp organised by Alchevsk history teacher Vladimir Paramonov, who has been organising expeditions of schoolchildren to the hill range since 1995.

It is believed that much of the site was constructed about 3000 BC, in the early Bronze Age. The site is believed to be a complex of temples and sacrificial altars topping a hill with sides sculpted into steps.

Viktor Klochko, the archaeologist in charge of the dig site and deputy Minister of Science of the Tourism and Protection of Cultural Heritage Department of the Lugansk regional administration, said that the discovery was of international significance as the first monument of its kind found in Eastern Europe:


Misidentification as pyramid and clarification

Initial reports indicated that archaeologists had discovered a pyramidal structure.

Klochko blamed the press: "I'm not sure where the pyramid idea came from - the media got it wrong," says Klochko. "We didn't find anything like an Egyptian pyramid. Though the site is on a hill. But it's interesting enough in its own right."



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 Landmarks of Ukraine

Inthe village of Lychkivtsi in the Land of Ternopilshchyna you can see a somewhat disturbing piece of sculpture — on a pedestal stands a pillar on the top of which there sits a human head in a helmet but without the lower jaw. There is an inscription on the pedestal but it is impossible to read it because the stone has crumbled away in many places leaving only illegible traces of letters. Local lore has it that it is the monument to a young man who was captured by the Tartars during one of their raids in the times of old, but who erected the monument and when remains unclear. Not far from this monument there is another one that commemorates an epidemic disease that struck the village in the 1830s when hundreds of people died.

The village used to be the estate of the local nobles but now only ruins indicate the spots where the castle, the church and other buildings used to stand.

It was in the village of Lychkivtsi that a pagan idol, the representation of god Svyatovyd, was found in 1848. The reliefs carved on the idol reflect the ancient Slavic view of the Universe.

Pyramids in Ukrainian villages

There are pyramids in Ukraine which, similarly to the Egyptian ones, are tombs.
In the village of Komendantivka, Poltava Oblast, you can see a fifteen-meter high granite pyramid, the tomb of Oleksandr Bilevych and his wife.
Oleksandr Bilevych was a Navy officer and when, in the nineteenth century, he happened to visit Egypt, he was very much impressed by the Great Pyramids at Giza. When he retuned to his native land, he, inspired by what he had seen in Egypt, had a pyramid-shaped-tomb built at his country-side estate. The granite was quarried in the vicinity; for the mortar egg whites and blood of the slaughtered animals were used to improve the mortar’s binding qualities. The sepulcher chambers were connected by corridors. The first to be buried there was Bilevych’s wife, and several years later Bilevych himself joined her in the pyramid.

The nine-meter tall pyramid in the village of Berezova Rudka, Poltava Oblast, is made of brick, rather than granite. The village used to be the estate of the Zakrevsky family. Ihnaty Zakrevsky was ambassador of the Russian Imperial government under Tsar Alexander III to Egypt. Similarly to Bilevych, he was fascinated with the Egyptian pyramids, and upon returning home, he had his own pyramid built. It was not meant to be a tomb though. The pyramid was a decorative architectural landmark, with the interior decorated with murals. The subjects of the murals varied from Biblical scenes to scenes from the Egyptian mythology. There was even an altar inside. The entrance to the pyramid was guarded by the statue of the Egyptian goddess Isida which Zakrevsky had brought from Egypt. The portal carried the image of the Christian cross. 

Vandalism and time did not spare the murals or anything else in the pyramids but were powerless to destroy the pyramids themselves.
Learn more at http://ivushka.webservis.ru/Vid_Piramid/Titul.htm



http://www.wumag.kiev.ua/index2.php?param=pgs20061/118



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Prehistoric Rock Sculptures Discovered in Ukraine: Another Stonehenge?


http://inventorspot.com/articles/prehistoric_rock_sculptures_discovered_ukraine_another_stoneheng_18592


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There's Something WEIRD About Ukraine! (2014)

 Jul 20, 2014

 https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=AbxVqfVWUXk&feature=youtu.be

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 There remains intense research in Russia, on the pyramids of the world, including different types of Stonehenge type structures and key places of interest. This also includes how magnetism effects different areas of the planet.

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 Pyramid near Moscow - Russian Wonder of the World.

 http://www.pyramids.ru/english.html



Alexander Golod, who coordinated groups of scientists in Russia, carried out scientific studies for over a decade in fiberglass Pyramids built by him. The results showed significant positive effects for both biological and non-biological materials. The largest Pyramid built by Alexander Golod in Russia is 44 meters (144 feet) high and weights 55 tons.

Some of the scientific results of previous studies with Golden Section Pyramids built by Alexander Golod show:

    The Immune system of organisms increased upon exposure in the pyramid (Scientific Research Institute named by Mechnikov, Russian Academy of Medical Sciences);

    Specific properties of medicines increase with decreasing side effects after exposure in the Pyramid (SRI of Virology named by Ivanovskiy, Russian Academy of Medical Sciences);

    Agricultural seeds placed in the pyramid showed a 30-100% increase in yield;

    Russian military radar detected an energy column above the Pyramids built by Alexander Golod which is thought to have repaired the Ozone layer in Russia (the same can be done for example in Australia);

    The pathogenic strength of different viruses and bacteria becomes less with exposure in the pyramid;

    The amount of radioactivity becomes less after exposure in the pyramid.


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Amazing Russian Pyramid Research


http://ten1000things.org/russian-pyramid-power/




Brief Summary of Pyramid Research Results
  1. Immune system of organisms improved  (blood leukocyte composition increased).
  2. improved regeneration of tissue
  3. seeds stored in the pyramid for 1-5 days showed a 30-100% increase in yield
  4. soon after construction of the Lake Seliger pyramid a marked improvement of the ozone was noted above the area
  5. seismic activity near the pyramid research areas are reduced in severity and size
  6. violent weather also appears to decrease in the vicinity of the pyramids
  7. pyramids constructed in Southern Russia (Bashkiria) appeared to have a positive effect on oil production with oil becoming less viscous by 30% and the yield of the oil wells increased according to tests carried out by the Moscow Academy of Oil and Gas.
  8. a study was done on 5000 prisoners who ingested salt and pepper that had been exposed to the pyramid energy field. The test subjects exhibited a greatly reduced violence rate and overall behavior was much improved.
  9. standard tissue culture tests showed an increase in survival of cellular tissue after infection by viruses and bacteria
  10. radioactive substances show a decreased level of radiation inside the pyramid
  11. there are reports of spontaneous charging of capacitors
  12. physicists observed significant changes in superconductivity temperature thresholds and in the properties of semi-conducting and carbon nano materials.
  13. water inside the pyramid will remain liquid to minus 40 degrees Celsius but freeze instantly if jostled or bumped in any way
It is interesting to note that results seem to show that increasing the height of the pyramid improves the quality of the results.
So, as you can see from this brief introduction, there is much we have to learn about the natural forces around us. The Egyptians knew some of this when they designed the great pyramids at Giza. However, with modern scientific research techniques it is now becoming possible to gain even more insight and benefit from “Russian Pyramid Power!”





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Pyramid Hill of the Lake Baikal, Russia


 In 2007 an architect and scholar of the Irkutsk State Technical University Lubov Makogon visited with her student Port Baikal, a little fisher port town on western Baikal lakeshore where she noted an unusual hill with four visible sides oriented to the North. The hill in height of 80 meters with the width of the base in 170 meters located in the center of Baikal Port close to the lakeshore and had a perspective view from the lake and mouth of the Angara river.

Being a Member of the Russian Union of the Architects Lubov Makagon made observation that this pyramid hill is only one hill in all that area with four visible pyramidal sides and four edges of the sides getting interesting connections with surrounding hills. In 2012 she visited again Port Baikal with a group of her students where she found topographic base area and made topographic technical research. This research gave more features that the hill is can be pyramidal construction with direct orientation to the North. More over this pyramid hill has amazing connections with suburb hills which is clear to see on the topographic research made by Lubov Makagon and shared with World-Pyramids.

There are no doubts for professional architect Lubov Makagon that it’s real pyramid on the lakeshore of the Baikal. For further investigation the Baikal pyramid hill need in detail research as the local legends and mythology.


http://world-pyramids.com/en/world-pyramids/europe/pyramid-baikal.html#.VPzKF-G-2zl



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The Mysterious Russian Stonehenge

On March 8, 2014


 These mysterious stones are found on the Mountain (Gornaya) Shoria in the Kemerov region of Russia. At first they just look like lumps of naturally placed stone, but when investigated a little closer they appear to have been crafted and thoughtfully honed at some point in their distant past...


http://www.lazerhorse.org/2014/03/08/russian-stonehenge/



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Giant Megaliths Found in Siberia Could Be Largest in the World

Mar 23, 2014

 https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=kngM_Pz20bw

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Giant Megaliths in Russia

Oct 10, 2014

 https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=iFOwlZfNTO4



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The Mystery of Bosnia's Ancient Pyramids

An amateur archaeologist says he's discovered the world's oldest pyramids in the Balkans. But many experts remain dubious


December 2009

http://www.smithsonianmag.com/history/the-mystery-of-bosnias-ancient-pyramids-148990462/?no-ist


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Pyramids of Güímar

 https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pyramids_of_G%C3%BC%C3%ADmar

The Pyramids of Güímar refer to six rectangular pyramid-shaped, terraced structures, built from lava stone without the use of mortar. They are located in the district of Chacona, part of the town of Güímar on the island of Tenerife in the Canary Islands, Spain. The structures have been dated to the 19th century AD and their original function may well be explained as a byproduct of contemporary agricultural techniques.
Other pyramids employing the same methods and materials of construction can be found in various sites on Tenerife. In Güímar itself there were nine pyramids, only six of which survive.

Astronomical research and Freemasonry

In 1991, research by Juan Antonio Belmonte Avilés, Antonio Aparicio Juan and César Esteban López, researchers of the Canary Institute of Astrophysics, shown that the long sides of some of the terrace structures at Güímar marked the direction of both solstices. The main limiting wall points to the sunset in the Summer solstice and the pyramids have stairs on their western side which face the direction of the rising sun on the Winter solstice. Also, standing on the platform of the largest pyramid on the day of the Summer solstice it is possible to experience a double sunset, as first the sun sets behind a mountain top, then it emerges again from behind the mountain and sets a second time behind a neighbouring peak. However, considering the room for interpretation, it is impossible based solely on these observations to conclude what was the intention of the builders or the building date.

In 2005, a book was published in Spanish by Aparicio and Esteban titled The Pyramids of Güímar: Myth and Reality. Aparicio and Esteban suggest that the solstitial orientations of the pyramids were potentially motivated by the Freemasons symbolism. These authors argue that solstices are very important in the symbolism of Freemasonry and that the owner of the land in the epoch in which the pyramids were built was himself a freemason. This motivation would be only an aesthetic one and would not modify in any rate the fundamental motivation (agriculture) and date of construction.


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Origins of Freemasonry: The Church Hires Merovingian Stone Masons

 Mar 14, 2013

 http://gnosticwarrior.com/church-hires-merovingian-stone-masons.html

 Benedict crossed the ocean and passed into Gaul, when he made inquiry for masons who could build him a church of stone after the Roman style, which he always loved. - Saint Bede, Doctor of the Catholic Church and Father of English History.


In my search for the beginning origins of freemasonry, my path has led me to a most mysterious and almost forgotten medieval time that seems to be lost in history. It was an era with very little brotherly unity when various peoples such as the Saxons, Picts, Angles and other pagan tribes along with the Celtic Druid Priesthood had held sway in much of what we know today as England, Ireland, Scotland and France in the 6th, 7th, 8th and 9th centuries.
This was also the pivotal period in the past when some of these kingdoms, tribes and members of this same Druid priesthood would make an alliance with the Roman Church to create a new unified Brotherhood called the "Universal Church (Catholic)." This would be the same exact time in history where you will find stone masons (Freemasons) that were specifically hired by this new Christian Brotherhood to perform a mass building campaign for the Universal Church across the world.


 In the course of my research I have found no other evidence of Freemasons working inside the Brotherhood or being bestowed with the secret mysteries because before this time, most builders or stone masons were not true freeman and the previous secret societies had only allowed royal blood to become members of such "Brotherhoods." This was an ancient customary family practice of the Druids and it was also the same policy of the Romans, and the Egyptians.
The facts are that this new Christian Brotherhood would have many secrets and plans that they would need to conceal in the darkness from outsiders or enemies. In order to accomplish this, they would have to develop a system of CHAO to protect these secrets from even their own hired craftsman such as the Merovingian stone masons, that I will discuss in more detail below. Simply put, these stone masons would be set with the task to build many churches around the world where they would often spend years working along side these priests, bishops and monks. To enter into such a secret Brotherhood with so much on the line (the world and world peace), there would be many secrets and secret oaths that would need to be protected. The penalty for breaking these oaths would be death and nothing less.


http://gnosticwarrior.com/church-hires-merovingian-stone-masons.html



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 There are many different claims, to what people discovered America first. America is a melting pot of different cultures. It is difficult to say, that any one type of culture, controls the continent of North and South America.


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Europeans & Asians In Prehistoric America : Journey to 10,000 BC - Science Documentaries


 Nov 28, 2014

 https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Zz91Gzk-pPA




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The Africans Who Discovered America Thousands Of Years Before Columbus


Mar 01, 2013


http://www.nairaland.com/1212037/africans-discovered-america-thousands-years




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The Viking Deception | Top Documentary Films | History Documentary

Mar 29, 2015

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=JnVzXojR__0



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Prehistoric Europeans. First Native Americans (1 of 3)


 https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=GS5eDwYePiQ


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The Origin of the Blue Eyes: The Ancient 'Gods' and Their Royal Descendants



http://humansarefree.com/2014/04/the-origin-of-blue-eyes-ancient-gods.html

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First South Americans were Black Aborigines

 May 9, 2012

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=r6IrMjfbh6E

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Science proves that Africans, not Mongoloids, were the first South Americans (Updated)

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=7JEAMzJDyZs



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Chapter 10: The Empire of China & royal dynasties

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The Last Emperor of China

 Apr 9, 2013

 https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ImZ4zBScFDE

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 Many people often think, that different royal families, such as the British Royal Family, lost all of their political influence and power, when England became a democracy.

We can still see how this family, still has political power, in the Commonwealth of Nations.

 Many royal families in China, including families with a lot of wealth and power, wanted to gain back their political influences and power, as much as they could. This is why when they were first forming a democracy in China, they were debating if the Emperor should rule the government as an emperor, or a president. We can see that different dynasties and royal families, have also fought for control, for over thousands of years in China. China has a very long history or different families, trying to rule and expand different empires in China. Many people still say, that certain elite families, control much of the wealth and power in China.

 The people of China wanted a real revolution. A revolution against tyrannical governments, monarchs and royal families.

We need to have a  revolution for freedom of ideas and freedom from oppression, for everyone in the world. 



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The Li family, is a royal family in China. Many individuals say that this family, including other families, have a good amount of influence the policies of the government of China.

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 The Li Bloodline

David Rockefeller visits with his friend Li Chiang,
one of Red China's Government Trade Officials. 

 http://www.bibliotecapleyades.net/bloodlines/li.htm

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 Here is a good example of how royal families in Australia, were still supporting communist parties, and giving them their support.


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The Royal Family of Australian Communism

 September 01st 2010

 https://quadrant.org.au/magazine/2010/09/the-royal-family-of-australian-communism/

The Aarons family were influential Australian communists over three or four generations. In presenting his family’s story Mark Aarons has two aims which are in conflict with each other. One is to criticise his family for being supporters of communist mass murderers—he admits some communists “betrayed” Australia, a strong word. The other aim is to salvage something from the wreckage by bignoting his relatives, particularly his father Laurie Aarons, for being close to the centre of great events, as though some of the glamour rubs off on them. He claims they wielded great influence (especially in the ALP), and had the biggest ASIO files (Why is this surprising, why an occasion for boasting?). It’s a tightrope act to reconcile these contradictory aims, and Mark Aarons falls off on a number of occasions.

The Aarons family were Leninists of the Stalinist variety who supported a regime which kept a great nation, Russia, in physical and psychological thrall for seven decades. Along with Mao, the Soviet communists were the worst mass murderers in history. This book has a major problem with the misleading term “Stalinist”. It’s based on the belief that being Stalinist is bad, but once you dropped Stalinism, as Laurie Aarons did after 1968, you are a goodie. But the accurate descriptive term is “Leninist”, never mentioned in this book. Laurie Aarons was a Leninist totalitarian from the moment he joined the Communist Party of Australia (CPA). For some decades he espoused a particularly virulent form of that disease, Stalinism, but then reverted to his basic Leninist persona. The thing is not to praise him for this move, which this book does, but to condemn him as a lifelong Leninist operative.

 https://quadrant.org.au/magazine/2010/09/the-royal-family-of-australian-communism/


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Many people question why different royal families, were supporting communist regimes.


To be a monarch, means to have rule over your own lands, without oppression of other governments, or political institutions. We can now see, that when individuals such as monarchs, gain too much political power, that different types of tyranny and oppression, can also take place within that realm.


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China Apologist Turns TED Talk Into Propaganda Tool | China Uncensored

 Aug 23, 2013

What happens when a TED talk becomes a propaganda tool? That's what we find out on this episode of China Uncensored. Eric X Li is a venture capitalist from Shanghai. For 20 minutes, he lectures on the failings of democracy and the success of one party rule by the Chinese Communist Party in China based on three points-adaptability, meritocracy, and legitimacy. He says US President Barack Obama wouldn't even be qualified to be a small county manager in China. And even though each of his arguments are so stunningly flawed, a few jokes about George W. Bush and the audience is on their feet giving the man a standing ovation by the end. These are ideas not worth passing on.

 https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Lh9TGm9W6FY


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Chapter 11: Mao Zedong

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Many of the royal families in China, were replaced with dictators, such as Mao Zedong. It is debated, if Mao was really just another type of political pawn, for a political power structure, that would enslave and harm its own people.



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Hitler, Stalin, Mao, Rothschilds & British Royal Family Connections

May 8, 2015

Hitler, Stalin, Mao and the unlikely connections they had to the Rothschilds and British Royal Family are explored in a mind bending interview with Greg Hallett. WWII and the rearrangement of global power in the 20th century, the Royal Almanac of Gotha, and the continuing conspiracy of power and bloodlines through the modern day is illuminated. Fake heirs and body doubles--from Bin Laden and Saddam Hussein, to Prince William and Prince Harry are revealed, plus the future technology being used now to keep the masses oppressed is laid out in this uncensored Buzzsaw interview, hosted by Sean Stone.

GUEST BIO:
Greg Hallett trained in various psychological models in parallel with his architecture degree and training. He travelled widely behind the Iron Curtain during the Cold War, hitchhiking on planes, making bunks out of airmail bags, to party and report between cities. His contacts in Eastern Europe led to deep penetration of the Soviet State, how it functioned and how it was to colonise the West.
It was these qualifications that led him to buy buildings in Moscow immediately after the Berlin Wall fell. This led to interviews with the KGB and their revelations about the planned sex-communism and deconstruction of Westerners. What they had planned for the West happened in the West. Equally all modern history can be dated back to 1945. What Hitler planned for the world happened to the world over the next sixty years.

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=JFi0npxY60M

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Many people often wonder, why people in past history, were in favor of supporting dictators such as Mao, including other dictators such as Stalin and Hitler. All three of these dictators, at one point in history, were all trying to defeat the monarchies, in their own country. Many people wanted to defeat the monarchs of the world, and create a legitimate republic. They wanted to create systems, where people could have more wealth and freedom, instead of the current system on monarchy. This is why many people wanted, to abolish the monarchy, at any cost.

 What many people do not understand, is that these same dictators, were backed with lots of funds from bankers, in order to fund their wars. What all of these countries did, is go from an open ruling monarchy, to a dictatorship. Then after that, had different forms of governments, such as the Communist Party of China, or something similar to a type of a corrupt democratic system of government that we see in Germany (EU) today. However, we can still see the corruption that exists in most of the governments of the world these days. We can still see how the people of all of these countries, are subjugated under a corrupt political system, that does not have the best interests, of the people in mind. We can still see the elite groups, including political and elite families, that continue to rule over these realms. While many people are enslaved, these groups have special privileges with the current government, that keeps them in power.


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The worst genocides of the 20th and 21st Centuries

 http://www.scaruffi.com/politics/dictat.html

#1: Ze-Dong Mao (China, 1958-61 and 1966-69, Tibet 1949-50)

 #4:
Jozef Stalin (USSR, 1932-39)7,000,000 (the gulags plus the purges plus Ukraine's famine)


#6:
Ismail Enver (Ottoman Turkey, 1915-20)1,200,000 Armenians (1915) + 350,000 Greek Pontians and 480,000 Anatolian Greeks (1916-22) + 500,000 Assyrians (1915-20)



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Mao's Great Famine HDTV great leap foward, history of china

 Jan 20, 2013

 https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=f-woaDniFQc


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Chapter 12: Agenda 21 & China

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Agenda 21 and the Mystery of the Chinese Ghost Cities


August 24, 2014

As ISIS is rampaging across Iraq and Syria, Ebola is on the loose and the flames of civil discontent are spreading across the United States, the country stands at a crossroads. There are many in the media who believe that America sits on the precipice of martial law followed by World War III. All signs certainly point to these fears coming to fruition. A question that very few seem to ask is what will society be like after World War III and the ushering in of the New World Order?
The United States has a canary in the mine from which to predict its future and it has to do with how China is implementing the United Nations based Agenda 21 policies. Agenda 21 certainly is impacting our daily lives, however, the big changes will not felt until after the United States collapses or is conquered. If one wants to know what life will be like when that time comes, we can look across the Pacific to China.
China has long led the world in repressive and inhuman enforcement of its population with repressive one-child policies, mandatory sterilization and forced abortions. We also know that China permits corporate slave labor (e.g. Walmart) within its boundaries by globalist corporations. China is also becoming a model for the implementation of Agenda 21 and this implementation phase is taking a new and dramatic twist through the creation of a series of “ghost cities” in which monolithic cities are built, but there are only a few to no residents occupying these cities. Dateline Australia estimates that as many as 10 of these cities are being built every year. We, in the United States, should watch this Agenda 21 canary in the mine because it represents our future.


http://wariscrime.com/new/agenda-21-mystery-of-chinese-ghost-cities/


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China to Build Largest City in Human History | China Uncensored

Sep 30, 2015

 China is working on building a megacity that will have more people than the UK, Canada, and Australia combined. It's called Jingjinji, a megalopolis with Beijing at the center. And it might be just as nightmarish as you imagine.

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=YjoJ8Tr6o1A



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What Is Agenda 21? After Watching This, You May Not Want to Know






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 Chapter 13: China & the Arctic

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China, Iceland and the Arctic



 Recently, China has faced significant challenges in artificial fish breeding: Last year, the number of fish farms plunged by 30 percent and another 20 percent were considered overexploited. The causes of these negative statistics were environmental pollution and uncontrolled catching. On the other hand, Iceland has demonstrated annual growth in local farm production. Within the last two years it has doubled the number of farmed fish to 14,000 tons. Chinese investment would enable Reykjavik to increase output and boost its competitive position. For reference, active fish farming in Norway enabled Oslo to produce 1.5 million tons of fish annually.

http://thediplomat.com/2015/05/china-iceland-and-the-arctic/

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China Looks North: Carving Out a Role in the Arctic

 Apr. 30, 2015

 https://www.asiapacific.ca/canada-asia-agenda/china-looks-north-carving-out-role-arctic

Approximately 1,500 kilometers south of the Arctic Circle lies China’s northernmost settlement, a snowy village simply referred to as “Arctic village” or “beiji cun.” Although it has no Arctic territory and no history of audacious polar treks, China has steadily increased its voice and engagement in the region, particularly during Canada’s chairmanship of the Arctic Council, which began in May 2013 and concluded on April 24.
Recently, Chinese officials have referred to the concept of becoming a “polar region power.” And while China’s strategic, commercial and scientific interests in the region are not difficult to discern, it is not entirely clear how it will pursue these interests and what the implications might be for Canada. Nonetheless, the contours of China becoming a polar region power are starting to become visible through debates and discussions within China, as well as through its bilateral and multilateral engagement, especially with Russia and Nordic countries.

Becoming a “Polar Power”

China has several obvious interests in the Arctic, including:
Scientific research: To date, China’s engagement with the Arctic has focused mainly on scientific research. [1] China has sought to justify its focus on Arctic issues by emphasizing the global impact of the shrinking ice cap. On its website, China’s Arctic and Antarctic Administration (CAA) tells readers that the country needs to conduct Arctic expeditions because the region “has very obvious practical significance for our climate, environment, agriculture, resource” and other areas.
Resources – The Arctic is believed to be rich in hydrocarbons, water, minerals and fish. It is a veritable “treasure trove of resources,” according to the CAA. But the majority of Arctic resources lie within the undisputed 200-nautical mile Exclusive Economic Zones allocated to the five circumpolar countries by the United Nations on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS). Although Chinese officials frequently refer to China’s “rights and interests” in the Arctic in Chinese media and on government websites, they have also stated that they respect the sovereignty of Arctic countries and are seeking opportunities to cooperate.
In December, an anonymous State Oceanic Administration official told the Chinese newspaper Guangming Daily that China will continue to strengthen its capacity to undertake polar expeditions, including the completion of its second ice-breaker. Speaking at the Arctic Circle Assembly in Reykavik, Iceland last year, a senior Chinese diplomat told the audience that “China-Nordic Arctic Cooperation is increasingly expanding from research area to economic area, like ship building, shipping, and resource development.”

https://www.asiapacific.ca/canada-asia-agenda/china-looks-north-carving-out-role-arctic

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Russian Sanctions, China, and the Arctic



Russian Arctic offshore energy efforts are in a period of unwelcome pause, and the flight of Western companies in the face of sanctions imposed by their home countries has left the future of these efforts up in the air. But this state is unlikely to last for long. Western firms have left incredible opportunity in their wake, and China is in the perfect position to benefit.

Over the past 10-15 years, the People’s Republic of China (PRC) has systematically increased its activity in the high north through various avenues. Russia’s current relations with the West are likely to substantially boost this enterprise, which should concern the international community given the importance that the Arctic will play in the years to come. The region’s massive resource reserves, China’s growing presence, Chinese challenges to regional Arctic governance, and the current standoff between Russia and the West are a potentially potent combination. This situation should be recognized and efforts should be made to mitigate possible negative consequences.




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Chapter 14: Himalayas  


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Many people consider Tibet, the third Pole of the world. Tibet is known for having some of the most pure waters, within the mountain range of the Himalayas. For thousands of years, life-forms have been drinking from natural water systems, being fed by the snow, glaciers, aquifers, underground lakes  and ice. These waters flow down, and spread water to lower elevations, and travels to different parts of the world. Currently, we can see new environmental threats to the Himalayas, that did not exist even a couple hundred years ago. Even different Tibetan locals, including scientists, agree that certain sources of snow and water, are now being contaminated by industrial and chemical pollution.


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Why There is No Free Tibet | China Uncensored


 Aug 13, 2013

Will there ever be a free Tibet? After decades of cultural genocide, religious persecution, murder, and disappearances, tensions between China and Tibetans are boiling. On this episode of China Uncensored, Chris Chappell tells the bloodstained history of modern Tibet, from the invasion by the Chinese Communist Party in 1950, to the exile of the Dalai Lama, the questionable death of the Panchen Lama, riot after riot, protest after protest, a flood of immigration from Han and Hui Chinese ethnicities, even to the Chinese regime's decision to ban reincarnation without government permission. And with over one hundred self-immolation since 2009, what does the future hold for Tibet.

 https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=w2q0r2DAs6k&feature=iv&src_vid=0mmfHjfNNzk&annotation_id=annotation_307793933

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Mt. Everest, Himalayan peaks waste pollution

Aug 28, 2014


 Activists announced that Mount Everest and other Himalayan peaks are getting plagued with tonnes of disposed tents, spent oxygen cylinders and discarded food containers and bottles that are being left behind by mountaineers over the decades. Authorities are now encouraging the process of recycling.

 https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Jy-kBAd_nMQ

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The Dead of Everest 2013

 Aug 14, 2013

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=pzcHVlQSbIk

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Everest - Himalaya. Mirrors of pollution.

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=KaBhHYjg-q4    

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The Killer and the Jet Stream


 http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=CqLEWNSYxRI

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Everest Extreme Expedition - Clean up campaign


Jul 23, 2012

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=362_wKjEJW8


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Keeping the Mountain Clean: April 25, 2009



As Everest Base Camp grows more crowded, we take an opportunity to meet some of the Sherpas dedicated to keeping the mountain clean.

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=kTRyqlj1rIQ



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Is clean-up finally in sight for the highest rubbish dump on earth? Team set to solve Everest’s pollution problem for good

  • Up to 50 tons of rubbish left by climbing tourists every year
  • Problem had threatened to destroy fragile ecosystem of the Himalayas
  • Clean up team have spent three years hauling rubbish from mountain
  • Now want to make climbing groups adhere to Code of Conduct
http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-2328920/Team-set-solve-Mount-Everests-pollution-problem-good.html

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With new technology on helicopters, it is now possible to take helicopters to the summit of Mount Everest. This has changed the way, how people can clean up the garbage, left on Mount Evert, including other mountains. This is why we need sustainable mountain climbing gear, that biodegrades properly in the wild.

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First Helicopter Landing on Everest's Summit

  May 26, 2011

 https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=KyBapqTtLWA


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Even people are breaking record summit attempts, on Mount Everest. 

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Everest Summiteers Association


 http://www.everestsummiteersassociation.org/index.php?option=com_content&view=category&layout=blog&id=24&Itemid=27

Lakpa Gelu Sherpa

Climbed and returned from the summit of Everest in 18.20 hours.
Lakpa Gelu Sherpa (36) again broke the fastest climbing record of Pemba Dorji Sherpa. Lakpa started for the Summit at 5.00 PM. on 25 May 2003 and reached on the Summit at 3hrs. 56 min. 46 sec. AM. on 26 May 2003 and he reached down to Base Camp at 11.20 AM. on 26 May 2003. He completed this ascent from Base Camp to top and reached down to Base Camp in 18 hours 20 Minutes.
This was Mr. Lhakpa Gelu Sherpa's tenth time reaching the Summit of Everest.

Pemba Dorji Sherpa

Climbed Everest in 12.45 hours.
Pemba Dorji Sherpa (25) broke the fastest climbing record established by Late Babu Chhiri Sherpa. Pemba climbed to the summit of Everest in 12 hours 45 minutes on 23 May 2003. Pemba comes from Rolwaling district of Nepal.





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Mount Everest Shrank as Nepal Quake Lifted Kathmandu

 Apr 30 2015,

 http://www.nbcnews.com/science/environment/mt-everest-shrank-nepal-quake-lifted-kathmandu-n351271

The first good view of the aftermath of Nepal's deadly earthquake from a satellite reveals that a broad swath of ground near Kathmandu lifted vertically, by about three feet, which could explain why damage in the city was so severe.
The new information comes from Europe's Sentinel-1A radar satellite. The images also reveal that some of the world's tallest peaks — including Mount Everest — dropped by about one inch, according to the nonprofit UNAVCO, a geoscience research consortium. That's because the Earth's crust relaxed in the areas north of the Kathmandu, after the earthquake released pent-up strain.


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Tibetan Plateau was larger than previously thought, geologists say


Date:
April 11, 2014
Source:
Syracuse University
Summary:
The Tibetan Plateau -- the world's largest, highest, and flattest plateau -- had a larger initial extent than previously documented, Earth scientists have demonstrated. Known as the "Roof of the World," the Tibetan Plateau covers more than 970,000 square miles in Asia and India and reaches heights of over 15,000 feet. The plateau also contains a host of natural resources, including large mineral deposits and tens of thousands of glaciers, and is the headwaters of many major drainage basins.

http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2014/04/140411091949.htm


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Rising mountains dried out Central Asia

December 11, 2013

The uplift of two mountain ranges in Central Asia beginning 30 million years ago expanded the Gobi Desert and set Central Asia on its path to extreme aridity, a new study suggests.

http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2013/12/131211104632.htm




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Identifying ancient droughts in China

Date:
March 8, 2012
Source:
The Geological Society of America
Summary:
Drought events are largely unknown in Earth's history, because reconstruction of ancient hydrological conditions remains difficult due to lack of proxy. New research uses a microbial lipid proxy of highly alkaline conditions to identify enhanced aridity in Miocene sediments on the Tibetan Plateau. This enhanced aridity is associated with significant uplift of the Tibetan Plateau nine million years ago.

 http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2012/03/120308062539.htm




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Pollutants waft over the Himalayas


 14 April 2015

World’s highest mountain range is no barrier to smoke from south Asia’s cooking stoves and forest fires.

 Pollutants on the icy Tibetan Plateau, which absorb solar radiation and are accelerating the melting of snow and ice, are known to come from as far afield as Africa and Europe. But work by Chinese researchers now suggests a brownish haze of pollution from forest fires, crop burning and domestic cooking stoves in south Asia is also contributing to the problem. It can waft up and over the Himalayas to settle on the plateau, they report.


“Many people assume that pollutants piling up on the southern slope of the Himalayas would not go anywhere because the mountains are simply too high,” says Cong Zhiyuan, an environmental scientist at the Chinese Academy of Sciences’ Institute of Tibetan Plateau Research in Beijing.
There were indirect signs that pollution could travel over or around the mountain range: for example, ice-core samples taken from the southeastern Tibetan Plateau show rising soot concentrations during times of rapid industrial growth in India. In two studies — one published last week1, and one earlier this year2 — Cong and his colleagues report more definitive evidence that the Himalayas do not block pollution's passage from the south: they find similar types and concentrations of pollutants on both the south and north sides of Mount Everest.

 http://www.nature.com/news/pollutants-waft-over-the-himalayas-1.17312

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Pollutants Now Accumulating in Himalayas and Tibetan Plateau

The accumulation of DDT in the Himalayas exceeds levels found in the Arctic

In 2008, Xu and his colleagues first reported the presence of DDT, hexachlorocyclohexanes (HCHs), and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) in the East Rongbuk Glacier near Mount Everest. “Their levels correlate well with human use of those chemicals,” says Wang Xiaoping, an environment scientist at the ITP who was lead author of that study. For instance, the amount of DDT fell sharply during the 1970s, when many European countries started to ban its use, but rose again after 1990s, when its use rose heavily in the Indian subcontinent.

 http://www.scientificamerican.com/article.cfm?id=organic-pollutants-now-accumulating-in-himalayas-and-tibetan-plateau
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Is dust pollution speeding up melting of Himalayan glaciers? -

 

 

Bangalore, Aug 5 (IANS) The International Association of Cryospheric Sciences (IACS) proposes to set up a working group to study the impact of dust and black carbon from forest fires on the accelerated melting of snow and glaciers on the Himalayas. The decision was taken at a recent meeting in Davos, Switzerland.
Cryosphere collectively describes the portions of the Earth's surface where water is in the form of ice, snow, glaciers and frozen ground. The IACS was created in 2007 as a separate body within the International Union of Geology and Geophysics (IUGG) to promote research in this area through international coordination.
Ramesh Singh at the School of Earth and Environmental Sciences of Chapman University in California, who was formerly a professor of the Indian Institute of Technology in Kanpur, has been asked by the IACS to submit a detailed proposal bringing out objectives of the proposed working group.
While at Kanpur, Singh used optical and microwave remote sensing satellite data extensively over the Himalayan region and also had a research project for three years jointly with the Snow and Avalanche Institute in Manali under the defence ministry.
While analyzing the satellite data, Singh noticed during the winter season a vast pool of atmospheric pollution over the Indo-Gangetic plains reaching all the way to the Himalayan foothills.
"The dust which is very common in the western parts of India almost every year (during April-June) reaches to the western parts of the Himalayas," Singh told IANS.
He said the dust also enhanced water vapour and carbon monoxide in the atmosphere resulting in the warming up of the troposphere, especially in the western parts of the Himalayan region accelerating the melting of glaciers there.
He added that pollution in the Indo-Gangetic plains from industrial activities, biomass burning and sometimes forest fires further contributed to the warming of troposphere and the Himalayan snow/glaciers.
In the eastern parts of the Himalayan region, black carbon from the forest fires in countries on the eastern side of India "deposits on the snow/glaciers of the Himalaya and Tibetan region", Singh said.
According to Singh, it is difficult to say which one affects the glaciers most -- black carbon or the dust.
"In theory, black carbon is a lot more effective but generally the dust concentration is much higher than black carbon and therefore dust can have larger impact," he said.
"It really depends on the relative concentrations of dust and black carbon and a coordinated study is needed to understand this."
Singh added that under the proposed Himalayan ice melt collaborative study, India's ministry of earth sciences may consider deploying a network of automatic weather stations and dust monitoring stations.
"This will give us a quantitative idea of dust reaching the Himalayan region and also if the dust is mixed with black carbon particles emitted from the industry, vehicles, biomass burning and forest fires so that an accurate atmospheric and ground heating can be estimated to calculate the melting of snow/glaciers of the Himalayan region," Singh said.

 

 http://articles.timesofindia.indiatimes.com/2013-08-05/global-warming/41091976_1_himalayan-glaciers-black-carbon-dust-pollution 

 

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 Soot packs a punch on Tibetan Plateau's climate

 

 March 3, 2011

 

Date:
March 3, 2011
Source:
DOE/Pacific Northwest National Laboratory
Summary:
New research shows that soot from industrial and agricultural pollution is landing on the Tibetan Plateau is causing snow to melt earlier on the plateau. As a result, India and China are experiencing wetter winters, drier summers and stronger monsoons.

 http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2011/03/110303163320.htm

 

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Do the Himalaya Export Air Pollutants from the Ganges Basin?

 04/2009

The Ganges Basin in South Asia ranks close to Eastern China in both population and air pollutant emissions. During the winter-spring dry season it often experiences a similar "atmospheric brown cloud" haze layer of aerosols and trace gases. Global model results, however, have suggested that the Ganges Basin's contribution to long distance pollution transport is significantly less than that of Eastern China. The assumption is that, for much of the dry season, the Ganges Basin experiences a large-scale inversion that suppresses vertical mixing of pollutants into the jet stream aloft. Yet both observations at high-altitude stations (such as the Nepal Climate Observatory - Pyramid station located at 5079 meters above sea level near Everest Base Camp) and vertically resolved satellite data show significant pollution levels at high altitudes over the Himalaya, which line the northern edge of the Ganges Basin. Using the WRF model at resolutions as high as 1 km, along with photography over the Himalaya, we present several mechanisms by which pollutants from the boundary layer over the Ganges Basin can be transported vertically by Himalaya meteorology to heights where they can mix into the jetstream and be exported long distances. These mechanisms are closely tied to the shape of the topography and operate at scales of less than a few kilometers while global model grid spacing typically exceeds 100 km. We attempt to sum up the total contribution to pollutant export by the entire Himalaya region, and discuss the implications for both air quality over the Ganges Basin and global atmospheric chemistry and climate. 

http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2009EGUGA..1111081P

 

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High black carbon and ozone concentrations during pollution transport in the Himalayas: Five years of continuous observations at NCO-P global GAW station

 http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1001074212602423


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Impacts of Black Carbon (BC)
Pollution on Himalayan Glaciers

 2011

Recently glaciers in the High Asia are mostly
retreating, but some are still advancing/stable.

http://ec.europa.eu/dgs/jrc/downloads/jrc_aaas2011_climate_yasunari.pdf

 

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East Himalayan forests turning brown: Study


http://economictimes.indiatimes.com/environment/global-warming/east-himalayan-forests-turning-brown-study/articleshow/24455913.cms

 

  ______________________________________________

 

Combustion mechanism to better predict warming by wildfires uncovered by scientists

Date:
August 4, 2014
Source:
DOE/Los Alamos National Laboratory
Summary:
Scientists have uncovered key attributes of so-called 'brown carbon' from wildfires, airborne atmospheric particles that may have influenced current climate models that failed to take the material's warming effects into account.

 

 http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2014/08/140804171540.htm

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Himalayan pollution 'could impact monsoon cycle'

[KATHMANDU] Researchers have shown that pollution from China, India, Nepal and Pakistan can reach altitudes of over 5,000 metres in the Himalayas, contributing to the warming of the atmosphere and potentially affecting the South-East Asian monsoon cycle.
They also found that new aerosol particles — ultrafine particles suspended in the atmosphere — can form at these heights.
The French–Italian team, whose findings were published in Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences this week (13 October), conducted their study over a 16-month period at the Himalayan Nepal Climate Observatory site in Nepal's Khumbu Valley, located at an altitude of 5,079 metres.


http://www.scidev.net/global/pollution/news/himalayan-pollution-could-impact-monsoon-cycle-.html






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A new look at air pollution sources and atmosphere-warming particles in South Asia

 October 18, 2013


New research provides most thorough analysis yet of outdoor cremation ritual emissions in South Asia. While past studies identify black carbon aerosols emitted from combustion of fossil fuels and residential biofuels as the dominant light-absorbing aerosol in the region; new research shows funeral pyre emissions contain sunlight-absorbing organic carbon aerosols known as brown carbon, and underscores the importance of quantifying and characterizing region-specific, cultural combustion activities to enhance existing aerosol emission budgets and climate models.

http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2013/10/131018132306.htm



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New type of soot particle discovered from wildfire emissions

Date:
July 7, 2014
Source:
Desert Research Institute
Summary:
A team of scientists reports the observation of a previously unrecognized form of soot particle, identified as 'superaggregates,' from wildfire emissions. These particles were detected in smoke plumes from wildfires in Northern California, New Mexico, Mexico City, and India. These particles contribute up to 90-percent more warming than spherical sub-micrometer soot particles, which current climate models use.
http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2014/07/140707103639.htm


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Half of inhaled soot particles from diesel exhaust, fires gets stuck in the lungs

Date:
June 27, 2012
Source:
Lund University
Summary:
The exhaust from diesel-fueled vehicles, wood fires and coal-driven power stations contains small particles of soot that flow out into the atmosphere. The soot is a scourge for the climate but also for human health. Now for the first time, researchers have studied in detail how diesel soot gets stuck in the lungs. The results show that more than half of all inhaled soot particles remain in the body.

http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2012/06/120627092016.htm





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Indoor and outdoor air pollution in the Himalayas.


http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19994951

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Aircraft observations of elevated pollution layers near the foothills of the Himalayas during CAIPEEX-2009

 Pre-monsoon aerosols in the northern part of India may play an important role in the advancement of the monsoon. This study investigates the properties of aerosols and their spatial and vertical distribution near the foothills of the Himalayas using data from an instrumented aircraft during the Cloud Aerosol Interactions and Precipitation Enhancement Experiment (CAIPEEX), 2009. CAIPEEX was conducted over five days during May 2009 in the northern part of India near the foothills of the Himalayas. On all the flight days thick haze was observed, with elevated aerosol layers up to 4 km with varying concentrations. The sources are identified as being from local anthropogenic activities such as biomass burning, as inferred from MODIS fire maps and dust from local as well as from long-range transport, as suggested by trajectory analysis. The aerosol size distributions depict the increases in both fine and coarse mode aerosols in polluted layers. This indicates that aerosols over this region are well mixed and the vertical distribution is a mixture of both biomass burning and dust aerosols at different altitudes, as also observed by CALIPSO and inferred from Mie calculations. Clouds observed above the elevated aerosol layers showed higher droplet concentrations (200–1400 cm−3) with small effective radii (3.5 to < 6 µm). Ice phase observed above 6 km at temperatures lower than −14°C might be due to the presence of dust aerosol acting as potential ice nuclei. Copyright © 2012 Royal Meteorological Society

 http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/qj.1989/abstract




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As Himalayan Glaciers Melt,
Two Towns Face the Fallout


24 MAR 2015

For two towns in northern India, melting glaciers have had very different impacts — one town has benefited from flowing streams and bountiful harvests; but the other has seen its water supplies dry up and now is being forced to relocate.

http://e360.yale.edu/feature/as_himalayan_glaciers_melt_two_towns_face_the_fallout/2858/ 



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Brahmaputra valley pushing 'glacier-melting pollutants' into Himalayas

Black Carbon aerosols absorb incoming sunlight and trap heat in the atmosphere. They act like an invisible blanket that warm up the atmosphere. The researchers calculated that the blanket effect of BC on any non-cloudy, winter day in Guwahati, resulted in shooting up the temperature by 2°C more than what it would have been without the aerosols. For example, during January and February of 2011 if the temperature of Guwahati was 25°C with the aerosols, the researchers say it would have actually recorded 23°C without the pollutants. This temperature increase could also hold true during other seasons of the year, Chakrabarty says.

http://www.natureasia.com/en/nindia/article/10.1038/nindia.2012.71


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It is still being debated, about the exact fate of the glaciers, in the Himalayas.


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 Glacier changes at the top of the world: Over 70 percent of glacier volume in Everest region could be lost by 2100

May 27, 2015

If greenhouse-gas emissions continue to rise, glaciers in the Everest region of the Himalayas could experience dramatic change in the decades to come. A team of researchers in Nepal, France and the Netherlands have found Everest glaciers could be very sensitive to future warming, and that sustained ice loss through the 21st century is likely. The research is published today (27 May) in The Cryosphere, an open access journal of the European Geosciences Union (EGU).

http://phys.org/news/2015-05-glacier-world-percent-volume-everest.html#jCp


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Central Asia’s glaciers may lose half their ice by mid-century


The speed at which the warming climate is melting glaciers in Central Asia may ruin the water supply of millions of people within 50 years.
LONDON, 22 August, 2015 – Glaciers in the largest mountain range in Central Asia, the Tien Shan, have lost over a quarter of their mass in the last 50 years, and nearly a fifth of their area.
An international team of researchers estimates that since the 1960s the glaciers have shrunk by almost 3,000 square kilometres, losing an average of 60 sq km of ice annually. 
The Tien Shan reach almost 7,500 metres (24,500 feet) in height, and are a vital reservoir for the countries through which they pass – China, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan and Uzbekistan.

http://www.climatenewsnetwork.net/category/mountains/  ???!



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 However, we can see that recent articles have stated, that it has been the wettest in four millennia, in Tibet.

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Recent decades likely wettest in four millennia in Tibet


February 11, 2014
 Recent decades may have been the wettest in 3,500 years in North East Tibet -- according to climate researchers. Researchers looked at 3,500-year-long tree ring records from North East Tibet to estimate annual precipitation. They found that recent decades have likely been the wettest on record in this semi-arid region.

 http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2014/02/140211094203.htm

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More grasslands in Tibet could bring climate improvements

Date:
August 20, 2015
Source:
University of Gothenburg
Summary:
In the Arctic, enhanced vegetation growth amplifies global warming. On the Tibetan Plateau, however, the situation is the reverse. "The trend in Tibet is the opposite of what we are seeing in the Arctic," says an expert. "By restoring grasslands there, the climate can be improved -- both locally and globally."

 http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2015/08/150820082340.htm

In the Arctic, enhanced vegetation growth amplifies global warming. On the Tibetan Plateau, however, the situation is the reverse.
"The trend in Tibet is the opposite of what we are seeing in the Arctic," says Professor Deliang Chen from the University of Gothenburg. "By restoring grasslands there, the climate can be improved -- both locally and globally."
In the Arctic, warming increases like a spiral. Global warming means that the periods of growth are becoming longer and vegetation growth is increasing. At the same time, heat transfer to the Arctic from lower latitudes is rising, reducing sea ice there, and this in turn is contributing towards a faster local rise in temperature.
New research shows the reverse effect on the Tibetan Plateau
A new research study published in the journal PNAS shows that the situation is the reverse on the Tibetan Plateau.
Vegetation on the Tibetan Plateau has also increased as a result of global warming. However, in contrast to the Arctic areas, the longer periods of growth and the increased vegetation activity here appear to mean that global warming is being weakened.
"The reason for this is that increased evapotranspiration from plants is cooling the air," explains Deliang Chen, Professor of Physical Meteorology at the University of Gothenburg.
Restoring grasslands may improve the climate
The climate models also simulate daytime cooling as a result of the increased vegetation, albeit with a smaller magnitude than currently observed.
"Our results suggest that actions to restore native grasslands in degraded areas, roughly one-third of the plateau, will both facilitate a sustainable ecological development in this region and bring local and global climate benefits."
More accurate simulations of the biophysical coupling between the land surface and the atmosphere are needed to help fully understand regional climate change over the Tibetan Plateau.






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We need to stop the exploitation of children in Nepal, China and the world.

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101 East - Nepal: Children for sale

Sep 23, 2011

With weak law enforcement, can foreigners adopting children from Nepal be sure that they are really orphans?

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Grys7KSqrX8


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The people of Tibet lost their independence, for several reasons. Those reasons include political, and religious reasons as well. Tibet was a free country, and now is controlled by an oppressive government. The majority of people believe that the main reason why Tibet lost its independence, is because Tibet was a free nation. Tibet stood in the way of a one world government, including a one world religion.  Tibet has a unique culture. We can now see how the culture of Tibet, including the ecosystem of many Tibetan people, is now being threatened by domestic & foreign influences. This also includes other countries, that are losing their independence, such as the genocide of the Armenian people.



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Chapter 15: Chemical pollution

______________________________________________
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Research in China finds air pollution significantly shortened life expectancy

 July, 2013

BEIJING – A new study links heavy air pollution from coal burning to shorter lives in northern China. Researchers estimate that the half-billion people alive there in the 1990s will live an average of 5 1/2 years less than their southern counterparts because they breathed dirtier air.


http://globalnews.ca/news/706774/research-in-china-finds-air-pollution-significantly-shortened-life-expectancy-2/
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Nitrogen Pollution Soars in China



Nitrogen-containing pollutants from agriculture, transport and industry in China has increased by more than half in 30 years, a study shows, adding to concerns about the country’s deteriorating environment.
“Rapid economic growth in China has driven high levels of nitrogen emissions in the past few decades,” says Zhang Fusuo, an agriculture researcher at the China Agricultural University in Beijing and a co-author of the study.
Once emitted into the air, key nitrogen pollutants — ammonia and nitrogen oxides — can be transformed to secondary pollutants such as ammonium and nitrates, and then washed to Earth by rain and snow. The process, known as nitrogen deposition, can do great damage to ecosystems, causing soil acidification, fertilizing harmful algal blooms and threatening biodiversity, says Zhang. But until his study, “there was little direct evidence for the magnitude of the problem in China”.

 http://www.scientificamerican.com/article/nitrogen-pollution-soars-in-china/

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China approves massive new coal capacity despite pollution fears

Jan, 2014 


* Beijing approves 15 new large coal mining projects over year
* Total new capacity, including small mines, likely to be higher
* Capacity to increase by 860 mln T over 2011-2015 period


BEIJING, Jan 8 (Reuters) - China approved the construction of more than 100 million tonnes of new coal production capacity in 2013 - six times more than a year earlier and equal to 10 percent of U.S. annual usage - flying in the face of plans to tackle choking air pollution.

The scale of the increase, which only includes major mines, reflects Beijing's aim to put 860 million tonnes of new coal production capacity into operation over the five years to 2015, more than the entire annual output of India.



 http://www.reuters.com/article/2014/01/07/china-coal-idUSL3N0K90H720140107



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China Air Pollution Triple WHO Recommended Levels in First Half


July 31, 2013

Air pollution in China’s largest cities, as measured by the concentration of fine particulates that pose the greatest health risk, was three-times worse in the first half of the year than levels advised by the World Health Organization.

http://www.bloomberg.com/news/2013-07-31/china-air-pollution-triple-who-recommended-levels-in-first-half.html

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First evidence that dust and sand deposits in China are controlled by rivers

Date:
October 14, 2013
Source:
University of Royal Holloway London
Summary:
New research has found the first evidence that large rivers control desert sands and dust in Northern China.

New research published today in the journal Quaternary Science Reviews has found the first evidence that large rivers control desert sands and dust in Northern China.
Northern China holds some of the world's most significant wind-blown dust deposits, known as loess. The origin of this loess-forming dust and its relationship to sand has previously been the subject of considerable debate.
The team of researchers led by Royal Holloway University, analysed individual grains of fine wind-blown dust deposited in the Chinese Loess Plateau that has formed thick deposits over the past 2.5 million years. As part of this, they also analysed the Mu Us desert in Inner Mongolia and the Yellow River, one of the world's longest rivers, to identify links between the dust deposits and nearby deserts and rivers.
The results showed that the Yellow River transports large quantities of sediment from northern Tibet to the Mu Us desert and further suggests that the river contributes a significant volume of material to the Loess Plateau.


 http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2013/10/131014221537.htm




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Toxic heavy metal contamination and risk assessment of street dust in small towns of Shanghai suburban area, China.  

 2012 Apr 15

 The aims of this paper were to quantify the heavy metal concentrations in street dust of small towns in Shanghai suburban area compared with those in urban area, and examine their seasonal and spatial variations, and to assess their risks to water environment and local populations. Street dust samples were collected from three small towns and urban area in Shanghai in different seasons. Levels of heavy metals were determined by atomic adsorption spectrophotometer analyzer. The method of potential ecological risk index and the health risk assessment model were used to evaluate the potential risks to water bodies and local residents, respectively. The mean metal concentrations in street dust of small towns were far above soil background values but still lower than those in the urban area. No significant seasonal change was observed except for Cr, Ni, and Zn concentrations. Higher metal concentrations tended to be located in central area of towns and township roads. The integrated metal contamination was high and posed a strong potential ecological risk. Children had greater health risk than adults. The carcinogenic risk probabilities were under the acceptable level. The hazard index values to children were close to the safe level. Street dust from the studied area has been contaminated by heavy metals. The contamination of these elements is related more to the pollution source than seasonal change. The combination of the six metals may threaten the water environment and has non-cancer health risk to children, but not to adults.

 http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22529006
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Spatial distribution and health risk assessment of toxic metals associated with receptor population density in street dust: a case study of Xiandao District, Changsha, Middle China.


 2015-05-01

 Spatial characteristics of the properties (dust organic material and pH), concentrations, and enrichment levels of toxic metals (Ni, Hg, Mn and As) in street dust from Xiandao District (Middle China) were investigated. Method of incorporating receptor population density into noncarcinogenic health risk assessment based on local land use map and geostatistics was developed to identify their priority pollutants/regions of concern. Mean enrichment factors of studied metals decreased in the order of Hg ? As > Mn > Ni. For noncarcinogenic effects, the exposure pathway which resulted in the highest levels of exposure risk for children and adults was ingestion except Hg (inhalation of vapors), followed by dermal contact and inhalation. Hazard indexes (HIs) for As, Hg, Mn, and Ni to children and adults revealed the following order: As > Hg > Mn > Ni. Mean HI for As exceeded safe level (1) for children, and the maximum HI (0.99) for Hg was most approached the safe level. Priority regions of concern were indentified in A region at each residential population density and the areas of B at high and moderate residential population density for As and the high residential density area within A region for Hg, respectively. The developed method was proved useful due to its improvement on previous study for making the priority areas of environmental management spatially hierarchical and thus reducing the probability of excessive environmental management.

http://www.science.gov/topicpages/d/dust+toxicity+assessment.html#

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'Choking Smog' Shuts Down Huge Chinese City

  Oct 21, 2013

  The northeastern Chinese city of Harbin, population 11 million, has virtually shut down today thanks to air pollution; the smog is so heavy in places that you can't see beyond about 30 feet. It's this bad: "We were all late for class today because we couldn't find the academic building," noted a microblog user. The pollution is measured using an index that tracks fine particles in the air: Readings of 300 are considered dangerous, and the WHO puts a healthy daily level at 20 or below—so it's no surprise that Harbin, where the figure hit 1,000 in some sections, has closed schools, bus routes, and its airport, Reuters reports.

 

 http://www.newser.com/story/176217/choking-smog-shuts-down-huge-chinese-city.html



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101 East - China's dirty secrets

 Feb 4, 2011

 China's juggernaut economy is the envy of the world, but at what cost to the country's people and environment? 101 East investigates.

 https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=pLwVycO7V-k


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China's Pollution Is Creating Dangerous Smog in the U.S.


 

The Pacific Ocean's breeze carries more to the U.S. than surfing waves and warm weather. China's carbon emissions shore up, too.
A new study published this week claims that China's air pollution blows across the ocean and increases smog on the West Coast.


 http://mashable.com/2014/01/23/us-china-pollution/#6OU7oPWtWGqc


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Made in China: Up to a quarter of California smog

 21 January 2014

What goes around comes around – quite literally in the case of smog. The US has outsourced many of its production lines to China and, in return, global winds are exporting the Chinese factories’ pollution right back to the US.

https://www.newscientist.com/article/dn24909-made-in-china-up-to-a-quarter-of-california-smog/

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Toxic gas kills 4 in NW China landfill


August 5, 2012

 The bodies of four workers were pulled from a well Saturday after the men were allegedly poisoned to death by a gas leak while working at a landfill in northwest China's Ningxia Hui autonomous region.

 http://www.china.org.cn/china/2012-08/05/content_26133728.htm




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Move Over, Smog: China's Water Pollution Off the Charts (LinkAsia: 3/1/13)


A side effect of rapid industrialization and few regulations, China's rivers are often treated as little more than sewers. But as LinkAsia contributor Mark Dreyer reports, an online campaign to clean up the country's water is gathering steam.


http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=HePvTuATnjw

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Green Technology Is Causing China's Pollution Says Chinese Official | China Uncensored

Apr 26, 2013

A Chinese official says foreigners and green technology is to blame for China's pollution. Pollution in China is out of hand. Whether it's air, water, or land pollution, the damage to China's environment unparalleled. But now things are going to change. One Chinese official has figured out what is causing all of Beijing's pollution—foreigners! On this episode of China Uncensored, Chris Chappell takes a look at some of the more inventive ways that Chinese officials have come up with of dealing with China's environmental pollution.

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=WMaewNfdjJU

______________________________________________

Levels of PCDDs, PCDFs, and dioxin-like PCBs in human milk among Hong Kong mothers.


http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22939609

______________________________________________

Butyltin contamination in sediments and seawater from Kaohsiung Harbor, Taiwan.

 http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19779842

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Air pollution in western, southern Taiwan at unhealthy levels

 2014/01/19

 http://focustaiwan.tw/news/asoc/201401190011.aspx

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Wishing Pollution Were Unmade in Taiwan



 TAIPEI, Taiwan— Two plastic bottles and an aluminum can hang out to dry on her porch, and a tall stack of waste papers are piled neatly on a desk, as Mary M. L. Chen does battle against one of Taiwan's most daunting challenges in its entry to the industrialized world: pollution...


With 20 million people, Taiwan has apopulation density 21 times that of the United States, and the number of factories per unit of area is 2.6 times that in Japan, according to official statistics. 

Moreover, this island has more than 11 million motor vehicles, and each month 10,000 newly purchased cars are added to the streets of Taipei alone. Parking spaces are so scarce that buying one can cost more than $100,000.


 http://www.nytimes.com/1990/10/30/world/wishing-pollution-were-unmade-in-taiwan.html


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Distribution of polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins and dibenzofurans (PCDDs/Fs) and dioxin-like polychlorinated biphenyls (dioxin-like PCBs) in the soil in a typical area of eastern China.


 http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/18762381
______________________________________________

Total mercury, methylmercury and selenium in mercury polluted areas in the province Guizhou, China.



 http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/12663187

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Analysis and occurrence of emerging chlorinated and brominated flame retardants in surficial sediment of the Dalian coastal area in China.



 http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21956524


______________________________________________

Trace metal concentrations in suspended particles, sediments and clams (Ruditapes philippinarum) from Jiaozhou Bay of China.


 http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/16738770


______________________________________________

Sex-dependent accumulation and maternal transfer of Dechlorane Plus flame retardant in fish from an electronic waste recycling site in South China.


 Knowledge is limited on sex-related accumulation and maternal transfer of Dechlorane Plus (DP) flame retardant in wildlife. In the present study, DP isomers were examined in liver and eggs of two fish species, northern snakehead and crucian carp, from an electronic waste recycling site in China. Hepatic ∑DP (sum of syn- and anti-DP) concentrations ranged 260-1920 ng/g lipid in northern snakehead and 340-1670 ng/g in crucian carp, with significantly higher levels in males relative to females. ∑DP concentrations ranged 4.6-310 ng/g lipid in the eggs, demonstrating their maternal transfer in the female fish. The mean eggs to liver concentration ratios (E/L ratios) were 0.03 and 0.03 in northern snakehead, and 0.26 and 0.25 in crucian carp, for syn- and anti-DP, respectively. A significantly negative correlation between the E/L ratios and the hepatic DP concentrations was observed, indicating a dose-dependent maternal transfer of DP isomers in the fish.

 http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23500052

______________________________________________


Tissue distribution, maternal transfer, and age-related accumulation of dechloranes in Chinese sturgeon.

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22913883


______________________________________________



Dechlorane Plus flame retardant in kingfishers (Alcedo atthis) from an electronic waste recycling site and a reference site, South China: influence of residue levels on the isomeric composition.

 http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23246747


______________________________________________



Dechloranes in a river in northeastern China: spatial trends in multi-matrices and bioaccumulation in fish (Enchelyopus elongatus).


 http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22863566


______________________________________________

Concentration and bioaccumulation of dechlorane compounds in coastal environment of northern China.


 http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21351765


______________________________________________


Polychlorinated biphenyls, polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins and dibenzofurans in marine and lacustrine sediments from the Shandong Peninsula, China.


 http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19959279

______________________________________________


Polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs) in the riverine and marine sediments of the Laizhou Bay area, North China.


http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21423921

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Concentrations of PCDD/PCDFs and PCBs in retail foods and an assessment of dietary intake for local population of Shenzhen in China.

August 2008

Concentrations of 17 polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins and dibenzofurans (PCDD/Fs) and 12 dioxin-like polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) as well as 6 marker PCBs were measured in 11 varieties of food groups in total 110 food samples by isotope dilution HRGC/HRMS. PCDD/Fs and PCBs dietary intake for local population was estimated using total WHO-TEQ concentration and different food consumption amount of the local population.

Results

The median WHO-TEQ concentrations of sum of PCDD/Fs and DL-PCBs varied from 0.0093 pg/g (parts per trillion) in vegetable to 9.89 pg/g in fish. Fish was followed by egg 2.46, chicken 1.73, beef 0.94, mutton 0.82, duck 0.39, pork 0.37, milk powder 0.25, vegetable oil 0.076, cereals 0.022 pg/g and vegetable. The monthly intake of PCDD/Fs and PCBs were 40.9 pg WHO-TEQ/kg b.w. for local population. Sum of fish, livestock, and poultry contributed 77% to the Estimated Monthly Intake (EMI) in local population.

Conclusion

Estimated dietary intake of PCDD/Fs and DL-PCBs for local population was below the provisional tolerable monthly intake(PTMI) set by Joint FAO/WHO Expert Committee on Food Additives (JECFA).

http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S016041200800010X

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A national survey of polychlorinated dioxins, furans (PCDD/Fs) and dioxin-like polychlorinated biphenyls (dl-PCBs) in human milk in China.


 http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19251302


______________________________________________



Levels of PCDD/Fs and DL-PCBs in selected foods and estimated dietary intake for the local residents of Luqiao and Yuhang in Zhejiang, China.

 http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21788061

______________________________________________



A total diet study to estimate PCDD/Fs and dioxin-like PCBs intake from food in Taiwan.

 http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/17215025

______________________________________________

Dechlorane Plus flame retardant in terrestrial raptors from northern China.

 http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23416272

______________________________________________



Persistent organochlorine residues in sediments of Haihe River and Dagu Drainage River in Tianjin, China.

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/16312993


______________________________________________


Butyltin contamination in sediments and seawater from Kaohsiung Harbor, Taiwan.



 http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19779842



______________________________________________

Seasonal variations of imposex indices and butyltin concentrations in the rock shell Thais clavigera collected from Hong Kong waters.


 http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21429533

 ______________________________________________

Abundances, depositional fluxes, and homologue patterns of polychlorinated biphenyls in dated sediment cores from the Pearl River Delta, China.

 http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/15667074


______________________________________________

Dioxin-like compounds in sediments from the Daliao River Estuary of Bohai Sea: distribution and their influencing factors.



 http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21470642



______________________________________________

Polychlorinated biphenyls in urban lake sediments from wuhan, central China: occurrence, composition, and sedimentary record.

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19465719


______________________________________________

Occurrence and possible sources of polychlorinated biphenyls in surface sediments from the Wuhan reach of the Yangtze River, China.

 http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19108865


______________________________________________

[Assessment of PCB pollution in spatial distribution and analysis of the PCB sources in sediments in China].



http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/16686180

______________________________________________



Seasonal variations of imposex indices and butyltin concentrations in the rock shell Thais clavigera collected from Hong Kong waters.



 http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21429533


______________________________________________


A spatial temporal assessment of pollution from PCBs in China.


 http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/15964056



______________________________________________


Levels of persistent organic pollutants in air in China and over the Yellow Sea

January 2007

http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1352231006008600

______________________________________________

Huang He River or the Yellow River


Environmental Issues - pollution and flooding

Due to the pollution caused by factories discharging their waste and also sewage from China's fast growing cities, this has left one third of the Yellow River unusable for either agricultural or industrial use. A report carried out at the end of 2010 said that waste and sewage discharged into the river totaled 4.29 billion tonnes and industry and manufacture made up 70% of the discharge into the river! This is a huge problem that has to be addressed as China has an enormous population that must be fed. As a result The Yellow River Conservancy Commission has recently been set up to survey the problem and try and solve some of these issues.

 http://5mwaterworld.wikispaces.com/HUANG+%28HWANG%29+RIVER
______________________________________________


Evaluation of atmospheric sources of PCDD/Fs, PCBs and PBDEs around a steel industrial complex in northeast China using passive air samplers.

 http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21726889

______________________________________________



Levels and distribution of PCDD/Fs, dl-PCBs, and organochlorine pesticides in sediments from the lower reaches of the Haihe River basin, China.

 http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22527459


______________________________________________



China's water pollution by persistent organic pollutants.




 http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22325437

______________________________________________



Vertical fluxes and accumulation of organochlorine pesticides in sediments of Haihe River, Tianjin, China.

 http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19132283

______________________________________________



Occurrence of polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins, dibenzofurans and biphenyls pollution in sediments from the Haihe River and Dagu Drainage River in Tianjin City, China.

 http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/17509656

______________________________________________



Distribution and ecological risk of polychlorinated biphenyls and organochlorine pesticides in surficial sediments from Haihe River and Haihe Estuary Area, China.


 http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20092869


______________________________________________

DDT levels in human milk in Hong Kong, 2001-02.

 http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/18640700

______________________________________________



A review on the usage of POP pesticides in China, with emphasis on DDT loadings in human milk.



 http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/15949838

______________________________________________


Relationship between serum concentrations of polychlorinated biphenyls and organochlorine pesticides and dietary habits of pregnant women in Shanghai.


 http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21665017

______________________________________________


Organochlorine pesticides, polychlorinated biphenyls and polybrominated diphenyl ethers in Singapore's coastal marine sediments.

 http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/15639264

______________________________________________

Body burden of POPs of Hong Kong residents, based on human milk, maternal and cord serum.


 http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20828823

______________________________________________



Soil pollution survey results won’t be made public: Ministry


 2013-02-26

 http://english.sina.com/china/2013/0225/565246.html


______________________________________________


Most Polluted Rivers and Lakes in the World

Around 2,800 factories line the shores of Lake Tai, the 3rd biggest lake in China, adding to its title among the largest and most polluted in the country. Representatives have estimated a big $14.4 billion cost to clean up all the industrial dumping and sewage that contaminates these waters. Currently the waters have a green tint from all of the algae flourishing thanks to their ample source of industrial pollution in the lake.

 http://greenbuzzz.com/environment/most-polluted-rivers-and-lakes-in-the-world/



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The Problems of Deforestation in Asia

China’s disappearing forests

Only 2% of China’s forests remain intact, and only 0.1 percent of these surviving forests are properly protected. The rest are threatened by plantations: in Hainan and Yunnan, for example, indigenous trees are felled to make way for fast-growing eucalyptus plantations, which are used to make paper pulp.
Unfortunately – though they both contain trees – plantations and ancient forests are not the same in terms of ecology. Ancient forests are crucial to biodiversity and provide habitats for many native species of animals and plants. They also store millennia-worth of carbon, which is released as carbon dioxide (a greenhouse gas) when the trees are logged.


http://www.greenpeace.org/eastasia/campaigns/forests/problems/

______________________________________________


China's Great Wall of Trees Is Helping Reverse Deforestation 

4/28/15

According to a recent study in Nature Climate Change from researchers at the University of New South Wales, Australia, humans have planted enough vegetation since 2003 to consume four billion tons of carbon worldwide, thanks largely in part to China.
Of course, that four billion is a drop in the bucket: There’re a whopping 60 billion tons of fossil fuel-emitted carbon that still need slurping up.
The study used satellite surveillance to track changes in the Earth’s biomass, monitoring satellite measurements of natural radio waves our planet emits. It found that the spike in plant life can thank a few factors, including increased rainfall in Australian, African, and South American savannas.
But China’s “Great Green Wall” project has been the biggest boost. It’s an initiative to cover a span of 2,800 miles in northern China with greenery to halt the ever-expanding Gobi desert. Planting the mondo forest began in 1978, and the aim is to hit a billion trees by 2050. (China releases the most GHG emissions in the world, followed by the U.S. and then the E.U.)
This isn’t the first time in recent years forests have been man-made en masse. Across the pond in Japan, renowned octogenarian botanist Akira Miyawaki has helped plant 40 million trees in 1700 global locations—and even developed a means of buffering tsunami waves using dense planted forests built on high artificial hills.
As for fighting climate change? We can channel our inner Johnny Appleseeds all we want, but ditching dependence on gross fossil fuels needs to be top priority.


 http://gizmodo.com/chinas-great-wall-of-trees-is-helping-reverse-deforesta-1700429787

______________________________________________

The Chinese government claims that they want to do their part, to help with deforestation in China. However, China still has major investments, in timber resources from Africa.

______________________________________________

Why the US and China are Investing in Africa

 Aug 11, 2014
The US just pledged $14 billion to invest in African businesses and infrastructure, while China has been doing so for years. Here's why both are betting on Africa as the next big global market.

 https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=lq0bKvEg560&index=19&list=PLS0CO0PT_kEL-Qtb6i1L1ZmKanTGD4Ib-

______________________________________________


Could China Save The World?


 Nov 14, 2014


The U.S. and China just signed an agreement promising to cut down on greenhouse gas emissions in both countries. This is a big feat for the two largest polluters and can have a huge impact on the rest of the world. So what exactly does this agreement mean? And why does it matter for everyone else?

 https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=OC3ym2YyPIM&feature=youtu.be&list=PLS0CO0PT_kEL-Qtb6i1L1ZmKanTGD4Ib-

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Amid Heavy Pollution, Beijing Issues Emergency Rules to Protect Citizens

October 17, 2013

Snappily titled the Six Stops and One Wash, a new and complex string of regulations by the Beijing city government is aimed at combating the effects of persistent, heavy air pollution on the populace. A major rule will take private vehicles off the roads on alternate days, depending on their license plates, when pollution is especially bad.

The new measures were announced Thursday as air in the capital was deemed “heavily polluted,” according to government air quality readings. Air pollution is a chronic problem in large parts of China.

The regulations consist of a system of four colored alerts that will kick in when heavy pollution is forecast.
http://sinosphere.blogs.nytimes.com/2013/10/17/amid-heavy-pollution-beijing-issues-emergency-rules-to-protect-citizens/?partner=rss&emc=rss&_r=0


______________________________________________

Pollution Clears to Reveal a Beautiful Beijing




 http://www.greenoptimistic.com/pollution-beijing-clears/#.Ve-oNpe-2zk

Known for its ever-present dark cloud of pollution, Beijing got a rare glimpse of blue skies. The city temporarily banned five million cars from travelling the roads, and the results were beautiful.

For residents of Beijing, checking the air quality index is just another part of the day. Usually, they find that the air they breathe is “very unhealthy” to “hazardous”. 2015 has been a particularly bad year for pollution, and has even caused flight delays.

But Beijing wanted to celebrate the 70th anniversary of the day Japan officially surrendered during World War II with a big statement. Their decision to ban the cars was not to let traffic through, but specifically to clear the air for the event.


For two weeks, not only were cars banned, but factories were shut down as well.

With the air quality at a healthy 17 ppm out of a possible 500 ppm, citizens of the city enjoyed the outdoors for the parade before the smog was back on Friday.

Pollution is a hot topic in Beijing right now, and the government appears to be committed to reducing emissions for the health of both its citizens and the environment, even though the country has a reputation for prioritizing manufacturing and economic health over environmental.




____________________________________________




The 25 Most Polluted Places On Earth

 May, 2012

#10: Tianying, China

 

Accounting for over half of China’s lead production, this city is home to some of the worst cases of lead poisoning in the world.

 


 http://list25.com/the-25-most-polluted-places-on-earth/

______________________________________________


The 25 Most Polluted Places On Earth

 May, 2012

#3: Linfen, China

 

It has been said that if you hang your laundry out here, it will be black before it can even dry. Although Linfen was long considered the world’s most polluted city, small improvements have been made in recent years.

 


 http://list25.com/the-25-most-polluted-places-on-earth/

______________________________________________

China has not even put enough funds or support, including the input of data, to make a database and list of Superfund sites, in China.

______________________________________________

Does China have a program (or programs) similar to the EPA's Superfund? If so, what is it called and what are its major cleanup projects?



https://www.quora.com/Does-China-have-a-program-or-programs-similar-to-the-EPAs-Superfund-If-so-what-is-it-called-and-what-are-its-major-cleanup-projects

______________________________________________


Elevated nitrate enriches microbial functional genes for potential bioremediation of complexly contaminated sediments.

 http://www.researchgate.net/publication/261138154_Elevated_nitrate_enriches_microbial_functional_genes_
for_potential_bioremediation_of_complexly_contaminated_sediments


______________________________________________


Human Exposure Pathways of Heavy Metals in a Lead-Zinc Mining Area, Jiangsu Province, China.

http://www.researchgate.net/publication/233419335_Human_Exposure_Pathways_of_Heavy_Metals_in_a_Lead-Zinc_Mining_Area_Jiangsu_Province_China

______________________________________________


Determination of the metals by ICP-MS in wild mushrooms from Yunnan, China.

 http://www.researchgate.net/publication/230617398_Determination_of_the_metals_by_ICP-MS_in_wild_mushrooms_from_Yunnan_China


______________________________________________



Population health risk due to dietary intake of heavy metals in the industrial area of Huludao City, China.


 http://www.researchgate.net/publication/6074401_Population_health_risk_due_to_dietary_intake_of_heavy_metals_
in_the_industrial_area_of_Huludao_City_China

______________________________________________


Health risks of heavy metals to the general public in Tianjin, China via consumption of vegetables and fish.

 http://www.researchgate.net/publication/7539445_Health_risks_of_heavy_metals_to_the_general_public_in_
Tianjin_China_via_consumption_of_vegetables_and_fish


______________________________________________



Human Exposure Pathways of Heavy Metals in a Lead-Zinc Mining Area, Jiangsu Province, China.


2012 Nov

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3496726/

______________________________________________


Concentrations and health risks of lead, cadmium, arsenic, and mercury in rice and edible mushrooms in China.

 http://www.researchgate.net/publication/258425657_Concentrations_and_health_risks_of_lead_cadmium_arsenic_and_mercury_in_rice_and_edible_mushrooms_in_China


 ______________________________________________

Analysis on the Change of Grassland Coverage in the Source Region of Three Rivers during 2000-2012


 http://www.researchgate.net/publication/260910705_Analysis_on_the_Change_of_Grassland_Coverage_in_the_Source_Region_of_Three_Rivers_during_2000-2012


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Seasonal variations of air-sea CO2 fluxes in the largest tropical marginal sea (South China Sea) based on multiple-year underway measurements

 http://www.researchgate.net/publication/258758218_Seasonal_variations_of_air-sea_CO2_fluxes_in_the_largest_tropical_marginal_sea_%28South_China_Sea%29_based_on_multiple-year_underway_measurements


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Mercury contamination and its potential health effects in a lead–zinc mining area in the karst region of Guangxi, China


 http://www.researchgate.net/publication/229405504_Mercury_contamination_and_its_potential_health_effects_in_a_
leadzinc_mining_area_in_the_karst_region_of_Guangxi_China

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Assessment of Metals Pollution on Agricultural Soil Surrounding a Lead-Zinc Mining Area in the Karst Region of Guangxi, China.

 http://www.researchgate.net/publication/236104425_Assessment_of_Metals_Pollution_on_Agricultural_Soil_Surrounding_a_Lead-Zinc_Mining_Area_in_the_Karst_Region_of_Guangxi_China

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Sinks for inorganic nitrogen deposition in forest ecosystems with low and high nitrogen deposition in china.


 http://www.researchgate.net/publication/260447960_Sinks_for_inorganic_nitrogen_deposition_in_forest_ecosystems_
with_low_and_high_nitrogen_deposition_in_china


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Nitrogen addition reduces soil respiration in a mature
tropical forest in southern China

2007 
http://www.planta.cn/forum/files_planta/nitrogen_addition_reduces_soil_respiration_in_a_mature_tropical_forest_in_southern_china__gcb_j11365_2486200701503_327.pdf

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Magnetic response of heavy metals pollution in urban soils: magnetic proxy parameters as an indicator of heavy metals pollution


 http://www.iuss.org/19th%20WCSS/Symposium/pdf/0935.pdf


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Ecological risk assessment of heavy metals in sediment and human health risk assessment of heavy metals in fishes in the middle and lower reaches of the Yangtze River basin.

 http://www.researchgate.net/publication/51488871_Ecological_risk_assessment_of_heavy_metals_in_sediment_and_human_
health_risk_assessment_of_heavy_metals_in_fishes_in_the_middle_and_lower_reaches_of_the_Yangtze_River_basin


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Comparison of the water quality of the surface microlayer and subsurface water in the Guangzhou segment of the Pearl River, China

 http://www.researchgate.net/publication/260909309_Comparison_of_the_water_quality_of_the_surface_microlayer_
and_subsurface_water_in_the_Guangzhou_segment_of_the_Pearl_River_China


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Distribution characteristics and ecological risk assessment of toxic heavy metals and metalloid in surface water of lakes in Daqing Heilongjiang Province, China.


 http://www.researchgate.net/publication/259721487_Distribution_characteristics_and_ecological_risk_assessment_of_
toxic_heavy_metals_and_metalloid_in_surface_water_of_lakes_in_Daqing_Heilongjiang_Province_China


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Comparison of the Water Quality between the Surface Microlayer and Subsurface Water in Typical Water Bodies in Sichuan


http://www.researchgate.net/publication/228768983_Comparison_of_the_Water_Quality_between_the_Surface_
Microlayer_and_Subsurface_Water_in_Typical_Water_Bodies_in_Sichuan

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Heavy metal pollution in sediments of a typical mariculture zone in South China.

http://www.researchgate.net/publication/221857652_Heavy_metal_pollution_in_sediments_of_a_typical_mariculture_zone_in_South_China

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Concentration and characterization of dissolved organic matter in the surface microlayer and subsurface water of the Bohai Sea, China

A total of 19 sea-surface microlayer and corresponding subsurface samples collected from the Bohai Sea, China in April 2010 were analyzed for chlorophyll a, dissolved organic carbon (DOC) and its major compound classes including total dissolved carbohydrates (TDCHO, including monosaccharides, MCHO, and polysaccharides, PCHO) and total hydrolysable amino acids (THAA, including dissolved free, DFAA, and combined fraction, DCAA). The concentrations of DOC in the subsurface water ranged from 130.2 to 407.7 μM C, with an average of 225.9±75.4 μM C, while those in the surface microlayer varied between 140.1 and 330.9 μM C, with an average of 217.8±56.8 μM C. The concentrations of chlorophyll a, DOC, TDCHO and THAA in the microlayer were, respectively correlated with their subsurface water concentrations, implying that there was a strong exchange effect between the microlayer and subsurface water. The concentrations of DOC and TDCHO were negatively correlated with salinity, respectively, indicating that water mixing might play an important role in controlling the distribution of DOC and TDCHO in the water column. Major constituents of DCAA and DFAA present in the study area were glycine, alanine, glutamic acid, serine and histidine. Principal component analysis (PCA) was applied to examine the complex compositional differences that existed among the sampling sites. Our results showed that DFAA had higher mole percentages of glycine, valine and serine in the microlayer than in the subsurface water, while DCAA tended to have higher mole percentages of glutamic acid, aspartic acid, threonine, arginine, alanine, tyrosine, phenylalanine and leucine in the microlayer. The yields of TDCHO and THAA exhibited similar trends between the microlayer and subsurface water. Carbohydrate species displayed significant enrichment in the microlayer, whereas the DFAA and DCAA exhibited non-uniform enrichment in the microlayer.
Concentration and characterization of dissolved organic matter in the surface microlayer and subsurface water of the Bohai Sea, China.

http://www.researchgate.net/publication/257118826_Concentration_and_characterization_of_dissolved_organic_matter_
in_the_surface_microlayer_and_subsurface_water_of_the_Bohai_Sea_China

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Temperature and nutrients are significant drivers of seasonal shift in phytoplankton community from a drinking water reservoir, subtropical China.

 

2014 

 

Reservoirs are an important source of water supply in many densely populated areas in southeast China. Phytoplankton plays an important role in maintaining the structure and function of these reservoir ecosystems. Understanding of seasonal succession in phytoplankton communities and its driving factors is essential for effective water quality management in drinking-water reservoirs. In this study, water samples were collected monthly at the surface layers of riverine, transitional, and lacustrine zones from May 2010 to April 2011 in Tingxi Reservoir, southeast China. The phytoplankton showed distinct seasonal shifts in community structure at both taxonomic and functional levels. Cyanophyta was the dominant group in summer, especially species of Raphidiopsis in May and Aphanizomenon in June, and cyanobacterial dominance was promoted by both warmer conditions and excessive nutrients loading. Cyanophyta was gradually replaced by Cryptophyta (e.g., Chroomonas caudata) in abundance and by Bacillariophyta (Fragilaria sp. or Synedra sp. and Melosira sp.) in biomass with decreasing temperature. It appeared that seasonal shifts in phytoplankton composition were closely related to climate, nutrient status, and hydrology in this reservoir. Our partial RDA results clearly showed that water temperature and nutrients (TN and TP) were the most critical factors driving phytoplankton community shift in the abundance and biomass data, respectively. Further, with the global warming, cyanobacterial blooms may increase in distribution, duration, and intensity. In our study, the abundance and biomass of cyanobacteria had significant and positive correlations with temperature and phosphorus. Therefore, a stricter limit on nutrient input should be a priority in watershed management to protect drinking water from the effects of cyanobacterial blooms, especially in high-temperature period.

http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s11356-014-2534-3


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Red tide blamed for Hainan fish deaths

  February 11, 2014

Officials in south China's island province of Hainan on Tuesday blamed red tide, a toxic algal bloom, for the recent mass deaths of fish and shrimp in sea areas west of the land mass.

 http://www.china.org.cn/environment/2014-02/11/content_31438476.htm




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China’s cleaner-air plan puts water supplies at risk:

  25 October 2013

China’s plans to develop coal-to-gas plants as part of efforts to reduce air pollution may pose a threat to water supplies in arid regions, according to a research group involved in climate and energy issues.
“Most of the plants are planned to be built in the west including Inner Mongolia, where China has its main coal production,” Wen Hua, a Beijing-based analyst at the World Resources Institute, said yesterday. The region is “more water-stressed,” and converting coal to gas is a water-intensive process, Wen said by phone.

A spike in pollution that pushed the air quality to “hazardous” levels caused the northeastern city of Harbin to shut schools and grounded flights on Oct. 22. Seven of the 10 Chinese cities with the worst smog in the third quarter were in the Hebei area that surrounds Beijing.

http://www.eco-business.com/news/chinas-cleaner-air-plan-puts-water-supplies-risk-wri/



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China's synthetic gas plants would be greenhouse giants

September 25, 2013

Coal-powered synthetic natural gas plants being planned in China would produce seven times more greenhouse gas emissions than conventional natural gas plants, and use up to 100 times the water as shale gas production, according to a new study.

http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2013/09/130925092224.htm


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How Deadly Is China's Pollution Problem?



A recent documentary, "Under the Dome," depicts how Chinese residents are forced to cope with the worsening air quality. So how bad is pollution in China?

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=0f0qXEQ_IQE&feature=youtu.be&list=PLTSP8TRXTny79I-F2E8LWQoiBAfqHznmK


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Chapter 16: The Council on Foreign Relations & China


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CFR Says China Must Be Defeated, & TPP Is Essential to That

Posted on

Wall Street’s Council on Foreign Relations has issued a major report, alleging that China must be defeated because it threatens to become a bigger power in the world than the U.S.
This report, which is titled “Revising U.S. Grand Strategy Toward China,” is introduced by Richard Haass, the CFR’s President, who affirms the report’s view that, “no relationship will matter more when it comes to defining the twenty-first century than the one between the United States and China.” He says that the report he is publishing argues that “strategic rivalry is highly likely if not inevitable between the existing major power of the day and the principal rising power.” Haass says that the authors “also argue that China has not evolved into the ‘responsible stakeholder’ that many in the United States hoped it would.” In other words: “cooperation” with China will probably need to become replaced by, as the report’s authors put it, “intense U.S.-China strategic competition.”


 http://www.washingtonsblog.com/2015/05/cfr-says-china-must-be-defeated-tpp-is-essential-to-that.html

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Obama Signs Unconstitutional TPA as CFR Looks to Bring China into TPP


Read more at http://freedomoutpost.com/2015/06/obama-signs-unconstitutional-tpa-as-cfr-looks-to-bring-china-into-tpp/#fRIHPTfFpCEHitmD.99
 
Next up is the secretive Trans-Pacific Partnership Treaty. However, as William F. Jasper points out, now that Obama has gotten what he wanted from the Republicans, he's dropping the pretense about what he will do with that authority and now his handlers at the Council on Foreign Relations are looking to bring China into TPP.
Now that Congress has passed Trade Promotion Authority/Fast Track, the Council on Foreign Relations is taking the lead in calling for China to be included in the Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP). This represents a key reversal of the deliberately deceptive public message put out by the Obama administration and the TPP lobby over the past couple of years, to wit, that a TPP is absolutely essential to averting Communist China's economic hegemony, in the Pacific and globally.

The Los Angeles Times, which has offered unstinting support for the TPP, in a March 4, 2015 article entitled "China is Obama's trump card in push for Pacific Rim trade pact," noted the Obama White House strategy of presenting China's economic ascendance as a primary reason for approving the TPP. "President Obama is hoping to win passage of a Pacific Rim trade pact by playing on fears of China," ran the story's subtitle.

 "As the White House looks to wrap up years of negotiations on a highly contested Pacific Rim trade pact," wrote the Times' Don Lee, "administration officials are increasingly casting the agreement as vital to helping the U.S. face its most daunting economic rival: China."

"The proposed Trans-Pacific Partnership, or TPP, would be the largest trade deal in American history, involving the U.S., Japan and 10 other countries that combined make up 40% of the world economy," the Times story continued. "China isn't among them. In recent weeks, one Obama official after another has hammered away at the same line of argument: It's crucial that Congress supports the TPP — including passing a related trade-promotion bill that would strengthen the president's negotiating hand — because the alternative is that China, not the U.S., will write the rules of global trade."

But, with TPA/Fast Track approved, the ObamaTrade lobby is dropping some of the pretense. As The New American has pointed out many times over the past few years (see herehere, and here), the architects of the TPP — especially the world government activists of the Council on Foreign Relations (CFR) and the Peterson Institute for International Economics (PIIE) — have long been on record in favor of the TPP as merely a "stepping stone" to a much larger Free Trade Area of the Asia Pacific (FTAAP) that would include China as a member. The anti-Beijing rhetoric is purely a ruse to lure support from conservatives concerned over China's stepped-up militancy, as well as domestic manufacturers and labor unions worried about loss of more manufacturing business and jobs to the Beijing behemoth.
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CFR News ( China )


http://www.cfr.org/region/china/ri225



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Henry Kissinger was a member of the CFR Council's Board of Directors.

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Henry A. Kissinger Senior Fellowship for U.S. Foreign Policy

This fellowship is named in honor of Henry A. Kissinger, a member of the Council's Board of Directors from 1977 to 1981, as a tribute to Dr. Kissinger's contributions to the country and the Council.

http://www.cfr.org/support/kissinger.html

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 We can see how groups, such as the CFR, try to influence the government's of the world, from many different angles. We need to abolish groups, such as the Council on Foreign Relations.

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The squalid pact signed in blood and money between mining and political behemoths Rio Tinto and Henry Kissinger will surprise no-one given the destructive conjunction of their parallel lives upon humanity and the environment. This week, Rio Tinto appears before the Senate Inquiry into Corporate Tax Avoidance. In the first part of this speaking truth to power investigation for IA, Contributing editor-at-large Tess Lawrence exhumes some of the corpses buried in the tailings swill of history that Kissinger, Rio Tinto and their collaborators would prefer stay buried.

https://independentaustralia.net/business/business-display/rio-tintos-5-million-kissinger-of-death-for-stern-hu,7559


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The Rockefeller Plan for the BRICS New World Order, in their own words… (Update 1 – Putin and Kissinger’s friendship)

 http://redefininggod.com/2014/11/the-rockefeller-plan-for-the-brics-new-world-order-in-their-own-words/


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Why Do Russia And China Love Each Other?

 Sep 20, 2015

Despite having a turbulent history, icy relations between Russia and China have thawed. So why do Russia and China love each other?

 https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=3vTZtVmxwsA


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Chapter 17: War & Peace

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How Does China's Government Work?

 Aug 21, 2015

China has operated under a single political party since the birth of Communist China. So, how does China’s government operate?

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=QmWWVtcOWxc&list=PLTSP8TRXTny79I-F2E8LWQoiBAfqHznmK&index=32

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The Fight To Control The South China Sea


May 28, 2015


The South China Sea has been the source of escalating tension among neighboring coastal countries. So why is this territorial dispute so complex and why is this region so valuable?

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=QmWWVtcOWxc&list=PLTSP8TRXTny79I-F2E8LWQoiBAfqHznmK&index=32



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As Economy Falters, Military Parade Offers Chance to Burnish China’s Image





BEIJING — Few things distract an anxious nation in economic trouble quite like a jaw-dropping military parade featuring a cavalcade of gleaming high-tech weaponry, 12,000 goose-stepping soldiers and fighter jets filling the skies with synchronized plumes of candy-colored smoke.
China celebrates a new national holiday on Thursday, honoring the 70th anniversary of the end of World War II with events across the country, a three-day holiday and a martial spectacle that will rumble through the ceremonial heart of the capital. President Xi Jinping ordered up the festivities long before the latest round of economic news, but the timing could hardly be better for the Communist Party as it grapples with a slumping stock market and fears that a slowdown could spur social unrest.


http://www.nytimes.com/2015/09/02/world/asia/as-economy-falters-military-parade-offers-chance-to-burnish-chinas-image.html?ribbon-ad-idx=4&rref=world/asia

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China holds massive military parade, to cut troop levels by 300,000

Sep 3, 2015 

 http://www.reuters.com/article/2015/09/03/us-ww2-anniversary-china-xi-idUSKCN0R305P20150903


President Xi Jinping announced on Thursday he would cut troop levels by 300,000 as China held its biggest display of military might in a parade to commemorate victory over Japan in World War Two, an event shunned by most Western leaders.
China's confidence in its armed forces and growing military assertiveness, especially in the disputed South China Sea, has rattled the region and drawn criticism from Washington.
Xi, speaking on a rostrum overlooking Beijing's Tiananmen Square before the parade began, said China would cut by 13 percent one of the world's biggest militaries, currently 2.3-million strong.
He gave no time frame for a reduction that is likely part of long-mooted military reforms. Troop numbers have been cut three times before since the 1980s as part of China's efforts to modernize its armed forces.
"Prejudice and discrimination, hatred and war can only cause disaster and pain," Xi said. "China will always uphold the path of peaceful development."
He then descended to Beijing's main thoroughfare and inspected rows of troops, riding past them in a black limousine and bellowing repeatedly: "Hello comrades, hard-working comrades!"
More than 12,000 soldiers, mostly Chinese but with contingents from Russia and elsewhere, then began marching down Changan Avenue, led by veterans of World War Two carried in vehicles.
They were followed by ballistic missiles, tanks and armored vehicles, many never seen in public before. Advanced fighter jets and bombers flew overhead in a highly-choreographed spectacle that lasted around 90 minutes.
Among the weapons China unveiled for the first time was an anti-ship ballistic missile, the Dongfeng-21D, which is reportedly capable of destroying an aircraft carrier with one hit.
Also shown were several intercontinental ballistic missiles such as the DF-5B and the DF-31A as well as the DF-26 intermediate range ballistic missile (IRBM), dubbed the "Guam killer" in reference to a U.S. Pacific Ocean base.
For Xi, the parade is a welcome distraction from the country's plunging stock markets, slowing economy and recent blasts at a chemical warehouse that killed at least 160 people.



Xi was joined by Russian President Vladimir Putin and leaders of several other nations with close ties to China, including Sudanese President Omar Hassan al-Bashir, who is wanted for war crimes by the International Criminal Court.
Most Western leaders rebuffed invitations to attend, diplomats said, unhappy about the guest list and wary of the message China would send with the show of strength.
LOOK TO FUTURE, JAPAN SAYS
Japanese Prime Minister Shinzo Abe did not attend the parade, which was held one day after the 70th anniversary of Tokyo's surrender in World War Two.
"I would like China to show its future-oriented attitude to work on common issues which international society is facing, not focus excessively on the past unfortunate history," Japan's Chief Cabinet Secretary Yoshihide Suga told a news conference in Tokyo.
China's government repeatedly said the parade was not aimed at today's Japan, but to remember the past and to remind the world of China's huge sacrifices during the conflict. However, it rarely misses an opportunity to draw attention to Japan's wartime role.
On Wednesday, Xi said Japanese invaders before and during World War Two behaved with barbarity.
"As for the claim that China intends the event as a saber-rattling occasion to instill fear, it is nothing but nonsense since China has always insisted on resolving disputes via peaceful means," state news agency Xinhua said in a commentary.
CHINESE NAVY IN BERING SEA
Xi has set great store on China's military modernization, including developing an ocean-going "blue water" navy capable of defending the country's growing global interests.
In a sign of that emerging capability, five Chinese Navy ships are sailing in international waters in the Bering Sea off Alaska, the Pentagon said on Wednesday, at a time when U.S. President Barack Obama is touring the state.
Pentagon spokesman Captain Jeff Davis said it was the first time the United States had seen Chinese navy ships in the Bering Sea.
It was not clear whether their presence was timed to coincide with Obama's visit or if it followed a recent Chinese-Russian navy exercise. Chinese state media has said nothing about the Bering Sea deployment.


"It is living up to what the Chinese have been saying, 'We are now a blue water navy. We will operate in the far seas and we are a global presence'," said Dean Cheng, a China expert at the Heritage Foundation think-tank in Washington.
Xi will meet Obama in Washington for talks later this month that will be dominated by a host of thorny issues, including China's growing military reach.
Beijing was locked down to ensure nothing went wrong at the parade, with much of the downtown off-limits, a three-day holiday declared and ordinary people kept well away.
"This parade and patriotism are two separate things," said Mi Guoxian, who had come to Beijing for a wedding, standing on a nearly deserted street behind a line of police.
"This is for the national leaders."



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Revolution Brewing in China? | China Uncensored

May 7, 2014

When you oppress people long enough, they eventually kill you. In April, a mob of 1000 descended on a group of 5 chengguan, China's urban management 'police', after rumor spread they murdered a man who stood up for a street vendor. There was not much of the chengguan left after that except for some bloody, graphic images. For China news like you can't get anywhere else, turn to China Uncensored. It's a laugh riot, so bring the tear gas.

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1ljeCXq93Xw



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 The people of the world, do not want to get into any more wars with each other. We can see the environmental damage, that has been caused by war. It is the duty and the job of journalists, to report on the corruption in the politics around the world. The people of the world need to unite, and see that the west and the east are not enemies, but brothers. We need to hold the politicians responsible, for trying to create the wars, to kill off our fellow brothers and sisters.


 For more information on the corruption in China, view our video and blog titled "The Hillary Clinton Investigation."



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The Hillary Clinton Investigation 

 Jul 7, 2014


https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=L3XIOH7cEU0

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The Hillary Clinton Investigation

July 7, 2014


http://hillaryclintoninvestigation.blogspot.com/